restricted access Bibliography
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

Bibliography manuscripts and unpublished primary sources Albemarle County Courthouse, Charlottesville, Va. Chancery Order Books Deed Books Law Order Books Marriage Registers Minute Books Order Books Record of Marriage Bonds Surveyor’s Books Will Books Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville Ballenger Creek Baptist Church Papers Central Gazette (Charlottesville newspaper) Chestnut Grove Baptist Church Minute Book Jeffersonian Republican (Charlottesville newspaper) Memoirs of Thomas J. C. Fagg Mountain Plain Baptist Church, Record of the Church Minister Mount Edd Baptist Church Minute Book Papers of John Kelly, 1812–1838 Philena Carkin Papers, 1866–1902 Recollections of Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Jr. Stony Point Store Ledger United States Population Census—Virginia, 1790, 1810–1860 Virginia Advocate (Charlottesville newspaper) Library of Virginia, Richmond Albemarle County, Auditor of Public Accounts Records Albemarle County Chancery Causes Albemarle County Court Commonwealth Causes Albemarle County Court Records, Claims and Accounts Albemarle County Court Records, Military and Pension, 1785–1919 Albemarle County, Delinquent Free Negroes 246 Bibliography Albemarle County, Ended Chancery Causes—Circuit Superior Court Albemarle County Judgments Albemarle County Land Tax Books Albemarle County, Legislative Petitions Albemarle County—Old Papers, Orphans’ Indentures Albemarle County Personal Property Tax Books Albemarle County, Registration and Certificates of Free Negroes Virginia Baptist Historical Society, Richmond Hardware Baptist Church Minute Book Sharon Baptist Church Record Spring Hill Baptist Church Record Other Unpublished Materials Vernon, Robert. “The Free Black Population of Albemarle County, Virginia, 1744– 1865.” Unpublished partial draft guide to county records concerning free blacks, 1995. other primary and secondary sources Abercrombie, Janice L. Free Blacks of Louisa County, Virginia. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Co., 1994. Alexander, Adele Logan. Ambiguous Lives: Free Women of Color in Rural Georgia, 1789–1879. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1991. Allen, Theodore W. The Invention of the White Race, Volume 1: Racial Oppression and Social Control. London: Verso, 1994. ———. The Invention of the White Race, Volume 2: The Origin of Racial Oppression in Anglo-America. London: Verso, 1997. Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts. New York, 1943. Babcock, Theodore Stoddard. “Manumission in Virginia, 1782–1806.” Master’s thesis, University of Virginia, 1974. Bardaglio, Peter. Reconstructing the Household: Families, Sex, and the Law in the Nineteenth-Century South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995. Barden, John Randolph. “‘Flushed with Notions of Freedom’: The Growth and Emancipation of a Virginia Slave Community, 1732–1812.” PhD dissertation, Duke University, 1993. Bay, Mia. The White Image in the Black Mind: African-American Ideas about White People, 1830–1925. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Bear, James A. “The Hemings Family at Monticello.” Virginia Cavalcade 29 (Autumn 1979): 78–87. Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1998. ———. Slaves without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York: The New Press, 1974. Bibliography 247 ———. “Time, Space, and the Evolution of Afro-American Society on British Mainland North America.” American Historical Review 85 (1980): 44–78. Berlin, Ira, Marc Favreau, and Steven F. Miller, eds. Remembering Slavery: African Americans Talk about Their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation. New York: The New Press, 1998. Berlin, Ira, and Ronald Hoffman, eds. Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983. Berthoff, Rowland. “Conventional Mentality: Free Blacks, Women, and Business Corporations as Unequal Persons, 1820–1870.” Journal of American History 76 (December 1989): 753–84. Berkeley, Edmund, Jr. “Prophet without Honor: Christopher McPherson, Free Person of Color.” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 77 (April 1969): 180–90. Bethel, Elizabeth Rauh. The Roots of African-American Identity: Memory and History in Antebellum Free Communities. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. Bleser, Carol, ed. In Joy and in Sorrow: Women, Family, and Marriage in the Victorian South, 1830–1900. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Bodenhorn, Howard. “The Mulatto Advantage: The Biological Consequences of Complexion in Rural Antebellum Virginia.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 33 (Summer 2002): 21–46. Bogger, Tommy L. Free Blacks in Norfolk, Virginia, 1790–1860: The Darker Side of Freedom. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997. Boles, John B. Black Southerners, 1619–1869. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1983. Boles, John B., and Evelyn Thomas Nolen, eds. Interpreting Southern History: Historiographical Essays in Honor of Sanford W. Higginbotham. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1987. Bolster, W. Jeffrey. Black Jacks: African American Seaman in the Age of Sail. Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 1997. Boulton, Alexander O. “The American Paradox: Jeffersonian Equality and Racial Science.” American Quarterly 47 (September 1995): 467–92. Breen...


Subject Headings

  • Free African Americans -- Virginia -- Albemarle County -- History -- 19th century.
  • Free African Americans -- Virginia -- Albemarle County -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
  • Albemarle County (Va.) -- Race relations.
  • Albemarle County (Va.) -- History -- 19th century.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access