Index

From: The 7 Sexes

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i n d e x Numbers in italic refer to figures. Aberration: chromatic, 26; spherical, 26 Abortion, and Moslem theology, 22 Accessory chromosome, 64 Acetocarmine dye, 27 Achromatic lenses, 26 Acrosome, 45 ACTH, 126 Adam, as cryptic hermaphrodite, 19, 206n1 (chap. 4) Adrenal cortex, 125 Adrenal hyperplasia virilization (DSD XY CYP-21), 128 Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 126 Adrenogenital syndrome (XX DSD), 144 Aldosterone, 125 Algae, 77 Allen, Charles Elmer, 70 Allen, Willard Myron, 52 Allison, A., 189 Alternation of generations, 48 Ambiguity of genitals, 3; debate on response after birth, 156 Amphiprion, 94 Anatomy, and Renaissance art, 25 Androgen receptors, 90 Androgyny, 143 Aneuploidy, in Datura, 78 Angiosperms, 62 Aniline dyes, 27 Animalcules, 29 Annelids, 211n16 (chap. 9) Anterior pituitary, and LH and FSH production , 117 Antherozoid, 44 Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), 55; gene location, 210n12 (chap. 8); studied in rabbits, 119–120 Ants, 61, 141 Aphids, 62 Apoptosis, 55 Apricot eye color, 96, 97, 98 Aristophanes, 13 Aristotle, 28, 76, 205n3 (chap. 3); and epigenetic development, 13–14; weakness of theories of sexuality, 15 Ars poetica, and celebration of sex, 182 Ascaris worms, 37; meiosis in, 47 Ashkenazi Jews, excess CYP-21 mutation, 128 ATRX gene, 150 Autosomes, 64 Avery, Oswald, 80 Bacon, Francis, 177 Bacteria: as cells lacking structure, 77; division , 82; as sexual organisms, 81, 83 Bacteriophage, life cycle, 81 226 Index Bainbridge, David, 188; The X in Sex, 224n4 Baker, Bruce, 73, 74, 98 Balance theory of sex determination, 72–73, 73, 107, 151 Barbary ape, basis for human anatomy, 25 Barr, Murray, 100, 105 Barr body, 100 Barry, Martin, 43 Bayliss, William, 50 Beadle, George W., 79 Beauvoir, Simone de, 166, 169, 180; and “the other,” 183 Becker, Peter, 99 Bees, 58 Behavior, and sex, xv Bem Sex Role Inventory, 220n3 Bentham, Jeremy, 168 Berthold, Arnold, 51 Beukeboom, Leo W., 61 Beutler, E., 102 Bible: and homosexuality, 133, 219n3; separate creation of two sexes, 19; and sexual excess, 21 Bicolorism, original term for dosage compensation , 96 Bifid scrotum, 127 Biochemical pathways, 79–80 Biological outlook, and intersex individuals , 153 Biopower, state control of the body, 182 Birth order, and homosexuality, 137 Bischoff, Theodor L. W., 34, 43 Blakeslee, Albert, 77 Blastocyst, 34, 35, 57 Blood: as basis of life, 14; catemenical, for embryo formation, 14; as hereditary substance, 42 Bottom-up approach (molecules to populations ), 189 Boylan, Michael, 206n5 (chap. 3) Bracon hebetor, 59 Brazil, pasivos as “non-men” in Candombl é ceremony, 144 Bread mold, as sexual organism, 77 Bridges, Calvin B., 72–73, 92, 96, 106, 151 Brisson, Luc, 205n5 Brown, Robert, 30 Brunschwig, Hieronymous, 23 Bukovsky, Antonin, 40 Butenandt, Adolph, 51, 79, 210n5 Bütschli, Otto, 40, 47 CAIS, anatomical and behavioral aspects, 130 Calico cats, 102 Camerarius, Rudolf, 48 Candomblé ceremony, 144 Carr, David H., 106 Carrel, Alexis, 54 Castle, William E., 67 Castration, 50 Cate, Rodney Lee, 55 Catholicism: and birth control, 155; and nocturnal emission, 206n6 (chap. 4) Cell theory: development of, 30–32; early depictions, 207n13 Centromere, 39 Ceratitis, 150 Changing gender roles, 185 Chimerism, 84; experimental, in mice, 93; formation of chimeras, 88; XX/XY humans, 89 Cholesterol, 54, 125; as steroid source, 52; structure of, 52 Chorion, in freemartin formation, 86 Chromatin spot (sex chromatin), 100 Chromosomes: aneuploidy, excess in prisons and hospitals, 105; in bees, 59; chromosomal sex, 111, 113; continuity of, 40, 63; discovery of, 40; number, 37; number in humans, 104 Cleland, Ralph, 61 Clermont, Yves, 45 Cleveland, Lemuel Roscoe, 149 Cline, Thomas Warren, 75 Clinton, Michael, 94 Clitoris, 32, 55, 116, 179 Comparative genomics, 162 Comparative oogenesis, 39 Compensasome, Becker’s name for dosage compensation genes, 100 Complementary roles, of embryonic sex rudiments, 33 Index 227 Complementary sex determining alleles, 60 Condorcet, Marquis de, 168 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, 127–128 Congenital androgen insensitivity (CAIS or XY DSD with androgen insensitivity ), 130 Coplin jars, 27 Corner, Geroge Washington, 52 Corpus albicans, 117 Corpus luteum, 35–36, 53, 86, 117 Cortisol, 54, 126 Cowan, Ruth Schwartz, 2, 184 Criss-cross inheritance, 69 Crossing over, 69, 81, 122, 147, 151,152 Cruikshank, William, 35 Cryptogamic plants: and alternation of generations, 49; and sex, 44 CYP-21 gene mutation: map location, 126; and XX embryo, 126–128; and XY embryo , 128 Cytology, 36; American predominance, 70 Cytoplasmic inheritance, 79 Da Carpi, Jacopo, and Galen’s reproductive anatomy, 16, 17 Darwin, Charles, 76, 146 Datura stramonium, 78 DAX-1 gene, 125; and Sertoli cell formation , 113 De Vaal, O. M., 129 Deadpan mutation in fruit flies, 75...