Index
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Abyssinian Church/Meeting House, xix, 40, 44, 138, 223n9 Adams, John, 11 Adams, Silas B., 101, 102 African Americans: black community at base of Munjoy Hill (“Nigger Hill”), 19, 40–41, 44–45, 137–38; black longshoremen displaced by Irish in Portland, 55–57, 64, 86, 137; blacks as targets of Ku Klux Klan, 137; dockworkers in the 19th century, 40–53; ethnic tensions with Irish dockworkers, 36–64; first recorded strike in Maine (1866), 47; Healy as first African American Catholic bishop, xx, 114, 118; Philadelphia black longshoremen, 108–9; segregated education for colored children, 40; slavery abolished in Maine, 40; slavery issue, 40, 53; union membership exclusions, 47, 95, 96 Alabama claims, 67 Allan, Andrew A., 100 Allan, Hugh, 100 Allan Line, 32, 48, 59, 73, 100 Alongshoremen’s United Benefit Society, 104 American Federation of Labor (AFL): and CIO split, 160, 162; emergence of, 115, 116; exclusion of blacks from, 95; expulsion of communist organizations, 134 “Americanization” policy, 113 Anchor-Donaldson Line, 133, 154 Anchor Line, 39 Ancient Order of Hibernians, 115 Annie C. Maguire (bark), wreck of, xx, 67 Antilabor legislation: Labor Disputes Act (1946), 167; Taft-Hartley Act (1947), xxii, 142, 167 Index Page references in italics refers to illustrations. Arrival of the SS Oregon, Portland ME, January 21, 1884, pencil sketch by Goth, 32, 33 A.R. Wright Coal Company, 147, 169 Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad (A&StLRR), xx, 29, 31, 42, 45. See also under its later name Grand Trunk Railway (GTR) Babcock, Robert H., 2, 74, 112, 183 Bagnall, Robert, 137, 138 Bailey, William, 99 Baltimore: Inner Harbor waterfront development , 177; shipping tonnage (1855), 16; strikes (1900), 96; strikes (1912), 96 Bangor (steamship), 26 Barrett, Patrick, 107 Barry, William David, 23, 223n12 Bassett, Jeremiah, 48 Bath Iron Works (BIW), 75, 163, 174–75, 177 Baxter, James Phinney (Portland mayor), 38, 55, 120 Bay Ferries Limited, 188 Benevolent societies, 104 Berlin and Milan decrees (1806), 16, 18 Bermuda Star Cruise Line, 177 Bernstein, Irving, 152, 154 Black Americans. See African Americans Black churches, 40–41, 44 Black population: Boston (1840 to 1860), 44– 45, 44 table; Massachusetts dock laborers (1910), 109; New Orleans (1900), 47; Philadelphia (1896), 108; Philadelphia (1910), 108; Portland, Maine, 223n12; Portland, Maine (1840 to 1860), 44–45, 44 table; Portland, Maine (1860 to 1900), 50; Portland, Oregon (1941), 50 270 Index Blaine, James G., 68 Blyth, Cdr. Samuel, 19 Board of Trade. See Portland Board of Trade Bohemian (Royal Mail Steamer): sinking of, xv, 59, 67 Boothby, Frederick E. (Portland mayor), 72 Boston: black population (1840 to 1860), 44–45, 44 table; longshore strike (1931), 156–57; longshoremen affiliation with ILA, 104; maritime strike (1909), 86; maritime strike (1911), 90; maritime strike (1912), 90, 103; New Quincy Market and harbor development , 177; port development, 4; shipping from Falmouth, Maine, 9; shipping tonnage (1855), 16; shipping tonnage (1860), 25; wage scale, 99 Boston Dock Workers Federation, 157 Boston Port Act (1774), 11 Bowers, John: ILA presidency, xxii, 125 Boxer (HMS): defeated by Enterprise (USS), xix, 19–20 Bradley, William: ILA presidency, xxii, 125 Brann, Louis (Maine governor), 151 Brennan, Catherine (nee Mulkerrin), xiii Brennan, John J., xiii Brennan, Joseph (Maine governor): cargo facility bond referendum, 175–76; on Portland’s legacy, xiii–xiv; profile of, 184 Brewster, Ralph Owen (Maine governor): KKK support for, 139 Bridges, Harry: and the West Coast labor militancy model, 158–62; ILWU leader, xxi, 1, 134, 141; McCarthyism and communist sympathies, 168–69; personality struggle with Ryan, 159–61; photo of, 159; Welch’s positive views on, 161–62 “Broaching” or “pilfering,” 132–33 Brotherhood of Locomotive engineers, 115 Brown, James, 199 Brown, John, 102 Brown, John Bundy, xx, 28, 38, 42–43 Brunel, Isambard Kingdom, 29 Bryan, William Jennings, 69 Burnham, George, 27 Burnham and Morrill Company, 145–46 Burns, Roy C., 101–2 Burrows, Lt. William, 19 Butts, Samuel, 15 Caldwell, Bill, 174 Caleb, Royal “Roy”: on Portland longshoremen, 81, 95, 136, 139, 145, 161; oral history of, 201; photo of, 143; retirement from PLSBS, 199 Caleb Cushing (U.S. Revenue Cutter): seized by Confederate raiders, xx, 67 Canada. See Halifax, Nova Scotia; Saint John, New Brunswick Canadian export policy, 183 Canadian grain shipments, xxi, 71, 74, 84, 90–91, 126–28, 141, 145 Canadian Line, 9, 39 Canadian longshoremen: as seasonal labor, 89–90 Canadian National Railroad (CNR), xxi, 149–50 Canadian port development, 149–51 Canadian Steam Navigation Company, 32 Carlista, Frank, 199 Casale, Joseph (Portland mayor), 176 Casale, Samuel, 199...


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