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A Chronological Bibliography of E. D. E. N. Southworth’s Works Privileging Periodical Publication Melissa J. Homestead and Vicki L. Martin Introduction and Rationale Previous attempts at a comprehensive bibliography of E. D. E. N. Southworth’s fiction have organized her works alphabetically by book title or chronologically by book publication date.1 Serialization information—if included at all—is subordinated to book entries or listed separately. These bibliographic conventions better suit authors who published fewer novels than Southworth did and/or did not routinely serialize their works. As a result, earlier bibliographies have caused confusion about the size and chronology of Southworth’s body of work. Adding to the confusion, her book publisher T. B. Peterson arbitrarily broke many of her novels that appeared in serial form under a single title into separately titled volumes; even more confusingly, he sometimes retitled these novels yet again in later editions without referencing the former titles.2 Organizing our bibliography chronologically by first publication (which is most often, but not always, periodical publication), we make an accurate count of the number of novels she wrote possible. Although this number—just under fifty—is lower than others’ estimates and does not include her short fiction, it is still substantial, representing more than a novel a year during the four decades Southworth actively wrote fiction.3 In compiling this bibliography, we used previous bibliographies as a starting point but strove, whenever possible, to examine for ourselves Southworth’s fiction as published serially in periodicals and in book form, whether on paper, on microfilm, or in digital format. Even a few years ago, before the advent of many searchable digital book and periodical archives, this bibliography would have been less comprehensive. Notably, however, the “story papers” (weekly magazines 286 Melissa J. Homestead and Vicki L. Martin in newspaper format) in which Southworth serialized most of her fiction have yet to be comprehensively microfilmed or digitized. A Reese Fellowship in Bibliography allowed Homestead to spend a month in residence at the American Antiquarian Society (AAS), which owns the premier collection of story papers. Also important were visiting the Free Library of Philadelphia (which holds the only complete run of the Saturday Evening Post from the 1850s) and the Copyright Office at the Library of Congress, and securing digital photographs of Southworth items from the Friend of Youth from the University of Southern Mississippi Library .4 Our indebtedness to Paul Jones is also great. He pointed us to many items about Southworth, directed us to Southworth’s nonfiction “letters” to the Saturday Evening Post and Pittsburgh Saturday Visiter, and located many of Southworth’s later newspaper writings based on our research in the Copyright Office. The bibliography would be shorter and less accurate without his contributions. Even with access to a wealth of resources, we have not attempted true comprehensiveness . We do not, for instance, track every book edition of Southworth’s novels. Instead, we focus on first book publication and selected subsequent editions , primarily those issued during the active years of Southworth’s career. We have tracked British serializations in the London Journal and related periodicals because of Southworth’s relationship with the paper’s proprietor, George Stiff, and because (as we discuss below) these serializations were sometimes earlier than the American ones. However, we have not attempted to track British book editions . And, finally, we have not attempted to account for textual differences between various editions or attribute responsibility for variations, although in the course of our research, it has become clear that Southworth did revise many of her serials for book publication. In addition to enabling an accurate count of Southworth’s novels, our chronological approach allows us to present a new biographical narrative of Southworth’s career, including a more comprehensive picture of her relationships with editors and publishers. The American Antiquarian Society recently acquired several issues of the Baltimore Saturday Visiter, in which Southworth’s published fiction first appeared in 1847. In several autobiographical statements Southworth mentions publishing in the Visiter, but no issues of the paper were known. Their recovery enables us to present the bibliographic details of what is likely Southworth’s first publication, “August Vacations, or Flittings in the Country, A Tale of Real Life,” later collected and retitled “The Irish Refugee.” Appearing as by “A Lady of Washington,” it is, to our knowledge, the only work she chose to publish anonymously. Shortly after it appeared, the Visiter ceased publication, selling its subscription list to the National Era.5...


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