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T H E V I R G I N A L B I R T H c h a p t e r 63 “My friend,” said Trypho, “you have proved your point forcibly and with many arguments. Now prove to us that he condescended to become man by a virgin, in accordance with his Father’s will, and to be crucified, and to die; show us, too, that after rising from the dead he ascended into heaven.” 2. “Gentlemen,” I replied, “I have already demonstrated this from the prophecies previously quoted, but, in order to convince you on this point also, I will repeat and explain those passages for you. Do not these words of Isaiah, Who shall declare his generation? For his life is taken from earth,1 seem to indicate that he, who is said to have been consigned to death by God because of the sins of the people, did not have mere human origin ? Moses, too, in speaking of his blood in a previously quoted parable, said, He shall wash his robe in the blood of the grape,2 since his blood did not originate from human seed but from the will of God.3 3. “And then, there are the words of David: In the brightness of your saints, from the womb before the day star I begot you. The Lord has sworn, and he will not repent: You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchisedek.4 Do not these words signify that from the outset God, the Father of all things, intended him to be begotten again and of a human womb? 97 1. Is 53.8. 2. Gn 49.11. 3. See Jn 1.13. 4. Ps 109 (110).3–4. See Daniélou, 257–58 and J. L. Marshall (cited above, Dial. 19.4 n 3). 4. “In another passage, previously cited, he says: Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; the scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness. You have loved justice and hated iniquity; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellow kings. Myrrh and aloes and cassia perfume your garments from the ivory houses, whereby they have made you glad. King’s daughters are in your honor. The queen stood at your right hand, in gilded clothing, surrounded with variety. Hearken, O daughter and see, and incline your ear, and forget your people and your father’s house. And the king shall greatly desire your beauty, for he is your Lord and him you shall adore.5 5. “These words also show clearly that the one who made all these things testified that he is to be worshipped as both God and Christ. They further show that the Word of God speaks to those who believe in him (who are of one soul and one synagogue and one church) as to a daughter, namely, to the church, which was established by and partakes in his name (for we all are called Christians). That this is so, and that we are instructed to forget the ancient customs of our ancestors, the following words imply: Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline your ear, and forget your people and your father’s house. And the king shall greatly desire your beauty, for he is your Lord, and him you shall adore.6 c h a p t e r 64 “Let you who are of Gentile origin,” said Trypho, “who are all named Christians after Christ, profess him to be Lord and Christ and God, as the Scriptures signify. But we Jews, who adore the God who made him, are not obliged to confess or worship him.” 2. “Trypho,” I replied, “if I were as contentious and emptyheaded as you, I would have discontinued this discussion long ago, for you make no effort to understand my arguments, but only rack your brain to make any kind of reply. But now, in fear of God’s judgment, I shall not be bold enough to state whether or not any one of your race, by the grace7 of the Lord of Sabaoth, may be saved. Even though you continue to quibble, I shall continue to answer whatever difficulty or objection you advance as I 98 st. justin martyr 5. Ps 44 (45).7–13. See Dial. 38. 6. Ps 44 (45).11–12. 7. For a detailed analysis of all instances of cavri" in the Dialogue, see N. Pycke...


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