restricted access Chapter 12. "On His Own Responsibility": A New Army at Monmouth (March to June 1778)
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

GW_101-150.indd 148 5/2/12 7:35 AM CHAPTER 12 "On His Own Responsibility": A New Army at Monmouth (March to June 1778) Incursion intojersey.- GeneralLacysurprised.-Attempton LafayetteatBarren Hill.General Howe resigns.-Is succeeded by Sir Henry Clinton.-He evacuates Philadelphia .- Marches through jersey.- Battle ofMonmouth.- General Lee arrested.-Sentenced to be suspended.- Thanks ofCongress to General Washington and the army. March 1778 As THE SPRING opened, several expedients 1 were undertaken by the British . Colonel Mawhood made an incursion into Jersey, at the head oftwelve hundred men. Governor Livingston 2 was immediately requested to call out the militia in order to join Colonel Shreeve, whose regiment was detached for the protection of that state. The legislature had omitted to make provision for paying them, and the governor could not bring them into the field. Mawhood ofcourse was unrestrained; and the devastation committed by his party was wantonly distressing. After completing his forage, unmolested , he returned to Philadelphia. During the continuance of this incursion , which lasted six or seven days, not more than two hundred militia could be collected. Not longafterwards, an expedition was undertaken against General Lacy, who, with a small body of Pennsylvania militia, varying in its numbers, watched the roads on the north side of the Schuylkill. Colonel Abercrombie, who commanded this expedition, avoided all Lacy's posts ofsecurity, and threw a detachment into his rear before he disr . Stratagems, schemes for surprising and deceiving the enemy. 2. William Livingston (1723-90) of NewYork and NewJersey, Continental Congressman and briefly Brigadier General in the NewJersey militia before being elected irs first governor, in rn 6. GW_101-150.indd 149 5/2/12 7:35 AM ~ A New Army at Monmouth *' covered the approach ofan enemy. After a short resistance, he escaped with a loss of a few men, and all his baggage. His corps was entirely dispersed, and he was soon afterwards replaced by General Potter. To cover the country more effectually on the north side ofthe Schuylkill, to form an advance guard for the security of the main army, and to be in readiness to annoy the rear of the enemy should he evacuate Philadelphia, the Marquis de Lafayette was detached on the 18th of May, with more than two thousand choice troops, to take post near the lines. He crossed the Schuylkill, and encamped near Barren Hill church eight or ten miles in front of the army. Immediate notice of his arrival was given to Sir William Howe, who reconnoitred his position, and formed a plan to surprise him. On the night of the 19th, General Grant with five thousand select troops, marched on the road leading up the Delaware, and after making a considerable circuit, reached Plymouth meeting-house, rather more than a mile in rear of the Marquis, between him and Valley Forge, before sunrise next morning. In the course of the night, General Grey with a strong detachment, had advanced up the Schuylkill, on its south side, and taken post at a ford two or three miles in front of the right flank of Lafayette, while the residue of the army encamped at Chesnut hill. Captain M'Clane, a vigilant partisan, was posted some distance in front of Barren hill. In the course of the night, he fell in with two British grenadiers at Three-Mile run, who communicated to him the movement made by Grant, and also the preparations for that made by Grey. Conjecturing the object, M'Clane detached Captain Parr with a company of riflemen to harass and retard the column advancing up the Schuylkill, and hastened in person to the camp of Lafayette. That officer instantly put his troops in motion, and passed the Schuylkill at Watson's ford, which was rather nearer to Grant than himself, with the loss of only nine men. General Grant followed his rear, and appeared at the ford just after the Americans had crossed it. Finding them advantageously posted, he did not choose to attack them; and the whole army returned to Philadelphia. This was the last enterprise attempted by SirWilliam Howe. He resigned the command of the army to Sir Henry Clinton, and embarked for Great Britain. About the same time, orders were received for the evacuation of Philadelphia. The great naval force of France rendered that city a dangerous 149 GW_101-150.indd 150 5/2/12 7:35 AM ~ COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE REVOLUTION :>aposition , and determined the administration3 to withdraw the army from the Delaware...


pdf

Subject Headings

  • Washington, George, -- 1732-1799.
  • Presidents -- United States -- Biography.
  • Generals -- United States -- Biography.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1775-1783.
  • United States -- Politics and government -- 1783-1809.
  • United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Campaigns.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access