Bibliography

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BIBLIOGRAPHY Chapter 1. Introduction Calhoun, John B. "The Role of Space in Animal Sociology," Journal of Social Issues, 1966, Vol. 22, No. 4, 46-58. Lofland, Lyn H. "Social Life in the Public Realm: A Review Essay," prepared for the Journal of Contemporary Bibliography, 1987. Mumford, Lewis. The Culture of Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1938. The editors of Fortune, The Exploding Metropolis. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1957. Chapter 2. The Social Life of the Street Ashcroft, Norman, and Albert E. Scheflen. People Space: The Making and Breaking of Human Boundaries. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1976. Bakeman, R., and S. Beck. "The Size of Informal Groups in Public," Environment and Behavior, September, 1974. Barker, Roger. The Stream of Behavior. New York: Appleton-Century Crofts, 1963. Birdwhistle, Ray L. Kinesics and Context. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970. Brower, Sidney. "Streetfronts and Sidewalks," Landscape Architecture, July 1973. Ciolek, Matthew T. "Location of Static Gatherings in Pedestrian Areas: an Exploratory Study." Canberra: Australian National University, 1976. Dabbs, James M., Jr. "Indexing the Cognitive Lead of a Conversation." Paper: Georgia State University, 1980. , and Neil A. Stokes III. "Beauty Is Power: The Use of Space on a Sidewalk," Sociometry, 1975, Vol. 38, No. 4. [368]BIBLIOGRAPHY Efron, David. Gesture,Race, and Culture. The Hague: Master, 1972; excerpted in The Body Reader, Ted Pelhemus, ed., New York: Pantheon Books, 1978. A tentative study of some of the spatio-temporal and "linguistic" aspects of the gestural behavior of Eastern Jews and Southern Italians in New York City. Gehl, Jan. Pedestrians. Copenhagen: Arkitekten, 1968. . Life Between Buildings. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987. This book, first published in Copenhagen, is one of a series of studies by architect Gehl that have had a major influence on design and planning in Scandinavia. The patterns of pedestrian life he has observed and the recommendations he has made are highly applicable to American cities. So too are his techniques for studying people—quite objective, but strong on imagination and humor. They are also a primer on the use of photography as a research tool. A splendid piece of work. Goffman, Erving. Behavior in Public Places. New York: Free Press, 1963. . Relations in Public. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. Goldberger, Paul. The City Observed: A Guide to the Architecture of Manhattan. New York: Vintage Books, 1979. Hall, Edward T. The Hidden Dimension. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1966. . The Silent Language. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1969. Heckscher, August, with Phyllis Robinson. Open Spaces: The Life of American Cities. New York: Harper & Row, 1977. Henley, Nancy M. Body Politics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1977. Jaffe, Joseph, and Stanley Feldstein. Rhythms of Dialogue. Academic Press, 1970. Lofland, Lyn H. A World of Strangers: Order and Action in Urban Public Space. New York: Basic Books, 1973. Lynch, Kevin. The Image of the City. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1960. McPhail, Clark, and Ronald T. Wohlstein. "Using Film to Analyze Pedestrian Behavior ," SociologicalMethods and Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1982. Moudon, Anne Vern, ed. Public Streets for Public Use. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987. Proshansky, Harold M., William H. Ittelson, and Leanne G. Rivlin, eds. Environmental Psychology: Man and His PhysicalSetting. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston , 1970. Sennett, Richard. The Fall of Public Man. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977. Sommer, Robert. PersonalSpace. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969. In this country, psychologist Sommer has been the outstanding exponent of direct observation of the impact of design on behavior, himself a fine observer and walker. Webb, Eugene J., Donald T. Campbell, Richard D. Schwartz, and Lee Sechrist. Unobtrusive Measures: Non-reactive Research in the Social Sciences. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966. Chapter 3. Street People Booth, Charles. Life and Labor of The People in London. London and New York: McMillan & Co. Ltd., 1902. Boyle, Wickham. On the Streets:A Guide to New York City's Buskers. New York: New York City Department of Cultural Affairs, 1978. BIBLIOGRAPHY BI B L I O G R A P H Y [369] David, Randolph. "Manila's Street Life: A Visual Ethnography." In A Comparative Study of Street Life: Tokyo, Manila, New York, Hidetoshi Kato, William H. Whyte, and Randolph David. Tokyo: Gakushuin University, 1978. Fried, Albert, and Richard L. Elman, eds. CharlesBooth's London. New York: Pantheon , 1968. Nager, Anita R., and W. R. Wentworth. Bryant Park: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Its Image and Use with Implications for Urban Open Space. New York: Department of Parks and Environmental Psychology, program of the City...


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