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Notes ..-...'....--.......--=---------------~.......Abbreviations and Acronyms In addition to the abbreviations and acronyms found in the text, the following are used in the notes: Beecher Testimony Dillingham Commission, Recent Immigrants in Agriculture FLSC Local 56 Papers NARA NDMH NYT RG Robinson and Horne, "Florida Migratory Workers" John Beecher, Testimony before the Civil LibertiesCommittee , May 15,16,1940. Box 9, file AD-124, region 5, migratory labor, 1940, Record Group 96, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. U.S. Senate, Immigration Commission. Report of the Immigration Commission. Pt. 24, vols. 21 and 22, Recent Immigrants in Agriculture. 61 st Cong., 2d and 3d sess. S. Doc. 633. Washington , D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911. Farm Labor Supply Center Local 56 of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen Papers National Archives and Records Administration , Washington, D.C. U.S. House ofRepresentatives. Select Committee Investigating National Defense Migration. Hearings. 77th Cong., 2d sess. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1943. New York Times Record Group Robinson, Aubrey Clyde, and Glenore Fisk Horne. "Florida Migratory Workers." Confidential report to the resettlement administrator ,June 1937. Box 9, file AD-124, region 5, migratory labor, 1940, Record Group 96, National Archives and Records Administration , Washington, D.C. Schachter, "Report" Tolan Hearings Schachter, Leon B. "Report on the First Organized Migration of Union Labor through the Cooperation of Local 56 and the Southern Tenant Farmers' Union during the Summer of 1944, as a Possible Solution to the Problem of Migratory Seasonal Labor in the Canning Industry , and as a Means of Organization." Nov. 19, 1944, #3472, box 52,folder 963, Southern Tenant Farmers' Union Papers, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill, N.C. U.S. House ofRepresentatives. Select Committee to Investigate the Interstate Migration of Destitute Citizens (Tolan Committee). Hearings before the Select Committee to Investigate the Interstate Migration of Destitute Citizens. 76th Cong., 3d sess., 1940-41. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1941. Introduction 1. This description is taken almost verbatim from Lawrence E. Will, self-proclaimed "cracker historian," but with references to "jigaboos" and "young bucks" excised from the account. See Will, Swamp to Sugar Bowl, pp. 189-93. See also Robinson and Horne, "Florida Migratory Workers." 2. Will, Swamp to Sugar Bowl; Beecher Testimony, pp. 23-24. 3. Will, Swamp to Sugar Bowl. 4. The best known of these authors are the economist Paul Taylor and his student Carey McWilliams. In On the Ground in the Thirties, Taylor wrote up the research he did as an expert witness for the 1939 LaFollette hearings, which documented the exploitation of farmworkers on the West Coast. McWilliams, who assisted in that inquiry, probably reached a wider audience with his Factories in theField and IllFares the Land. Author ofseveral books, including the brilliantly titled Spiders in the House and Workers in theField, Ernesto Galarza was a farm labor unionist in California. See also Moore, Slaves We Rent; Dale Wright, They Harvest Despair; and, more recently,Jones, The Dispossessed, pp. 167-204. 5. See, for example, Radosh and Rothbard, New History ofLeviathan. 6. Polantzas, Political Power and Social Classes; Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions . 7. Tomlins, The State and the Unions, pp. xiii-xiv. 8. Skocpol, "Political Responses to Capitalist Crisis" and Protecting Soldiers and Mothers; Finegold, "From Agrarianism to Adjustment"; Hooks, "From an Autonomous to a Captured State Agency." 9. Linda Gordon, Pitied but Not Entitled; Gilbert and Howe, "Beyond 'State vs. Society.' " 206 NOTES TO PAGES 3-9 10. On the relationship between the state and white supremacy, see, for example , Quadagno, Transformation of Old Age Social Security and Color of Welfare. On the gendered nature of the Social Security Act, see the extended Internet debate on H-State between April 19 and April 24, 1995. 1 1. Calavita makes this point clearly in Inside the State. 12. The symbiotic relationship between the USDA and the American Farm Bureau Federation has been well documented by Gladys L. Baker, County Agent; Campbell, Farm Bureau and the New Deal; and McConnell, Decline of Agrarian Democracy. 13. Other historians have already demonstrated the problems caused by a federal department ofagriculture so intimately tied to growers' lobbies. See, for example, McConnell, Decline ofAgrarian Democracy, and Campbell, Farm Bureau and the New Deal. 14. Miriam Cohen, e-mail communication, Aug. 5, 1994, H-State list. 15. See, for example, Edward Berkowitz's critique of those who focus exclusively on race and gender when discussing the state, Apr. 19, 1995, H-State list, Internet. Chapter One 1. Wolf...


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