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A H M A N S O N • M U R P H Y F I N E A R T S I M P R I N T T H E A H M A N S O N F O U N D A T I O N has endowed this imprint to honor the memory of F R A N K L I N D . M U R P H Y who for half a century served arts and letters, beauty and learning, in equal measureby shaping with a brilliant devotion those institutions upon which they rely. The publisher gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the Ahmanson Foundation Humanities Endowment Fund of the University of California Press Foundation. Absolute Music, Mechanical Reproduction This page intentionally left blank Absolute Music, Mechanical Reproduction arved ashby University of California Press berkeley los angeles london University of California Press, one of the most distinguished university presses in the United States, enriches lives around the world by advancing scholarship in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Its activities are supported by the UC Press Foundation and by philanthropic contributions from individuals and institutions. For more information, visit University of California Press Berkeley and Los Angeles, California University of California Press, Ltd. London, England© 2010 by The Regents of the University of California Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Ashby, Arved Mark. Absolute music, mechanical reproduction / Arved Ashby. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. isbn 978-0-520-26479-3 (cloth, alk. paper) — isbn 978-0-520-26480-9 (pbk., alk. paper) 1. Absolute music. 2. Sound recordings—Social aspects. 3. Music—Philosophy and aesthetics. 4. Performance practice (Music)—History—20th century. I. Title. ML3854.A84 2010 781.49—dc22 2009040742 Manufactured in the United States of America 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 This book is printed on Cascades Enviro 100, a 100% post consumer waste, recycled, de-inked fiber. FSC recycled certified and processed chlorine free. It is acid free, Ecologo certified, and manufactured by BioGas energy. For Gustavo Dudamel, poised to introduce tomorrow to the music of yesterday This page intentionally left blank ...