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831 index This index uses modern American spelling, with original usage enclosed in parentheses orcross-referencedwhennecessary.Declarations,councils,treaties,and the like will be found under their main element; thus the treaty of Madrid is located under M. For names including the French prefix de or d’, please check under the main element (François de Callières, for instance, will be under C ). abandonment: of sovereignty, 212; usucaption and prescription, 331– 38 Absalum, bishop of Roschild, 474n absurdities, interpretation of treaties leading to, 418–19, 428 academicians, as enemies, 550 accommodation, amicable, 450 Achilles, 581 active and passive obligation, 751–52; basis for, 766 Adeimantus, 545n Adrets, François de Beaumont, baron des, 646 Adrian (Hadrian; Roman emperor), 125 Adriatic Sea, Venetian control of, 254–55 Aduatici, 546n aged people, as enemies, 549 agents, ambassadorial, 693 Agesilaüs, 536 aggrandizement of neighboring power as just cause for war, 491–99 Agincourt, battle of, 555–56 agriculture: government support for, 128–31; peasants, as enemies, 550–51 Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of, 400, 503, 568 Alba (Alva), Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimental, 3rd duke of, 546n, 642–43, 646n, 703 Albert II the Wise (king of Austria), 402 Albigenses (Cathars), 183n Alcibiades, 563–64n Alexander VI (pope), 173, 215n Alexander the Great, 486, 511, 545, 546, 562, 600, 607 Algerian corsairs. See piracy alienation of property, 237–42; by corporations, 232–33; nation, alienation of part of, 240–42; in peace treaties, 657–59; public property, 237–40 alliances, 512–23; aggrandizing powers , controlling, 496; casus foederis in, 515–16; civil wars of other nations , involvement in, 648–49; declarations of war against enemies ’ allies, 522–23; defensive, 512, 519–21; embassy and, 686; enemies’ associates and allies, 517–23; equal alliances vs. equal treaties, 348; just 832 index alliances (continued ) cause for, 513–14; in just war only, 514–16; with nations already at war, 514; offensive, 512, 519; peace treaties and, 661–62, 675, 677, 680– 81; personal, 355, 362–64; postliminium , 604–5; precedence of more ancient allies regarding treaties , 344; real, 355–59, 364–65; refusal of help as injury in, 517; ruptures between former allies, 517; troops or funds provided by, 513; unequal, 349–55, 683–85; warlike associations vs., 512 alluvion, right of, 244–45, 247–49 Alphonso VIII (king of Castile), 231n Alphonso V (king of Portugal), 121, 216n Alva (Alba), Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimental, 3rd duke of, 546n, 642–43, 646n, 703 Alvakedi, 721n ambassadors. See embassy ambiguous or equivocal expressions, 416–18, 420–21, 432–33 Ambrose of Milan, 176 America: Canada (see Canada); European colonization of (see colonization ); Indians (see Native Americans); Spanish attacks on, 275 American Revolution, ix amicable accommodation, 450 Ammianus Marcellinus, 329n, 426n, 797 amnesties, 664 Amurath (Murad) II (sultan), 388 Anaxilaüs, 564n Ancona, 280 androlepsia, 465 Anne (queen of England), 573 Anne of Austria (regent of France), 657–58n Anson, George, 555, 797 Antaeus, 291 antichresis, 398 anticipation, right of, 234 Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Seleucid ruler), 394, 417, 522 Antoninus (Roman emperor), 125 Antony the Bastard of Burgundy, 548n Appian[us], 668n, 797 Arabs, 310, 721–22. See also Islam Aragon. See Spain, and individual rulers arbitrary law of nations, 17, 705 arbitration: between nations, 451–52; between subjects and sovereigns, 109 Arbroath, declaration of, 106–7nn Aristotle, 83, 797 armies. See entries at military Arminius, 561 arrest of subject by way of reprisal, 465 Arrian (Lucius Flavius Arrianus), 546n, 797 artifices and stratagems in war, 579–81 arts, national encouragement of, 146– 47 assassination: of enemies, 557–63; of sovereigns, 103, 156, 170, 178–79, 716–19 the Assassins, 559–60, 722 asseverations used in treaties, 392 associations, warlike, vs. alliances, 512 asylum in ambassador’s house, 738–40 asylums for invalid soldiers, 476 Atahualpa (Incan emperor), 290 atheism, 765–66 Athenians. See Greeks Attila the Hun, 487, 564 Augier de Marigny, François, 698n, 798 August[us] III (king of Poland), x, 525n Augustus Caesar (Roman emperor), 653n, 668 index 833 Aulus Gellius, 561n, 798 Austria: commercial trading rights, 251; Swiss protectorates of dukes of, 209, 212; Vienna, Turkish siege of, 263; War of the Austrian Succession , 425, 481n, 521n, 534n, 554, 573n, 614, 616 authority: of body politic over its members, 81–82; Catholic independence from, 174–79; embassy, authority to send, 683, 704–5; of judges, 189; over clergy, 164–70; over peace treaties, 655–57, 659– 60; over public ministers, 112; over public...


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Subject Headings

  • International law.
  • War (International law).
  • Natural law.
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