restricted access Burma-China Boundary Settlement
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

493 Section VI, G. BURMA-CHINA BOUNDARY SETTLEMENT Reproduced from Maung Maung, “Burma-China Boundary Settlement” in The Guardian VIII, no. 3 (March 1961): 21–23, by permission of Daw Khin Myint, wife of the late Dr Maung Maung. On January 4 this year Burma celebrated her 13th anniversary of independence. In Rangoon to take part in the rejoicings, along with over 400 members of a Chinese cultural delegation, was Chinese Premier Mr Chou En-Lai. As a token of eternal friendship and “paukphaw ” (brotherly) feelings, he brought with him the instrument of ratification of the Burma-China Boundary Treaty which he and Burma’s U Nu had signed in Peking on an equally auspicious day — This article also appears in this month’s issue of “Asian Survey”, published by the University of California, Berkeley, United States. Dr Maung Maung, who is on a visiting lectureship at Yale, also used it as a background paper in his lecture on the subject at the Council on Foreign Relations, New York. On February 14 Dr Maung Maung is working on a book on Burma’s customary laws; editing the records of the assassination case of 1947 for publication of a trial book which will be, he writes, “without politics, without hate or bitterness”, but the story of a historic case and a historic event calmly told. If there is time and sufficient support, he also hopes to collect and prepare for publication the speeches and writings of Bogyoke Aung San, a task which is long due for doing, but nobody has found the time for. 06G DrMaung.indd 493 2/28/08 2:53:24 PM Reproduced from Dr Maung Maung: Gentleman, Scholar, Patriot by Robert H. Taylor (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2008). This version was obtained electronically direct from the publisher on condition that copyright is not infringed. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the prior permission of the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Individual articles are available at 494 DR MAUNG MAUNG: Gentleman, Scholar, Patriot for China — October 1, 1960. Gifts were exchanged too: 2,000 tons of rice and 1,000 tons of salt from Burma for the approximately one million Chinese residing along the borders in China; 2.4 million metres of printed textiles and 6,00,000 pieces of porcelain plates from China for the nearly one million Burmese living along Burma’s side of the border. Kind words and complements passed and re-dedications were made to the five principles of peaceful co-existence. The treaty, Mr Chou En-Lai said on October 1, laid to rest a problem which was “inherited from history, a product of imperialist policy of aggression”, and finally demarcated over 2,000 kilometres “a boundary of peace and friendship”; it was thus a “brilliant model” for peaceful co-existence between the Asian peoples. U Nu responded warmly and emphasised that it was a friendly agreement entered into freely and on terms of “absolute equality”. It would be “ridiculous”, U Nu said, to suggest that the treaty was imposed on China by Burma, or on Burma, whose peoples have a strong “will and determination to be free”, by China. The border problem which has now been peaceably, and, Burma hopes, permanently settled was one that had defied solution for some three-quarters of a century. When the British annexed upper Burma in 1885, their anxiety to win the goodwill and recognition of their new neighbour led them to sign a convention undertaking to send “decennial missions to present articles of local produce” in return for which China agreed to allow England “to do whatever she deems fit and proper in Burma”.1 The British, however, quickly came to realize that the Burmese never did acknowledge Chinese suzerainty, and that missions bearing gifts and daughters were mutually exchanged and not a one way traffic, that though in the wars and invasions of history the Chinese had sometimes been able to overwhelm by numbers, the Burmese had more often been able to repel the hordes and had consistently upheld the integrity of their kingdom and their traditional frontiers. After the British had established their power over Burma therefore, they conveniently forgot to send the decennial missions, and instead tried to consolidate their position and demarcate the borders with China. A convention was signed on March 1, 1894 to this purpose, and a supplementary agreement on February 4, 1897. There was a joint survey in 1905 of...


pdf

Subject Headings

  • Burma -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
  • Maung Maung, U, 1925-1994.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access