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239 Index action-adventure films, 83–84 action films: compared to video games, 219n. 8; as genre, 82–85; heroes of, 85, 97–98; profitability of, 218n. 1; thematic focus in, 95; violence as key tool in achieving victory, 99. See also pure action films; individual film titles action-horror films, 193 action vs. diplomacy, in reactionary revenge films, 111 action vs. violence, 81–83 Adams, Eddie, 36 advertising: for Cat People, 221n. 3; in Fangoria, 168; for Gremlins, 190; for horror films produced by major studios , 140–41, 178; for horror films released without rating, 148; for Simpson/Bruckheimer films, 93–94 aesthetics of violence, 46 affect, defined by Hawkins, 161 African American filmmakers, 211 All Quiet on the Western Front (Milestone ), 26–27 Altman, Rick, 155, 171–72 Altman, Robert, 9, 24, 108 American culture, 1–2, 18, 34–37, 53, 114, 171 American Gigolo (Milius), 11, 221n. 3 American International Pictures, 65 American patriotism, Rambo as prototype for, 115–16 American Werewolf in London, An (Landis ), 11–12, 215n. 3 (intro.) Amistad (Spielberg), 209–10 Analysis Releasing, 221n. 9 ancillary markets, 92 Andromeda Strain, 223n. 11 Angels from Hell, 108 Ansen, David, 190, 222n. 7 antiheroes, 85 Antonioni, Michelangelo, 33 Apocalypse Now (Coppola), 48, 107–8, 218n. 2 Appeals Board, 13, 145–46, 180–81 Arbuckle, Roscoe “Fatty,” 56–57 Arkoff, Samuel Z., 65 Arnold, Gary, 178, 181 art cinema, and screen violence, 207 assassinations, 7, 35 Attanasio, Paul, 115 audience, as concept in film studies, 14–15 audiences: and American heroism in Vietnam, 113; composition of, in 1968, 36; concerns about screen violence, 12–13; and film industry recession, 40; functions of moviegoing for, 14; graying of, 16; of horror films, 137, 153–55; of 1980s, 15; primary, of summer movie season, 184; punishment of, 46; and pure action films, 81; Reagan-era, 91; studio disconnects with, 57–58, 64; teenage, 137, 142, 170, 202–3; young, 15, 39–40 auteurs, 23–24, 73, 80, 93–95, 165–69 Bad Lieutenant (Ferrara), 209 Balboa, Rocky (char.), 99 Italicized page numbers indicate photographs. Film characters are indicated by (char.) following the character’s name. Kendrick Index.indd 239 2/5/09 7:46:23 AM INDEX 240 Bart, Peter, 86, 89 basic training, in Full Metal Jacket, 128–30 Basket Case, 221n. 9 Beals, Jennifer, 140 Beatty, Warren, 46 Beckerman, Barry, 86–90 Bell, Arthur, 58–59 Benton, Robert, 3, 46 Bettleheim, Bruno, 183 Beverly Hills Cop (Simpson/Bruckheimer ), 19, 96–97, 103–4 Beverly Hills Cop II (Simpson/Bruckheimer ), 96–97, 102 Beyond the Valley of the Dolls (Meyer), 41 Big Heat, The, 29 Big Red One, The (Fuller), 223n. 8 Birkland, Thomas, 54 Birth of a Nation, The (Griffith), 26 Black Cauldron, The (Disney), 183 Black Knight sequence in Monty Python and the Holy Grail, 173–74 Black Sunday (Frankenheimer), 12 Blade Runner (Scott), 18, 76 blind bidding, 217n. 3 blockbusters: aesthetic of, 4; as formula for success, 40–42, 52; genres of, 82–83; in horror genre, 139–40; and PG ratings, 188–89; and PG-13 ratings , 203; safety of, 10 Blood Feast (Lewis), 43 blood squibs, in Bonnie and Clyde, 46–47 Blow-up (Antonioni), 33 Blue Thunder, 84 Bluhdorn, Charles, 143 Body Double (De Palma), 70 Bogdanovich, Peter, 24 Bonham, Joe, 162 Bonnie and Clyde (Penn), 38–39, 43, 45–47 Border Incident, 29 Born on the Fourth of July (Stone), 133, 206 Boxcar Bertha (Scorsese), 49 box-office bombs, 40–41 box-office returns. See profitability Boys in Company C, The, 107 Braddock, James (char.), 112, 113 Brest, Martin, 94 Bride, The, 140 Britton, Andrew, 137 Broccoli, Albert R. “Cubby,” 91, 219n. 7 Bruckheimer, Jerry, 91–95, 215n. 2 (intro .). See also Simpson/Bruckheimer films Brute Force, 29, 30 Burman, Tom, 167 Burstyn v. Wilson, 33 Caine, Michael, 65 Canby, Vincent: on Blue Thunder, 84; on Gremlins, 190; on Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, 188; on New Hollywood screen violence, 48; on Rambo: First Blood Part II, 115, 220n. 5; on Red Dawn, 88–89 Cannon Group, Inc., 113, 219–20n. 2 CARA. See Classification and Rating Administration (CARA) Carabatsos, James, 118 Carpenter, John, 140 Carrie (De Palma), 50 Casualties of War (De Palma), 111, 124, 132–33 Catch-22 (Nichols), 52 Cat People (Schrader), 141, 221n. 3 censorship, 27–28, 77, 139, 147. See also self-censorship character identification, loss of, in action films, 85 Chariots of Fire...


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