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HOMILIES 33 we have mentioned, nothing so effectually quenches it as unkindness , and cruelty, and rapacity. Indeed, when in addition to not having oil we also throw cold water on it-for this is avarice, chilling by its hardheartedness the souls of its victims-whence will it be able to be kindled again? Well, then, we shall depart, bearing with us dust and ashes, and with plenty of smoke to convict us of having had lamps and of having extinguished them. Where there is smoke a fire must have been extinguished. However, may it not be our lot to hear those words: 'I do not know yoU.'lS But when may we hear them more clearly than when on seeing a poor man we act as if we did not see him? When we do not recognize the hungry Christ, He also will not recognize us when we are without oil, and rightly so. Indeed, if a man ignores a person in distress and does not give him what he has, how will he expect to receive in his turn what is not his? Therefore, I beseech you, let us conduct all our affairs and expend every effort so that the oil may not fail us, but we may fill our lamps and go into the marriage with the Bridegroom. May we all attain to this, by the grace and mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ. Through Him and with Him glory be to the Father, together with the Holy Spirit, now and always, and forever and ever. Amen. Homily 51 (fohn 7.37-44) 'Now on the last, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying: "If anyone thirst, let him come to me and drink. He who believes in me, as the Scripture says, 'From within him there shall flow rivers of living water.' " '1 18 Matt. 1.12. I John 7.37,38. 34 SAINT JOHN CHRYSOSTOM Those who come to the divine preaching and pay attention to it with faith must show the desire of the thirsty for it and stir up a similar longing in themselves. In this way, to be sure, they will be able very carefully to preserve what is said. And this is so for, when the thirsty receive a cup, they drain it very eagerly, and then their thirst is slaked. In the same way, also, then, if those who hear the divine words accept them thirstily, they will never cease until they exhaust them. Indeed, because we must ever be thirsty and hungry in this sense, Christ said: 'Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for justice.'~ Here, likewise, He says: 'If anyone thirst, let him come to me and drink.' Now, this means something like this: 'I draw no one to Me by compulsion or force, but I call the man who has a great desire and is on fire with longing.' But why did the Evangelist note that it was 'on the last, the great day of the feast'? I ask this for both the first and the last were great days, and they spent the days between them largely in feasting. Why, then, did he say 'on the last'? Because on that day they were all assembled. On the first day, of course, Christ was not present, and He mentioned the reason to His brethren. However, not even on the second or third day did He say any such words as those mentioned abO\"e, so that His words might not lose their effect, since His hearers were about to go to their feasting. But on the last day, when they were departing for home, He gave them supplies for their journey to salvation. Now, 'He cried out' partly to show His fearlessness, and partly on account of the size of the crowd. Moreover, to show that He was speaking of spiritual nourishment, He added: 'He.who believes in me, as the Scripture says, "From within him there shall flow rivers of living water." , 2 ~Iatt. 5.6. HOMILIES 35 Here the word KOLAlac; means 'heart'3 as Scripture says elsewhere: 'And your law is within my heart.4 'But where does Scripture say: "From within him there shall flow rivers of living water"?' Nowhere.5 'What, then, is the meaning of the words: "He who believes in me, as the Scripture says"?' Here we must place the punctuation so that the words, 'From within him there shall flow rivers of living water...

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