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Afterword The Broken Wedding At the end of January 1956 all the persons prosecuted in the "Birobidzhan case" in Moscow were released, except for Levitin, who died in the campsl In spite of having received full rehabilitation, Bakhmutski could not recover from the trials he had undergone and soon died. The poet Chaim Maltinski settled in the Uzbek town of Namangan. In the 1960s he moved to Minsk, and in 1973 emigrated to Israel. There he published a number of poetry collections and memoirs. The critic and editor Nokhem Fridman returned to Birobidzhan and took up work again at the Birobidzhaner shteYl1. In 1957 he became Birobidzhanskaia zvezda's editorial secretary, and in 1959 the editor of what turned out to be the last Birobidzhan collection in Yiddish, Yidishe avtonome gegnt (Jewish Autonomous Region), a poor imitation of the earlier publicistic literary almanacs, Forposl and Birobidzhan. Other arrested Birobidzhan Jewish activists were also released from prison in 1956. Among these were the prose writers Buzi Miller and Heshl Rabinkov. Miller was able to regain his former status as local literary doyen. He became a member of the editorial board of the new (1961) Moscow-based Yiddish-language periodical Sovetish heymland (Soviet Homeland) and deputy editor of the Birobidzhaner shtern, and he published a number of new works in both Yiddish and Russian translation. After his death in 1988 the street on which he had lived in Birobidzhan city was renamed after him. In contrast to Miller, the talented playwright Rabinkov settled down in a modest position on the staff of the Birobidzhaner shtern and never published another book in Yiddish. The former actors of the Birobidzhan State Yiddish Theater experienced various fates. Some remained in Birobidzhan cherishing the vain hope that the theater would be revived. Most, however, tried to move as far away as possible from the place where their youth had passed and where everything they had created in the course of a decade and a half had been destroyed. Arones, arrested on fabricated charges of nationalism and cosmopolitanism , was released in 1956 and settled in Riga. In 1972 he emigrated to Israel, 1 RGASPI f. 589, op. 3, d. 6592, II. 154-60, 169, 175; Kostyrchenko, Tail/aia politika Stalil/a, 494. THE BROKEN WEDDING 253 where he acted in various enterprises for a number of years, together with his wife, Bella Fridman-Arones. Moishe Zhelkover, arrested because his son had crossed the border and left the Soviet Union illegally at the end of the war, perished in the Siberian camps. His son Leib settled in West Berlin in 1945, and later went to America, then to Israel. In Israel in the 1970s he became an actor at "Habima," under the pseudonym "Leo Jung." The couple Yosef Gross and Leah Kolina2 had left BirGOSET as early as the beginning of 1947 and joined the MosGOSET trou pe. After the closing of MosGOSET, Gross played at the Moscow Pushkin Theater. Later he became one of the first Jewish actors to perform before Soviet audiences in Yiddish after a long period of silence. Kolina, meanwhile, in the 1950s became an actress at the Moscow Literary and Dramatic Theater of the All-Russian Theatrical Society (VTO). At the same time she took part in evenings of Yiddish songs and stories. From 1962 she performed with the Yiddish Dramatic Ensemble of Beniamin Shvartser3 The careers of several others after they left Birobidzhan can also be followed . Mania Karlos departed from the region at the beginning of 1949. From 1952 to 1957 she was an actress at the Russian Dramatic Theater in Odessa. Then, until 1959, she performed at the Gomel Dramatic Theater. Chaim Helfand left for Norilsk right after BirGOSETs closing. For about 30 years he worked there as the main director of the Russian Dramatic Theater,4 and later he taught acting at the Krasnoyarsk Institute of Arts. Yankev Rozenfeld directed the drama studio of the Central House of Culture of the Railroad Workers in Kievs Buzi Shilman left for Sakhalin, where he directed a workers ' theater in Sinegorsk6 Hirsh Feigin performed at the Riga Russian Dramatic Thea ter,7 and Yudl Kotointi at the Khabarovsk Theater of Drama. Mikhl and Sara Fridman left for Slonim, where Mikhl became the artistic director of the Belorussian People's Theater from 1949 to 1966. He was awarded the title of Honored Artist of the Belorussian SSR. Sara, meanwhile, directed a local drama studio until 19658 2 Kolina's first husband, the artist...


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