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COMPARATIVE PLANS The following pages include plans of many of the gardens described in the preceding chapters. These plans provide a means of comparing similarities and differences among the buildings and water in the gardens. BUILDINGS Two building typologies are evident in almost all the Suzhou gardens. The first is the dense courtyard houses that constitute the residential quarters of the properties. In the comparative plans, these buildings appear as densely built quarters that occupy up to two-thirds of the property. The remaining property is allocated for the gardens which are populated by the second building typology—an array of halls and pavilions that drift through the gardens. The residential buildings are strictly oriented in a southerly direction and thus lay out along south-to-north axes. In contrast, the garden buildings are variously inflected in their orientation to the water, to the rockeries , to garden courtyards, and often to external views or borrowed scenery. The result is a richly varied collection of halls and pavilions distributed in the gardens of Suzhou. Figure 101. Comparative plans of the garden buildings (left to right, top to bottom): Garden of Peace and Comfort, Lion Grove, Lingering Garden, Humble Administrator’s Garden, Garden of Retreat and Reflection, Garden of Cultivation, Mountain Villa of Embracing Beauty, Crane Garden, Garden of Harmony , Zigzag Garden, Mountain Villa of Embracing Emerald, Couple’s Garden, Master of the Nets Garden, and Garden of the Peaceful Mind Figure 102. Comparative plans of the garden ponds and canals (left to right, top to bottom): Garden of Peace and Comfort, Lion Grove, Lingering Garden, Humble Administrator’s Garden, Garden of Retreat and Reflection, Garden of Cultivation, Mountain Villa of Embracing Beauty, Crane Garden, Garden of Harmony , Zigzag Garden, Couple’s Garden, Master of the Nets Garden, and Garden of the Peaceful Mind 154 comparative plans WATER At the center of almost all the gardens is water. A striking exception to this is the Mountain Villa of Embracing Beauty where the rockery ­ occupies the center. The shapes of the ponds follow two patterns more or less. The larger gardens, such as the Humble Administrator’s Garden and the Garden of the Peaceful Mind, have elongated ponds that stretch across the garden. Smaller gardens, such as the Master of the Nets and the Garden of Retreat and Reflection, have compact (almost square) ponds at their center. Each of the water bodies has streams or channels that connect the larger pond to smaller waterways both within the garden and to the larger integrated water system that courses throughout the Suzhou region. Several of the private gardens, such as the Humble Administrator’s Garden, have islands in the ponds, although islands are more common in the imperial gardens where they are manifestations of the belief that immortals lived on islands in the sea off the eastern coast of Shandong Province . In accordance with this narrative, islands were commonly integrated into the gardens as sites for immortals. ...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780812207255
Related ISBN
9780812222142
MARC Record
OCLC
830022825
Launched on MUSE
2013-02-13
Language
English
Open Access
No
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