Index
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I n d e x advertising, 22, 132–35 Advertising the American Dream (Marchand ), 134 African American actors, 72, 73–74; Macbeth , 77, 164nn23, 26; racist reviews of, 77–78; roles available to, 106–7; whiteness, presentation of, 79–80. See also Negro Units African Americans, 6; barred from education , 95, 99–100; black bodies, portrayal of, 75–79; black mammy stereotype , 18–19, 84; children, portrayal of, 74–75, 83, 101–2; complementary racial contributions, 81–82; denied Americanness, 77, 91; minstrelsy negates fear of, 76–77, 91; New Negro philosophy, 80; otherness and, 76–77; portrayed in plays, 18–20; surplus symbolic value, 77. See also minstrelsy ; Negro Units Afro American, 71 “All-American Minstrels,” 25 allegory, 1, 54, 57–59, 58–59, 66, 69–70 Allen, Alfred, 102 amateur groups, 14, 23 American Communist Party, 6, 9–10; National Textile Workers’ Union, 38–41. See also communism American Dream, 30 American Federation of Labor, 31 American Review, 113 Americanism, 6, 30–31, 113–14 Americanness, as innocent, 118–19 anti-fascism, 4, 6, 20–21, 108–10, 124–25, 140–42 anti-lynching movement, 19, 75, 141 Appiah, Anthony, 81 Arent, Arthur, 56 Aries, Philippe, 29 Artef Theatre (Arbeiter Teater Verband), 47, 157n16 Association of Junior Leagues of America, 27, 101 Atkinson, Brooks, 17, 45–46, 55, 66, 68, 70; Macbeth, review of, 77; support of Federal Theatre Project, 155n6 audience, 4, 9, 23, 129, 155n5; adult/child perceptual binary, 48; adults, 26, 129; African American, 80; age groups, 24– 25; education of children, 5, 16, 25–28, 142; free admission, 25, 114, 142; for Pinnocchio, 129; segregated, 19–20; 188 Index  · 189 surveys of, 25, 48, 158n23; venues, 18, 26. See also children’s theatre Babar books, 85 Baby, Take a Bow, 109 Bannerman, Helen, 18–20, 81, 83, 166n40 Baum, L. Frank, 159n36 Beard, Charles, 113 Bedard, Roger L., 27 behaviorism, 133–34 Benjamin, Walter, 147–48 Bentley, Joanne, 155–56n9 Beveridge, Albert J., 32–34 Big White Fog (Ward), 73 Biggs, Howard, 73 The Bitter Cry of the Children (Spargo), 34 Black Legion, 113 Black Nationalism, 99 Blackface, White Noise (Rogin), 68–69 Blackstone Theatre, 114 Blitzstein, Marc, 1, 155–56n9 Blueprints for a Black Federal Theatre (Fraden), 73, 165n35 Boas, Franz, 42 body, social, 32 Boskin, Joseph, 84, 91 Brer Rabbit and the Tar Baby, 18–19, 24, 73–74, 102–4 Brooklyn Eagle, 77 Browder, Earl, 6 Brown, Lorraine, 48, 144 Brown, Theodore, 73 Bruskin, Perry, 47 Brussell, Judith, 150n20, 156n11 Bufano, Remo, 25 Bunk, Bullets, and Babies, 21 Burke, Kenneth, 2, 30 Burnett, Frances Hodgson, 110, 173nn44, 45 Call It Sleep (Roth), 56 capitalism, 1, 5–6, 37, 40, 143–44; in Revolt of the Beavers, 55, 60, 64, 66, 68–70 Carnera, Primo, 98–99 Carolina Spinner, A (Hines), 33, 37 casting, 23–24 Catholic Right, 113 censorship, 1, 3, 14, 145; The Cradle Will Rock, 16–17; The Revolt of the Beavers , 16–17, 45–46 Centuries of Childhood (Aries), 29 Chicago Federal Theatre Project, 114 Chicago Negro Unit, 74–75, 81–91 “Chief Aderholt” (Wiggins), 40 child: body of, 135–36; changing social value of, 28–42, 49, 66, 128, 141–42; class issues and, 28–32; cultural power of figure of, 50; economic hardship and rhetoric of, 110–11; goodness of, 118, 131; ideal citizen, 111–12, 115, 121; as innocent, 28, 54, 70, 117–19, 121, 125, 128, 171n33; morality, sense of, 21, 48, 54, 118; as morally unfixed, 133; parent–child relations, role in, 131–32; sacralization of, 30, 34; in sentimental and reform fiction, 122–23; as site of hope, 5, 55, 115, 133, 146–47; tenement world, 56–57, 160–61n42, 160n39; universalization of, 30, 34, 37, 41, 49–50, 102, 109; as victimized, 28, 37, 40 child actors, 24, 114 child laborers: machine ideology and, 34–36; songs about, 38–40; visual representations of, 29, 33, 34–37, 39, 41. See also working class child psychology, 133–34, 136 children: active choices of, 50; African American, 74–75, 83, 101–2; civic responsibility toward, 31–32; effect of hard labor on, 29, 31–34, 33; experiential nature of learning, 28; immigrant, 30–31; Nazi portrayal of, 109–11, 114; as peace-seeking, 114–15; political consciousness, 54–55; representations of, 5, 30; state, relation to, 110–12, 114, 124, 127; storytelling equated with, 50–52 Children’s Autumn Festival, 25 190  · Index Children’s Educational Theatre, 27 children’s theatre, 4–5...


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