List of Illustrations
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xi Illustrations Maps 1. The Fen River plain of central Shanxi / 16 2. Qingyuan county / 21 3. Asia in the early nineteenth century, showing places visited by Shanxi Catholics / 56 Figures 1. Hillside south of Cave Gully / 20 2. Adult baptisms in Shanxi, 1620 to 1940 / 22 3. Virgin and Child, Shaanxi, variously dated 1500–1850 / 33 4. St. Michael the Archangel, Macao, seventeenth century / 35 5. Cave Gully orphanage circa 1900 / 69 6. Zhao Yuqian / 81 7. Total numbers of Catholics and annual confessions in Shanxi diocese, 1840–1940 / 97 8. Cave Gully villagers drilling outside the monastery, 1900 / 114 9. Group of missionaries from Bologna / 121 10. West Willows Catholic primary school girls with sworn virgins from the Chinese order / 135 11. Monastery water cistern / 137 9780520273115_PRINT.indd xi 9780520273115_PRINT.indd xi 27/04/13 3:46 PM 27/04/13 3:46 PM xii | Illustrations 12. Shrine to Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows, Cave Gully, circa 1924 / 140 13. Franciscans in Cave Gully with the Taiyuan county magistrate and soldiers from the Japanese occupation forces / 143 14. Zheng Fentao / 155 15. The Church of the Holy Mother at the height of the movement / 160 16. Church of Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows / 186 17. The Holy Family and a prayer card of Jesus of the Divine Mercy / 194 18. Mass for the feast of the Assumption in 2009 / 196 9780520273115_PRINT.indd xii 9780520273115_PRINT.indd xii 27/04/13 3:46 PM 27/04/13 3:46 PM ...