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I N DEX 337 Abbott, Hunley, 100, 256n13 Ackerman, Frederick: Munsey Park Business Center, 128–29; Radburn Plaza Building, 128–29, 141 Adams, Frederick J., 160, 165, 166, 259n37 Adorno, Theodor W., 7, 39–40 advertising: by architects, 49, 61, 65, 70; modernism movement and, 43, 56; storefronts as vehicles for, 20, 58; by stores, 5, 26, 77, 255n9, 255–56n10. See also goods: selling; merchandising air-conditioning, 4, 89, 239, 241 Alexander, Robert, 277n42 Altman-Kuhne Candy shop (New York City, Gruen, 1939–40), 54, 61 Aluminaire House (New York, Kocher and Frey, 1931), 32 America House (Ketchum), 65 American Federation of the Arts (AFA), 197, 285n63, 285n68 American Institute of Architects (AIA): and civil defense planning, 178, 180–83, 186, 188; Urban Planning Committee, 123 American Planning Association: The City, 7, 224 American style, 31, 32 American Union of Decorative Artists and Craftsmen (AUDAC), 42–43, 48, 261n77 Anaheim, California: parking plan, 112, 113 Appleton, Wisconsin: Gruen’s proposal for, 229, 231, 288n47; Valley Fair Shopping Center, 255n2 Arcade, The (Providence, Rhode Island, 1827), 259n39 arcades, 31, 103, 137, 150, 170, 288n47; Eighth Street, New York City, 101, 102; Gruen’s designs of, 54, 55, 56, 58, 76; Parisian, 25, 241, 245, 259n39; pedestrian, 101, 125, 161; in shopping centers, 100, 123, 130, 143, 156, 166, 167, 192, 215; in store designs, 25–31, 44, 52, 85, 263n12. See also storefronts; vestibules architects and architecture, modern, 17–49, 52, 65, 257n40; advertising by, 49, 61, 65, 70; art joined with, 197–204; civil defense dispersal planning, 175–92; commerce’s tensions with, 9, 48–49; consumption’s tensions, 49, 173, 199, 220, 265n44; economic aspects of profession, 210, 211, 213; European, 12, 38–39, 47; industrialization integrated with, 31, 36; merchandising and, 4, 35– 36, 199, 207–8, 237; modernists vs. traditionalists debates, 17–19, 22, 24, 32, 54, 100; openness in, 7, 43, 83; pedestrian focus, 54, 226, 253; planning role of, 4, 132, 208–11, 213; postwar, 234–39; in retail design, 9–10, 75; role in normalizing modernism, 10, 12–15, 90–91, 253; shopping centers work, 207–11, 213, 224; specialization in, 6, 14–15, 31; store design work, 6, 17–18, 265n44; urban, 96–97, 123, 232, 234–35. See also modernism; modernity Architects Civic Design Group of Grand Rapids (Michigan), 120 Architectural Forum (journal): format change, 31; “How to Build Cities Downtown ” conference, 236–37; “New Buildings for 194X” issue, 148–60, 158; postwar building issue, 154–59; Productive Home competition, 65; special feature on stores, 71; Urban Traffic Forum, 236, 237 Architectural Record (journal): building type issues, 210, 211, 213; cover design change, 31; retail stores issues, 32, 35, 71, 72 art: commerce mixed with, 52–53; countering Cold War anxieties with, 14; modernism in, 39, 40, 42, 43, 47; shopping centers as venue for, 197–204, 205, 224. See also culture; Museum of Modern Art art deco style, 24, 32, 48, 83 Artek furniture showroom (Ketchum and Gina, 1941–42), 65, 68 “Art of This Century” gallery (Kiesler, 1942), 47 Arundell Display School (London), 45, 261n85 A. S. Beck Shoe Store (Brooklyn, Hagopian, 1929), 33 Atget, Eugène: Avenue des Gobelins, 243, 244 atomic bomb, 175–92; fears created by, 14, 183–84, 186, 281n2; firebreaks, 178, 181, 182, 184, 186; target zones, 179, 184 atriums, 6, 29, 251–53 AUDAC. See American Union of Decorative Artists and Craftsmen Auer, Michael: Canterbury Shop, 54, 56, 57, 61 Augur, Tracy B., 176, 177 automobiles: city redesigns to accommodate, 123, 145, 163; separating pedestrians and, 143, 165, 232, 234–39, 256n24; store access from, 29–30, 35, 95–97, 100–118, 120, 126–30, 166, 191–92, 284n53. See also cities: traffic in; parking Avalon store (Jacobs, 1924), 54 avant-garde style, 4, 45; European, 38–39, 47; Kiesler’s use of, 40, 42 Avedon shop arcade (New York City, Jacobs, 1925), 25, 26, 54 Bach, Richard F., 42, 285n63 Bacon, Edmund: Penn Center, Philadelphia, plans, 235 BAID. See Beaux-Arts Institute of Design Bakema, Jaap, 235, 289n57 Baker, Geoffrey, 286n3; Shopping Centers, 208, 209, 210, 213 Banham, Reyner, 40 Barclay-Vesey Building (New York City, Ralph Walker, 1926), 259n37 Bartholomew, Harland: parking plan by, 112, 114, 270n16 Barton’s Bonbonniere (New York City, Gruen, 1939–40), 54, 61 Bauer, Catherine, 136, 141, 180, 235 Bauhaus Building (Dessau, Germany), 256n24 Bauhaus style, 19, 32, 35, 42, 45, 48, 56 Bayfair Shopping Center (San Leandro, California, Gruen, 1957), 2–3, 4, 6 Beauregard...


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