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M I L L E N N I U M A T T H E E N D O F T H E W O R L D c h a p t e r 80 “Sir,” replied Trypho, “as I already remarked, you steadfastly cling to the Scriptures in all your statements. But, tell me truthfully , do you really believe that this place Jerusalem shall be rebuilt , and do you actually expect that you Christians will one day congregate there to live joyfully with Christ,1 together with the patriarchs, the prophets, the saints of our race, or even those who became proselytes before your Christ arrived? Or did you come to this admission only so that you might seem to prevail over us in the investigations?” 2. And I replied, “Trypho, I am not such a wretch as to say one thing and to think another. I have declared to you earlier2 that, with many others, I feel that such an event will take place. I did, however, point out that there are many pure and pious Christians who do not share our opinion. 3. “Moreover, I also informed you that there are some who are called Christians, but in reality are godless and impious heretics,3 whose doctrines are entirely blasphemous, atheistic, and senseless. However, that you may be assured that I am not making this admission only in your presence, I promise to write up our whole debate as best I can, and there I will inscribe the admission I just made to you, for I do not desire to be a follower of men and their teachings, but of God 4 and his doctrines. 125 1. See Rom 15.10. 2. Perhaps in the missing portion of the Dialogue? 3. See Dial. 35.6. 4. See Acts 5.29. 4. “If you have ever encountered any nominal Christians who do not admit this doctrine, but dare to blaspheme the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob by asserting that there is no resurrection of the dead, but that their souls are taken up to heaven at the very moment of their death, do not consider them to be real Christians; just as one, after careful examination, would not acknowledge as Jews the Sadducees5 or the similar sects of the Genistae, Meristae, Galileans, Hellenians and the Baptist Pharisees6 (please take no offense if I say everything that I think), but would realize that they are Jews and children of Abraham in name only, paying lip service to God, while their heart, as God himself declared, is far from him.7 5. “Whereas I, and all other wholeheartedly orthodox Christians , feel certain that there will be a resurrection of the flesh, followed by a thousand years in the rebuilt, embellished, and enlarged city of Jerusalem, as was announced by the prophets Ezekiel, Isaiah and the others.8 c h a p t e r 81 “Isaiah has spoken concerning this millennium as follows: For there shall be a new heaven and a new earth, and the former shall not be remembered nor come into their heart, but they shall find gladness and joy in it, such as I create. For, behold, I make Jerusalem a rejoicing, and my people a joy; and I shall rejoice over Jerusalem, and be glad over my people. And no more shall the voice of weeping be heard in her, nor the voice of crying; no more shall there be an infant of a few days there, nor an old man who shall not fill out his days; for the child shall die a hundred years old, and the sinner being a hundred years old shall be accursed . 2. “And they shall build houses and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat their fruits, and drink the wine. They shall 126 st. justin martyr 5. The Sadducees denied the resurrection of the body from the dead. See Daniélou, 7. 6. Marcovich, 209, cites a similar catalogue in Hegesippus, apud Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 4.22.7, with relevant literature: D. Gerhenson and G. Quispel , “Meristae,” VigChr 12 (1958): 19–26; M. Black, “The parables as allegory,” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 42 (1959–60): 273–87; M. Simon, Les sectes juives au temps de Jésus (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1960), 74–75. 7. See Is 29.13; Mt 15.8. 8. Ezek 37.12–14. For Isaiah, see Is 65.17...


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