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Notes Preface 1. See Bruhm and Hurley’s Curiouser and Curiouser, which discusses the pre-sexual/ heterosexual character of mainstream depictions of children. 2. As I note in an article for the upcoming collection International Perspectives in Feminist Ecocriticism (ed. Simon Estok, Greta Gaard, and Serpil Oppermann), Edelman often takes to task figures such as Cornel West, without contextualizing their arguments in terms of their anti-racist and anti-classist efforts. 3. Catriona Sandilands asked such questions in her classic essay “Lavender’s Green? Some Thoughts on Queer(y)ing Environmental Politics.” Chapter 1. Introduction 1. SeeNoëlSturgeon’s EnvironmentalismandPopularCulture,whichextensivelydiscusses the processes of naturalization when it comes to gender, sexuality, environment, and other categories. 2. See, for instance, Halberstam’s most recent book, The Queer Art of Failure, which features on its cover a photograph of a dead embryonic bird. 3. Similarly, as Michael Snediker observes, “Even as Butler and Bersani [chief among those arbiters of “queer pessimism”] have positioned their work in the context of AIDS, hate-crimes, and other lived domains of crisis, their work, with telling insistence, often depends on abstraction, on metaphor” (12). 4. This problem is explained—or, perhaps, enabled—by the fact that, as Robert L. Caserio notes in relationship to Tim Dean’s work, “Edelman, or the antisocial thesis generally, does not distinguish structural claims about the unconscious from empirical claims about culture” (820). 5. Here, I particularly appreciate Dianne Chisholm’s observation that “[i]f No Future benefits queer desire by giving it an easy target and a sado-aesthetic armature of Seymour_Strange.indd 187 2/4/13 10:29 AM ­ deployment, it disdains any attempt to rethink queer desire with respect to ecology’s larger-than-pro-life crises” (377). 6. We also noted that these images promote what Sandilands has called “motherhood enviromentalism” (The Good-Natured Feminist xiii): a consumerist ideology that puts the environmental health and safety of children in the hands of middle-class mothers—and finds them at fault when things go wrong. 7. See John M. Broder’s article “BP Shortcuts Led to Gulf Oil Spill,” New York Times, September 14, 2011, at 8. British newspaper The Guardian reported this comment on June 1, 1992. 9. Here, Berlant is writing of one of the poor black characters in Charles R. Johnson’s short story “Exchange Value.” 10. For better or worse, I am the author of the piece that uses the term “ecocriticism.” 11. For example, Edward Abbey and Dave Foreman have spoken out against immigration . See Chapter 3, where I also discuss Christopher Manes’s cynical celebration of the AIDS crisis. 12. Various examples of essentialist and/or broadly universalist versions of ecofeminism abound. To take just one, Karen M. Fox argues in an essay titled “Leisure: Celebration and Resistance in the Ecofeminist Quilt,” “leisure is an important segment of women’s lives for connecting with nature and reaffirming themselves and their relationships with nature” (155). To be fair, much ecofeminist work concentrates on the ways in which women and non-human nature have been similarly positioned—and thus how this positioning (and not necessarily some innate essence) may allow women to relate to non-human nature. See, for example, Carol J. Adams’s The Pornography of Meat. 13. Morton claims that “[m]uch American ecocriticism is a vector for various masculinity memes, including rugged individualism, a phallic authoritarian sublime, and an allergy to femininity in all its forms” (274). 14. See Paul Dourish’s “Points of Persuasion: Strategic Essentialism and Environmental Sustainability” and J. Proctor’s “The Social Construction of Nature: Relativist Accusations, Pragmatist and Critical Realist Responses.” 15. That is, Mazel’s American Literary Environmentalism is intent upon proving not that there is no such thing as, say, Yosemite the physical place, but rather that beliefs about what Yosemite is, represents, and can be, along with ideals of race, class, and nationalism , shape our encounters with that entity. 16. Buell observes that “for first-wave ecocriticism, ‘environment’ effectively meant ‘natural environment.’ In practice if not in principle, the realms of the ‘natural’ and the ‘human’ looked more disjunct than they have come to seem for more recent environmental critics” (The Future 21)—whom Buell considers part of a “second wave.” It should be noted that environmental historians such as Ramachandra Guha and Philip Shabecoff have identified three waves of environmentalism; arguably, second-wave ecocriticism emerges around the third wave of environmentalism...