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Index Page numbers in italic refer to illustrations. Adams, Michael C. C., 29–30 Advertising. See Publicity campaigns of USO African American servicemen: ages of men visiting USO clubs, 30, 187 (n. 87); attitudes of, toward USO, 7; in Australia, 215 (n. 89); and dancing, 53–54, 137, 152–57; dating by, 213 (n. 54); discrimination against, 8–9, 15–17, 93–94, 155– 56; in Hawaii, 153; and integration of USO clubs, 8–9, 17, 47, 54, 55, 155; morale of, 81–82, 93–94; pinups for, 74– 75; recreation for, 93–94; rudeness of, toward junior hostesses, 93; sexual encounters by, 112; as sexual threat to white women, 155–56; training camps for and location of, 9, 93–94; USO clubs for, 16–18, 36, 53–56, 81–82, 93–94, 155; and venereal disease (VD), 129–31 African American women: arrest of, in Georgia, 10; beauty of, 45; and bourgeois standards of respectability and morality, 65, 137; as clubwomen, 56–57; employment of, as domestic servants, 18; pinups of, 74–75; as prostitutes, 130; racial justice work by, 56–58; sexuality of, 9–10, 48, 65; as USO junior hostesses, 10, 46– 47, 53–58, 64–65, 153, 155; as USO senior hostesses, 16–17, 36; and USOs for African American servicemen, 16–17; and venereal disease (VD), 129–31; wartime employment for, 18, 53 Afro-American News, 54 Age: of servicemen visiting USO clubs, 30– 31, 35, 187 (n. 87); of USO junior hostesses , 32, 58–59 Airborne Angel Cadets of Texas, 174–75 Alabama clubs. See specific cities Alcohol consumption, 28–30, 50, 78, 99, 186 (n. 83) All Girl Orchestras, 142 Alsop, Gulielma, 162 American Bureau of Public Relations, 154 American Revolution, 42 American Social Hygiene Association (ASHA), 27, 106–11, 122, 205 (n. 11) Anderson, Edgar B., 74 Anderson, Rosemary, 121 Anti-Semitism, 9, 166–67 Arizona clubs. See specific cities Arms and the Girl (McBride), 15 Armstrong, Audrey, 80–81, 106, 121, 126, 133 Armstrong, Mildred, 106 Armstrong, William, 106 Army. See African American servicemen; Servicemen; Servicewomen Army and Navy Special Services Division, 85, 184–85 (n. 53) Army chaplains, 23 Army hostesses, 85–86, 199 (n. 46) Army Service Clubs, 85–86, 184–85 (n. 53) Asaff, Janis, 58–59 Asbury Park, N.J., club, 95, 149 ASHA. See American Social Hygiene Association Asian Americans, 55, 65–66 Assyia, Sylvia, 70 Austin, Tex., club, 20 Australia, 215 (n. 89) Back, Les, 154 Bailey, Beth, 114, 126 Balbo, Laura, 4, 12, 26 ★ 242 ★ INDEX Baldridge, Don, 171–72 Baldridge, Larry, 135–36, 137, 171–72 Baltimore Afro-American News, 54 Baltimore clubs: African American hostesses at, 54; during Christmas season, 38; dances at, 38, 139, 141, 148, 152; dress code for junior hostesses at, 68, 71; friendliness of junior hostesses at, 85; and Girls Service Organization (GSO), 49, 102; junior captains at, 101; junior hostesses at, 47; marital status of hostesses at, 59; and merchant marines, 180 (n. 4); and outings to private homes, 200 (n. 64); and rule against hostesses leaving club with servicemen, 119; selection of junior hostesses at, 49 Banner, Lois, 32 Beauty. See Femininity and beauty Beauty contests, 72–73, 173, 174 Becktell, Russell, 87–88, 118–19 Bentley, Amy, 37 Berlin, Irving, 38 Bill, William Y., Jr., 157 Birmingham, Ala., club, 103, 125, 146 Birth control. See Contraceptives Birthday parties, 37, 187 (n. 105) Birth rates, 168 Blacks. See African American servicemen; African American women Blanding, Sarah, 199 (n. 46) Bliss, Anna, 37 Blough, Pearl Case, 62, 63 Boston clubs: African American hostesses at, 55–58; for African American servicemen , 55–56; awards for hostesses at, 104; chaperones for dances at, 147; dances at, 77–78, 147, 149, 156–57; dress code for junior hostesses at, 69–70; games at, 97; segregation of, 55–57; for servicewomen, 217 (n. 122); sex ratio at, 149, 157 Brandt, Allan, 110 Brawley, Calif., club, 163 Bristow, Nancy, 111 Britain, 154–55, 165, 218 (n. 134) Brooks, Carol, 147 Brothels. See Prostitution Brown, Nancy, 1, 45, 46, 67–68, 75, 83, 96 Brumberg, Joan Jacobs, 66 Bryant, Ozell E., 74–75 Burbank, Calif., club, 80–81, 106, 121 Burris, Norma, 163 Bush, Prescott S., 84–85 Byko, Barbara, 77 California clubs. See specific cities Campbell, D’Ann, 13, 84 Campbell, Helen, 20 Campbell, Peggy, 103, 125, 133, 169, 170 Carey, Drew, 176 Carroll, Helen, 151 Carson, Norma, 124 Catholic Church, 47–48, 103, 131, 166. See also National...

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