Africa Today

Africa Today 47.2, Spring 2000

Contents

Articles

    Amponsah, Nicholas.
  • Ghana's Mixed Structural Adjustment Results: Explaining the Poor Private Sector Response
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ghana -- Economic conditions -- 1979-
    • Ghana -- Economic policy.
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Ghana.
    Abstract:
      The most worrisome aspect of Ghana's fifteen years of market liberalization reforms is the failure of domestic private business to respond enthusiastically with increased investment. Have domestic private entrepreneurs failed to respond because of their own innate weaknesses as popularly believed in official circles? Do they have genuine concerns that are yet to be addressed? This study focuses on the preconditions for the success of market reforms. The study utilizes survey data to demonstrate that domestic private entrepreneurs in Ghana are not positively responding to Ghana's Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) because they still perceive the existing institutional environment as uncertain. If regime leaders in Ghana and in other African countries wish to ensure sustained development through market reforms, they must address the issue of improving and maintaining institutional credibility.
    Hess, Janet Berry.
  • Imagining Architecture: The Structure of Nationalism in Accra, Ghana
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nationalism and architecture -- Ghana -- Accra.
    • Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- Ghana -- Accra.
    • Nkrumah, Kwame, 1909-1972 -- Views on modern architecture.
    Abstract:
      The architecture of the capital city of Ghana in the independence era suggests an identification between architecture and a consciously managed national ideal. This article examines the history of architecture and spatial organization in Accra, focusing upon the symbiosis between British administrative and local commercial interests and on British colonial efforts to segregate and regulate architectural space. It also explores the Nkrumah administration's reconfiguration of colonial architectural objectives and argues that the administration advanced--in its embrace of architectural modernity and reconceptualization of the urban en-vironment--a distinctive notion of the "nation."
    Yeboah, Ian E. A.
  • Structural Adjustment and Emerging Urban Form in Accra, Ghana
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cities and towns -- Ghana -- Accra -- Growth.
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Ghana -- Accra.
    • Housing development -- Ghana -- Accra.
    Abstract:
      Researchers have postulated the emergence of new urban forms in the Third World (TW), which are characterized by either a deconcentration of urban functions to peri-urban or smaller cities (polycentric), or a fusion of urban and rural functions (desakota). This paper provides empirical evidence, in the form of the phenomenal growth of Accra, on emerging urban forms. It argues that Accra's growth is a quality residential sprawl with unicentric tendencies, rather than either a deconcentration of urban functions or a fusion of urban and rural functions. For Accra, globalization, economic growth, and Structural Adjustment have helped the state provide enabling circumstances for global and local factors to contribute to the city's expansion. Based on the case of Accra, the paper raises a series of questions that relate to generalization, planning, and the management of sub-Saharan African cities (SSACs).
    Awasom, Nicodemus Fru.
  • The Reunification Question in Cameroon History: Was the Bride an Enthusiastic or a Reluctant One?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cameroon -- History.
    • Southern Cameroons -- Annexation to Cameroon.
    Abstract:
      Reunification discourse has generated controversy in Cameroon since the 1990s and hinges on the issue of the degree of commitment of Anglophone and Francophone Cameroonians to its realization. This essay provides a chronological, comprehensive, and critical survey of the reunification question. Often only part of the history is presented, either inadvertently or deliberately. It is argued in this essay that reunification was a minority ideology confined largely to the Cameroon people of the Southwestern quadrant. That notwithstanding, its chief proponents were Francophones who conceived it, propagated it, and sustained it until the United Nations recognized it in the 1960s.
    Kadende, Rose Marie.
  • Interpreting Language and Cultural Discourse: Internet Communication among Burundians in the Diaspora
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hutu (African people) -- Foreign countries -- Communication.
    • Tutsi (African people) -- Foreign countries -- Communication.
    • Electronic discussion groups -- Social aspects.
    Abstract:
      This study contributes to current research on computer-mediated communication (CMC), with a particular focus on Burundinet, an internet communication network that is comprised of Burundians in the diaspora and interested non-Burundians. Burundinet discussions about Burundi focus specifically on the civil war that began in 1993 and demonstrate that in spite of the ethnic violence that has hindered direct and peaceful interaction between the Hutu and Tutsi in Burundi, the internet has facilitated productive interaction across vast distances among members of the two groups who now reside in the diaspora.
    Walker, Ezekiel Ayodele.
  • "Happy Days are Here Again": Cocoa Farmers, Middlemen Traders and the Structural Adjustment Program in Southwestern Nigeria, 1986-1990s
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cocoa trade -- Nigeria -- History.
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy) -- Nigeria.
    • Nigeria -- Economic conditions -- 1970-
    Abstract:
      This article examines the impact of the Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) that was installed by the military regime of Ibrahim Babangida in 1986 on the cocoa economy of southwestern Nigeria. The structural adjustment program resulted in the dissolution of the Cocoa Board. The scrapping of the Cocoa Board engendered significant changes in the marketing of cocoa, as Nigerian, and non-Nigerian exporters (Syrians and Lebanese) sought to gain control of the cocoa trade. This resulted in a price war that led to a monumental increase in the price of cocoa. The cocoa boom from 1987 to 1988 was compounded by the heightened inflationary situation created by the structural adjustment program. Prices of farm implements rose and laborers also increased their wages. With the end of the cocoa boom in early 1989, some farmers found it increasingly difficult to maintain their farms, resulting in the intensification of sharecropping. Also, some laborers who had benefited from the windfall during 1987 and 1988 began to buy their own farms from cocoa farmers.

