Africa Today

Africa Today
Volume 49, Number 4, Winter 2002


Contents

Articles

    Awasom, Nicodemus Fru.
  • Politics and Constitution-Making in Francophone Cameroon, 1959-1960
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cameroon -- Politics and government -- To 1960.
    • Cameroon. Constitution (1960)
    • Constitutional history -- Cameroon.
    Abstract:
      This essay examines politics in Francophone Cameroon and its impact on the making of the Cameroonian constitution of 1960. Politics in Francophone Cameroon was characterized by violence, bloodshed, and the suppression of civil liberties. This political turmoil was the handiwork of French administrators, who indulged themselves in the uphill task of exterminating anti-French Cameroonians. Prime Minister Ahidjo used the turmoil as a pretext to obtain emergency powers from parliament to design Cameroon's constitution. The constitution was adopted in a referendum while a state of emergency was in force, the French army was protecting the Ahidjo government against its citizens, and French administrators were present to rig the vote.
    Britton, Hannah E.
  • Coalition Building, Election Rules, and Party Politics: South African Women's Path to Parliament
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women in politics -- South Africa.
    • South Africa -- Politics and government -- 1994-
    • Political parties -- South Africa.
    Abstract:
      This paper argues that pre-transition mobilization by South African women fostered post transition success in constitutional mandates, party politics, and office holding. Informed by examples of failed postliberation gender movements in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Angola, South African women's groups worked collectively and individually to advance gender equality. Women mobilized around their gender identity to form a powerful multiparty women's coalition, which became a vehicle through which women pushed for inclusion in the Constitutional Assembly. Using this external power-base, women's branches of major political parties compelled their parties' leaders to implement affirmative-action measures for candidate recruitment and selection. These measures, particularly the gender quota of the African National Congress, have pressured all political parties to increase the number of women on their party-lists in subsequent elections.
    Frank, Emily.
  • A Participatory Approach for Local Peace Initiatives: The Lodwar Border Harmonization Meeting
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conflict management -- Africa, East.
    • Africa, East -- Ethnic relations.
    • Nomads -- Africa, East.
    Abstract:
      Long-term, low-intensity conflicts are pervasive in many pastoralist areas in the Horn of Africa. As international development agencies have sought strategies for improving livelihoods in these areas, their attention has been increasingly drawn to the need for creating durable solutions to these conflicts. In December of 1999, the Border Harmonization Meeting, held in Lodwar, Kenya, brought together local community elders, government officials, and members of the international donor community to discuss local strategies for resolving widespread pastoralist conflict in the Karamojong Cluster. The meeting provided a good example of how participatory strategies, used widely in development programs, provide a valuable framework for local peace initiatives. It also illustrated the multiple levels on which peace processes operate and in which issues are discussed and resolved. This paper will provide some background for the current destabilization of the Karamojong Cluster, explore the development of the peace process, and discuss how success was achieved, or not, on a variety of levels. Finally, it will point out how the meeting raised important questions for employing participatory strategies in local conflict resolution.
    Magubane, Zine.
  • Globalization and the South African Transformation: The Impact on Social Policy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Globalization.
    • South Africa -- Social policy.
    • South Africa -- Economic policy.
    Abstract:
      In analyzing the ANC's postapartheid macroeconomic and industrial policies alongside ideologies about the role of states and markets in fostering developmental goals, this paper argues that globalization has had a profound impact on the social policies adopted by the postapartheid state. The impact of globalization has occurred not simply at the level of macroeconomic policy, but also at the level of ideology. When the postapartheid state introduced industrial and macroeconomic reforms designed to attract investment from outside of South Africa's borders, it adopted a way of conceptualizing the relationship between the state, the market, and the global economy that reinforces the hegemony of capitalist globalization. These reforms threaten to entrench apartheid's bitter economic legacy of white development and black underdevelopment.
    Meyer, Helen.
  • Educational Partnerships and Democratic Education in Namibia
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    Subject Headings:
    • College-school cooperation -- Namibia.
    • Democratization -- Namibia.
    • Education -- Social aspects -- Namibia.
    Abstract:
      This case study discusses the path toward the development of a democratic partnership between a Namibian college of education and four schools in the local educational area. It describes the initial educational conditions in postindependent Namibia and the potential role of education reform for the development of democratic values. Indicators of democratic values are discussed and used to understand partnership initiation and the resulting changes in the interrelationships of the college and the schools. The case discusses the potential of partnership development between educational institutions as a contributing mechanism for democratization.

Book Reviews

    Gramby-Sobukwe, Sharon.
  • The Colour of Business: Managing Diversity in South Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Adam, Kanya. Colour of business: managing diversity in South Africa.
    • Affirmative action programs -- South Africa.
    Echeruo, Michael J. C.
  • The African Diaspora & Autobiographics: Skeins of Self and Skin (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chinosole, 1942- African diaspora & autobiographics: skeins of self and skin.
    • American prose literature -- African American authors -- History and criticism.
    LaViolette, Adria Jean.
  • African Civilizations: An Archaeological Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Connah, Graham. African civilizations: an archaeological perspective.
    • Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Antiquities.
    Dhada, Mustafah.
  • The Origins of the Angolan Civil War: Foreign Intervention and Domestic Political Conflict (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Guimarães, Fernando Andersen, 1965- Origins of the Angolan civil war: foreign intervention and domestic political conflict.
    • Angola -- History -- Civil War, 1975- -- Causes.
    Okia, Opolot.
  • Peoples Versus States: Minorities at Risk in the New Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gurr, Ted Robert, 1936- Peoples versus states: minorities at risk in the new century.
    • World politics -- 1989-
    Elkins, Catherine.
  • Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hansen, Karen Tranberg. Salaula: the world of secondhand clothing and Zambia.
    • Costume -- Zambia.
    Emizet, Kisangani N. F.
  • Bureaucratic and Political Corruption in Africa: The Public Choice Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mbaku, John Mukum, 1950- Bureaucratic and political corruption in Africa: the public choice perspective.
    • Political corruption -- Africa.
    Brinkman, Inge.
  • African Spirituality: Forms, Meanings, and Expressions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Olupona, Jacob Obafemi Kehinde, ed. African spirituality: forms, meanings, and expressions.
    • Spirituality -- Africa.
    Pels, Peter.
  • East African Expressions of Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spear, Thomas T., ed. East African expressions of Christianity.
    • Kimambo, Isaria N., ed.
    • Christianity -- Africa, East.
    Colvin, Christopher J.
  • The Quest for Fruition through Ngoma: The Political Aspects of Healing in Southern Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dijk, Rijk van, 1959-, ed. Quest for fruition through ngoma: the political aspects of healing in Southern Africa.
    • Reis, Ria, ed.
    • Spierenburg, Marja, ed.
    • Traditional medicine -- Africa, Southern.
    Salamone, Frank A.
  • The Dramatic Art of Athol Fugard: From South Africa to the World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wertheim, Albert. Dramatic art of Athol Fugard: from South Africa to the world.
    • Fugard, Athol -- Criticism and interpretation.



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