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xi Preface and Acknowledgments “Children Crossing Borders” began as an idea for a collaborative international research project in 2002 when my French colleagues, Gilles Brou­ gère and Sylvia Rayna, and I decided to do a comparative international study of approaches to early childhood and care among countries in Europe . Gilles, Sylvie, and I invited Chris Pascal and Tony Bertram to join us as the England research team leaders. When Chris and Tony suggested that the study focus on how early childhood education programs in each country are dealing with migration, we enthusiastically agreed. With this in mind, we decided to add Germany, a country whose approach to immigration , we felt, would provide a useful contrast to both France’s republicanism (Brougère, Guénif-Souilamas, and Rayna 2008) and England ’s version of multiculturalism; Christa Preissing came on board as leader of the Berlin-based German team. We then decided to add Italy as a fourth country, both because of the excellent reputation of Italy’s preschools and because we felt that Italy, as a country relatively new to receiving immigrants, would provide a useful counterpoint; Susanna Mantovani joined the project as the Italian team leader. The last country we added to the study was the United States, the selfproclaimed land of immigrants. I invited my colleague at Arizona State University, Angela Arzubiaga, to be my co-principal investigator on the U.S. research and my then-doctoral student, Jennifer Adair, to be the U.S. research coordinator. Angela eventually became the PI for the U.S. research as I put more of my energy into running the larger international project. Jennifer became increasingly responsible for the management and analysis of the data. Angela, Jennifer, and I gradually came to the realization that the data from the United States were sufficiently rich and complicated to warrant their own book. Although this book is only about the United States, our research questions, methods, conceptual framework, and organization of Tobin_Book.indb 11 8/27/2013 3:41:06 PM xii Preface and Acknowledgments findings reflect the fruits of our close collaboration with our European colleagues. The Children Crossing Borders research team met frequently from 2004 to 2009, in both the United States and Europe. These meetings, our email correspondence in between them, and our collaborative conference presentations and authorship of papers were invaluable to the development of the ideas in this book. We want to acknowledge the contributions of each member of the research team: Fikriye Kurban worked closely with me coordinating the international project and collaborating with the country teams on shooting and editing the videos. Tamara Fuster, a graduate assistant on the U.S. team, played a major role in the intervention stage of the project, described in chapter 6, and she helped draft an earlier version of that chapter. Ana Morales Santiago and Lirio Patton were interviewers on the U.S. team. During a sabbatical year he spent with us in Arizona, Gilles Brougère helped to facilitate focus groups in Nuevo Campo, Iowa, and Nashville, Tennessee, and conducted a focus group in French in New York City with West African immigrants. Dalvir Gill joined Tony Bertram and Chris Pascal on the English team. Christa Preissing’s German research team included Petra Wagner, Annika Sulzer, and Anja Jungen. Nacira Guénif-Souilamas joined Gilles Brougère and Sylvie Rayna as leaders of the French team, and Nathalie Thomauske came on as a research assistant for both the French and German teams. Chiara Bove joined Susanna Mantovani as co-PI of the Italian team, which also included the graduate research assistants Giulia Pastori and Francesca Zaninelli. At the inception of the project, our Belgian friend Michel Vandenbroeck introduced us to Henriette Heimgaertener, who at the time was a program officer at the Bernard van Leer Foundation. With Henriette’s encouragement , we developed a proposal to BvLF, which funded the international organization of the project. Our English colleagues secured funding from the Esmée Fairburn Foundation for the U.K. portion of the research. The Spencer Foundation awarded us a major grant for the U.S. research, and I was invited by the Russell Sage Foundation to spend a year in New York as a visiting scholar to work on this book. We are grateful to all three of these funders for investing in this research. In addition to acting as matchmaker between our team and the Bernard van Leer Foundation, Michel Vandenbroeck gave us valuable advice at various junctures...


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