Book Reviews

    Charlick, Robert B.
  • Comprehending and Mastering African Conflicts: The Search for Sustainable Peace and Good Governance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Adedeji, Adebayo, ed. Comprehending and mastering African conflicts: the search for sustainable peace and good governance.
    • Civil war -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- History -- 20th century.
    Dibua, J. I.
  • West Africans in Britain, 1900-1960: Nationalism, Pan-Africanism, and Communism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Adi, Hakim. West Africans in Britain, 1900-1960: nationalism, Pan-Africanism, and communism.
    • West Africans -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Fair, Jo Ellen, 1960-
  • The Media of Conflict: War Reporting and Representations of Ethnic Violence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Allen, Tim, ed. Media of conflict: war reporting and representations of ethnic violence.
    • Seaton, Jean, ed.
    • War in mass media.
    Kuntz, Patricia S.
  • Great Ideas for Teaching about Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bastian, Misty L., 1955-, ed. Great ideas for teaching about Africa.
    • Parpart, Jane L., ed.
    • Africa -- Study and teaching -- United States.
    Welch, Claude Emerson.
  • Democracy and Decentralisation in South Asia and West Africa: Participation, Accountability, and Performance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Crook, Richard Charles. Democracy and decentralisation in South Asia and West Africa: participation, accountability, and performance.
    • Manor, James.
    • Decentralization in government -- South Asia.
    Cooper, Allan D.
  • Contesting Apartheid: U.S. Activism, 1960-1987 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Culverson, Donald R. Contesting apartheid: U.S. activism, 1960-1987.
    • United States -- Relations -- South Africa.
    Weisfelder, Richard Frederick.
  • Psychoses of Power: African Personal Dictatorships, and: Civil-Military Relations in Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Decalo, Samuel. Psychoses of power: African personal dictatorships.
    • Decalo, Samuel. Civil-military relations in Africa.
    • Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Politics and government -- 1960-
    • Civil-military relations -- Africa.
    Coger, Dalvan M.
  • Nigerian Theatre in English: A Critical Bibliography (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dunton, Chris. Nigerian theatre in English: a critical bibliography.
    • Nigerian drama (English) -- History and criticism -- Bibliography.
    Coger, Dalvan M.
  • South Africa's Destabilization of Zimbabwe, 1980-89 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dzimba, John. South Africa's destabilization of Zimbabwe, 1980-89.
    • Political stability -- Zimbabwe.
    Gray, Leslie C.
  • Making a Living in Rural Sudan: Production of Women, Labour Migration of Men, and Policies for Peasants' Needs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grawert, Elke. Making a living in rural Sudan: production of women, labour migration of men, and policies for peasants' needs.
    • Peasantry -- Sudan.
    Anda, Michael O.
  • Hometown Associations: Indigenous Knowledge and Development in Nigeria (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Honey, Rex, ed. Hometown associations: indigenous knowledge and development in Nigeria.
    • Okafor, S. I. (Stanley I.), ed.
    • Indigenous peoples -- Nigeria.
    Bangura, Abdul Karim, 1953-
  • Africa: Dilemmas of Development and Change (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lewis, Peter, ed. Africa: dilemmas of development and change.
    • Africa -- Economic conditions -- 1960-
