restricted access Acknowledgments
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This book is based on many seasons of research in Moquegua, Puno, and Bolivia. There are many people and institutions who have provided invaluable help. I wish to thank the Programa Contisuyu and, in particular, Michael Moseley, Don Rice, the late Victor Barua, Lucy Barua, Nelson Molina, and Luis Watanabe for their help with my research from 1983 to 1985 in Moquegua and for their friendship. The Moquegua research was funded by the National Science Foundation, the Doherty Foundation, the Mellon Foundation of the University of Chicago, and Patricia Dodson. The research was supervised by Michael Moseley and Don S. Rice and authorized by the Instituto Nacional de Cultura. I gratefully thank the students and faculty of the Universidad Católica “Santa María” of Arequipa for their assistance, particularly Edmundo de la Vega. I also remain grateful to the broad intellectual direction X X I provided by my faculty mentors at the University of Chicago. I wish to acknowledge Alan Kolata for offering me the position of field director in the Proyecto Wila Jawira in Lukurmata, Bolivia, in 1986–1987. In 1988, I began formal research near the town of Juli on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca, at the suggestion of the late John Hyslop. This season was funded by the Wenner -Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Patricia Dodson, and the Montgomery Fund of the Field Museum. The field research was conducted under the direction of the National Institute of Culture in Lima and Puno (RS ED 170–88). By 1990, the Juli Project had evolved into the Lupaqa Project, a larger survey and excavation program in the Lupaqa area of the southwestern Titicaca Basin. The Lupaqa Project was funded by the National Science Foundation (BNS-9008181) and the H. John Heinz III Trust for Acknowledgments Archaeological Research in South America. In 1993– 1994, we excavated two sites near the town of Juli and extended our survey. This research was funded by the National Science Foundation (DBS-9307784), the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research , the H. John Heinz III Trust for Archaeological Research in South America, Patricia Dodson, Beverly Malen, and Robert Donnelly. Various forms of assistance from the former Vice-President for Academic Affairs at the Field Museum of Natural History, Peter Crane, are gratefully acknowledged. For my work in the Juli area, I offer a special thanks to officials of the National Institute of Culture and fellow archaeologists in Lima and Puno, including Elias Mujica, Oscar Castillo, Oscar Ayca, Luis Lumbreras , and Luis Watanabe M. The Lupaqa Project was assisted by the anthropological faculty of the Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, including its director , Felix Palacios, Juan Bautista Carpio Torres, and Abel Torres Cornejo. Percy Che-Piu Salazar, Julio César Gómez Gamona, and Luis Salas Aronés were very supportive of our project as well. I also gratefully acknowledge the support of Fernando Cabieses and Walter G. Tapia Bueno. For their kindness and hospitality , I thank Percy Calizaya Ch. and family, Fresia Gandarillas S., Moises Sardon P., and the people of Juli, Yacari-Tuntachawi, Sillucani, Inca Pucara, Huaquina , Chatuma, Pomata, and Checca Checca. In 1994, Brian Bauer, Oswaldo Rivera, and I began the Proyecto Tiksi Kjarka on the Island of the Sun, Bolivia. This three-year research program was funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, the Field Museum of Natural History, the University of Illinois at Chicago, Patricia Dodson, Barbara Weinbaum, Beverly Malen, and Robert Donnelly. Johan Reinhard graciously assisted our project on the islands, and I thank him for his collegiality. I also acknowledge the help of the Instituto Nacional de Arqueología and the Secretaría Nacional de Cultura, including Javier Escalante, Carlos Ostermann, Alberto Bailey, and Oswaldo RiA C K N O W L E D G M E N T S X X I I vera S. I returned to survey on the Peruvian side after our work on the Island of the Sun was finished in 1997. The 1997 season was funded by the College of Letters and Sciences at the University of California , Los Angeles. Together with Mark Aldenderfer, Edmundo de la Vega, and Cecília Chávez, we created a new research entity named Programa Collasuyu , a group of scholars who continue to work in the circum-Titicaca region. In 1997, de la Vega and Chávez excavated on Esteves Island outside Puno. I thank them for allowing me access to their data. Luis Vásquez and Mary Vásquez of MILA Tours...


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