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278 Document No. 48: Informational Memorandum from the L’vov District Secretary to the CPUkr Central Committee May 7, 1981 A major source of worry within the socialist camp throughout the crisis, as with similar periods in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968, was the prospect of the unrest in Poland spilling over into neighboring countries (see also Document No. 61). This was certainly on the minds of local officials in Ukraine, then a Soviet republic . In this report to the republic-level Central Committee, the head of the L’vov party district passes on the comments of a Polish security official who is dissatisfied with the shape of events in his own country. The decision to elevate this conversation to the CC, from where it could well have been sent to Moscow, is a sign of how seriously the threat from Solidarity was taken by regional authorities. Informational Memorandum On April 16, 1981, a meeting took place with someone in whom we have confidence , a colleague from the PPR state security organs, who informed us of the following: the situation in Poland remains complicated and incomprehensible. The PPR population is under stress from the confusion and the difficult economic conditions. The population wants a firm, authoritative leader, both on the party and government sides. At present, Jaruzelski is politically active, while not taking into account the opinion of the PUWP Politburo. He also maintains ties to Solidarity unions and the counter-revolution. Our source said that there is a possibility that Jaruzelski has long held negative positions and that his proposal to choose Kania as first secretary is in the interests of his [Jaruzelski’s] own line, which increasingly appears to be a negative one. Meanwhile, Kania criticizes the errors of the previous party leadership in his speeches without proposing anything in its place. There is no unity in the PUWP leadership, not one man from the leadership who could take any kind of firm line. Regarding Wałęsa, some are of the opinion that his position is not so reactionary, but no one from the PUWP leadership is seriously involved with him in order to make use of his positive qualities in the interests of socialist Poland. The Church’s activization is noticeable as it persistently draws in the whole population, including PUWP members, authoritative workers, and the young. In the cities there is a tendency towards the glorification of Jaruzelski with the aid of posters, radio, and television. He is presented as the head of the Polish government, but not as the head of socialist Poland. 279 Food, which is rationed, is not always available, so ration cards are not redeemable [ne otovarivaiutsia]. There is a directive through the Special Departments to prepare special groups of loyalists for possible underground or partisan activities. Such groups are based on two border brigades with a supply of necessary weapons. Peasants have driven up [vzvintili] food prices. One kilogram of meat costs 500 złoty and a half-liter of sour cream costs 120 złoty. The arrival of provisions from the USA will only begin in July, although the so-called American aid is widely touted. Deputy Head for Intelligence of the Seventh Border Detachment Col. Lt. O. P. Donchak April 12, 1981 [Source: TsDAGOU (Ukraine), Fond 1, Opis 25, Spr. 2235. Translated by David Wolff for CWIHP.] ...


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