    Cobbe, James H.
  • Regional Integration and Trade Liberalization in Subsaharan Africa. Volume 3, Regional Case-Studies, and: Regional Integration and Trade Liberalization in Subsaharan Africa. Volume 4, Synthesis and Review (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Oyejide, T. Ademola, ed. Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa. Volume 3, Regional case-studies.
    • Elbadawi, Ibrahim, ed.
    • Yeo, Stephen, ed.
    • Oyejide, T. Ademola, ed. Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa. Volume 4, Synthesis and review.
    • Ndulu, B. J., ed.
    • Greenaway, David, ed.
    • Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Economic integration.
    • Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Economic policy.
    Miescher, Stephan F.
  • In the Shadow of Sharpeville: Apartheid and Criminal Justice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parker, Peter, 1954 Feb. 16- In the shadow of Sharpeville: apartheid and criminal justice.
    • Mokhesi-Parker, Joyce.
    • Trials (Murder) -- South Africa.
    Okia, Opolot.
  • King Khama, Emperor Joe, and the Great White Queen: Victorian Britain through African Eyes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parsons, Neil. King Khama, Emperor Joe, and the great white queen: Victorian Britain through African eyes.
    • Africans -- Travel -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    Molefe, Dorcas B.
  • Across Boundaries: The Journey of a South African Woman Leader (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ramphele, Mamphela. Across boundaries: the journey of a South African woman leader.
    • Ramphele, Mamphela.
    Bangura, Abdul Karim, 1953-
  • Restructuring or De-Industrializing?: Zimbabwe's Textile and Metal Industries under Structural Adjustment, and: Voting with Their Feet: Migrant Zimbabwean Nurses and Doctors in the Era of Structural Adjustment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sachikonye, L. M. Restructuring or de-industrializing?: Zimbabwe's textile and metal industries under structural adjustment.
    • Gaidzanwa, Rudo B. (Rudo Barbara), 1957- Voting with their feet: migrant Zimbabwean nurses and doctors in the era of structural adjustment.
    • Textile industry -- Zimbabwe.
    • Public health -- Zimbabwe.
    Crummey, Donald.
  • The Hyena People: Ethiopian Jews in Christian Ethiopia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Salamon, Hagar. Hyena people: Ethiopian Jews in Christian Ethiopia.
    • Jews -- Ethiopia -- Public opinion.
    Cooper, Allan D.
  • Elections and Conflict Management in Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sisk, Timothy D., 1960-, ed. Elections and conflict management in Africa.
    • Reynolds, Andrew, 1967-, ed.
    • Elections -- Africa.
    Parpart, Jane L.
  • When Hens Begin to Crow: Gender and Parliamentary Politics in Uganda (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tamale, Sylvia (Sylvia Rosila) When hens begin to crow: gender and parliamentary politics in Uganda.
    • Women in politics -- Uganda.
    Gray, Christopher.
  • The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian Movement, 1684-1706 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thornton, John Kelly, 1949- Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian movement, 1684-1706.
    • Vita, Beatriz Kimpa, d. 1706.
    Coe, Cati.
  • Ethnicity and Nationalism in Africa: Constructivist Reflections and Contemporary Politics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yeros, Paris, 1968-, ed. Ethnicity and nationalism in Africa: constructivist reflections and contemporary politics.
    • Ethnicity -- Africa.



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