Index
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Achilles, 33–34 actors: undergarments of, 104; and imitation , 198–99, 230–31 Admetus, 12, 213, 221 Aeneas, 34, 110, 137, 148, 200–211, 215–16, 218, 220–24, 231, 250 alimentary code, 48 Amelethus, 45, 62–63, 68–69, 71–76 Amleth. See Amelethus Amphitruo: reception of, 176 Amphitryon, 103, 171–72, 176–78, 182, 186–87, 191–92, 240, 251–52 Andromache, 137, 200–208, 211, 213–20, 222–23 animals: as argumenta, 245–47; crocodile, 245–46; dog, 57–58; donkey (onos), 246; “face” of, 135–36, 139n36; he-goat (hircus), 55–56; ibis, 7–9; ram (aries), 43, 51–56, 76; serpent, 57, 60, 246–47; sheep (ovis), 52–53; speaking, 57; as symbols of language, 7–10; as symbols of stupidity, 50–58, 77; weasel, 7–10, 37; wether (vervex), 55. See also dogs; wolf Apollo, 9, 33–34, 38, 64–65, 109, 247 apologue, 253–54 aposiopesis, 20, 24 appearance, physical: and identity, 155–57; imitation of, 148, 152–53, 175–77, 198–99, 230–32; and sight, 132–34; vocabulary of, 158–68, 191. See also resemblance arguere: etymology of, 242–44 argumentosus, 248n45 argumentum: of fables, 253–54; in iconography , 244–47; ingens, 248–49; of a play, 251–52; of a work of art, 248–52 argūtus: meaning of, 231–32; etymology of, 243–44 Arruns, 57–61, 75–77 Ascanius, 148, 193–94, 208, 215–18, 231 aspectus, 133–34, 152, 167 Assmann, 113, 116–19 Astyanax, 215–17 auctoritas: and mos, 101–3, 128–30 Augustine, 79, 213–14 barbarians, 88–89, 95, 121 behavior: and mos, 94–101, 104–6, 113, 117, 125–29 275 Index 276 Index Benveniste, Émile, 5, 22–23, 101, 162, 225, 243 birth: through the mouth, 7–8; or ears, 37 Brutus: as animal, 50–58; and false identification , 46–50; portrait of, 49–50; and riddling, 58–70; and stumbling, 75–83; and stupidity, 42–46 brutus: meaning of, 43, 50–52, 57, 64 Buthrotum, 210–211 Caesar, 72, 78, 82–83, 101, 121, 129, 226, 234 Calvisius Sabinus, 28–30 caricature. See imitation Chateaubriand, René de, 222–23 Cinder Boy, 61, 68, 76 Circe, 190–93 Claudius, 44, 57, 76, 139 cognitio. See identity communication: and Hermes, 6–14, 39; interruption of, 21–26; between living and dead, 26–27; localization of, 3–4; and memory, 29–39; metaphors of, 7–9; and silence, 14–21 commutare. See transformation consensus: and mos, 97–102, 103–13, 123–26 consuetudo, 98–103, 107–8, 118, 128, 135 conversation, 12–28 cornus (cornel), 64–67 cosmetics, 152–54 Creusa, 208, 216 cultural models, 48, 95–96, 109, 131–34, 138–39, 142, 194 cultural relativism, 87–96. See also ethnocentrism cultures, “hot”/“cold,” 113 Cupid, 126, 136–37, 150–51, 193 customs. See mos, mores Darius, 91–93 death: and doubles, 185–86, 196–99, 225–37; and memory, 26–30, 193; and silence, 11–13 deception, 148–51 desiderium, 219–21, 233 devil: in proverbs, 15–19 Dido, 148, 193, 205, 218 divination, 4–6. See also klēdōn dogs: and Hermes, 14; sacrifice of, 67n162. See also animals Doppelgänger. See doubles Dostoyevsky, Fyodor, 177n21, 179n28, 184–86 doubles: ancient and modern, 194–96; “aristocratic,” 196–99, 226–33; of city, 207–13; and comedy, 172–73; and honos, 235–37; and identity, 174–80; and memory, 222–24; and telepathy, 173–74; and transformation , 184–92 dreams: Tarquin’s, 43, 51–52, 56–57; of falling, 81–82; and Morpheus, 136; and transformation, 194–95 ears, 4, 6–9; ringing in, 16–17, 25; and memory, 36–39 effigies, 154; as “artificial image,” 164–65, 221; and funerary practice, 225–29 emotions, 139–40, 146–49 Encolpius, 238–40 ethnocentrism, 87–88, 94, 119–21. See also cultural relativism Eumolpus, 238–39 exempla: and memory, 115–19 eyes: and argutus, 231, 243; as locus of soul, 143–47 (Quintus) Fabius (Maximus Cunctator), 52–53 fables, 61, 70, 74, 80, 83; argumentum of, 253–54 face: as expression of interiority (vultus), 139–60; Greek concept of, 132–33; and identity, 136–39, 150–54, 167–68, 236; as locus of speech (os), 134–38, 144; as manufactured image, 159–62; as natural features (facies), 141–43, 148, 151–54. See also appearance , physical facies. See face Index 277 falling. See stumbling figs: bitter (grossuli), 46–50; in proverb, 18, 21–26 folktales, 41–42, 45–46, 48–49, 54...


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