In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

T H E E L E C T I O N O F T H E J E W S A N D G E N T I L E S c h a p t e r 130 When they all assented, I continued, “Permit me to quote now some passages of Scripture which I have not mentioned earlier. They were spoken in parable by that faithful servant, Moses, and go as follows: Rejoice, you heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him.”1 Then I quoted the rest of the passage as follows: “Rejoice, you Gentiles, with his people; and let all the angels of God be strengthened in him; for he avenges, and will avenge, the blood of his sons; and will render vengeance to his enemies, and will reward these who hate him; and the Lord shall purge the land of his people.2 2. “By these words he indicates that we Gentiles rejoice with his people, I mean, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the prophets, and quite simply every Jew who is pleasing to God, as we have already agreed. But we know that these words do not apply to all members of your race, for Isaiah tells us that the limbs of sinners shall be consumed by the worm and unquenchable fire, but with it all remaining immortal so as to be a spectacle to all flesh.3 3. “Now, gentlemen,” I said, “I wish to bring to your attention some other passages from Moses, from which you will perceive that in the beginning God dispersed all men according to nations and languages, and from all these nations he chose for 196 1. Dt 32.43 (LXX). See Dial. 118; Rom 15.10; Smit Sibinga, 145–47; Skarsaune, 95, 117, 188. 2. Dt 32.43. 3. See Is 66.24; Skarsaune, 67–69, 153, 181, 370, 449–50. himself yours, a useless, disobedient, and faithless nation.4 And he showed that those of every nationality who were chosen have obeyed his will through Christ, whom he calls Jacob, and surnames Israel, so those should also be Jacob and Israel, as I have proved at great length.5 4. “For, when he exclaims, Rejoice, you Gentiles, with his people,6 he gives them a share in a similar legacy and attributes to them a similar name; but by calling them Gentiles, and stating that they rejoice with his people, he does so as a reproach to your nation. For, just as you angered him by your acts of idolatry, so has he deemed them, though they are likewise idolaters, worthy to know his will and to share in his inheritance. c h a p t e r 131 “I will also quote the words which show that God divided up all the nations. Here they are: Ask your father, and he will relate to you; ask your elders, and they will tell you. When the Most High divided the nations; when he spread around the sons of Adam, he set the borders of the nations according to the number of the children of Israel. And the Lord’s own portion was Jacob, and Israel was the share of his inheritance.”7 And, having said that, I added, “In the Septuagint it was translated thus: He set the borders of the nations according to the number of the angels of God. But, since here again my argument is in no way weakened by this difference, I have given your exegesis. 2. “Now you, if you will confess the truth, must admit that we Christians are more faithful to God than you are. For we, who have been called to God by the mystery of the despised and dishonorable cross (for such faith, obedience, and piety we have been punished, even with the death penalty, by the demons and by the host of the Devil, through the service rendered them by you), endure all things rather than deny, even with a word, Christ, through whom we are called to the salvation prepared for us by the Father. The election of the Jews and Gentiles 197 4. See Gn 11.7–9; Dt 32.8; Hos 8.8; Is 30.9; 65.2. 5. See Dial. 125. 6. Dt 32.43. 7. Dt 32.7–9. See Smit Sibinga, 99, 189; Skarsaune, 347–48; Daniélou, 271. 3. “Yet, you were delivered from Egypt by a mighty arm and a visitation of great glory,8 when...


Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.