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Acknowledgments Of the many people who have had a hand in the evolution of this book over the past twenty years, I would especially like to mention a few who stand out. Foremost among these would be my father, Michael F. Connolly, and his best friend, Larry Welch, who over the years filled my head with stories about these longshoremen and their earthy but seemingly “heroic” daily endeavors. I must acknowledge the Portland Longshoremen’s Benevolent Society (PLSBS) for granting me permission to review their records, even though I was not a member of the union. Bill and Jack Humeniuk, together with Vinny O’Malley, willingly made these private records available to me at the Labor Temple on Exchange Street. Years later, in collaboration with Prof. Robert Babcock of the University of Maine at Orono, these invaluable records were stored safely at the Maine Historical Society (MHS) in Portland . Now, future generations of historians, both professional and amateur, and the children and grandchildren of these longshoremen may learn from them. They were the first set of union records in the MHS collection. Professor Babcock must also be recognized for his seminal research comparing the development of the port of Portland with that of Saint John, New Brunswick, in journal articles published in 1979 and 1982. The staff at MHS, especially Bill Barry, Matt Barker, Nick Noyes, Alissa Lane, Jamie Kingman Rice, and Steve Bromage have been especially helpful. Bill Barry must be thanked above all, not only for his scholarship but also for his enthusiasm, insight, and good Irish humor. Thanks go to the several retired longshoremen who allowed me to interview them in the early 1980s. The PLSBS remains ready to resume its position as a labor force on Portland’s waterfront, and its public face is represented especially by Matty Connolly and Jack Humeniuk. At Boston College Andy Buni and Kevin O’Neill were especially encouraging. My colleagues at Saint Joseph’s College (SJC) in Standish, Maine, in my twentyfive years there have always supported my efforts at publishing. Faculty xvi Acknowledgments scholarships and faculty development grants have provided incentives for completing these efforts. At SJC Renée LeBrun of the marketing department was very generous in her help with my image collection, and my student intern, Joshua Bell, now a graduate student in political science at Suffolk University, helped with typing and computer tasks. Other colleagues , such as Bill Jordan, formerly of Westbrook College, and Ed McCarron of Stonehill College in North Easton, Massachusetts, have often sent me off on productive avenues of research. Charles P. M. Outwin, an expert on eighteenth-century Falmouth in Casco Bay, and labor historian Charlie Scontras were generous in their advice in areas of their expertise. Scontras, especially through his work at the Bureau of Labor Education at the University of Maine at Orono, has published many very rich and thorough studies of the Maine labor movement especially in the last two centuries. The Scontras texts will assist those working in this field for years to come. Joe Conforti of the American studies program of the University of Southern Maine conceived and edited Creating Portland: History and Place in Northern New England and kindly took the time to review my manuscript. Ken Nilsen of Saint Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia , has been supportive of my research since I first met him as an Irishlanguage professor at Harvard University in 1980. Ken deserves special acknowledgment here because since 1984 he has undertaken an extensive study of Irish speakers in Portland, including several of the longshoremen in this book. Of the nine male Irish speakers interviewed for his most recent study of Portland (2004) fully six, or two-thirds, had been longshoremen— and, by the way, all seven of the females in this same study had served as domestic workers. Ken Nilsen has placed Portland forever on the map of Irish-speaking enclaves in North America, and for this we are in his debt. Joan Hansen, Phil “The Harbormaster” O’Donnell, Larry Welch, and many others helped to preserve longshore nicknames, an always amusing staple of Portland’s cultural life, especially when locals would ask a probing question like, “Which Foley are you?” One’s nickname was always a good starting point for a conversation. Claire Foley, Tom Wilsbach, and many members of the Irish American Club of Maine and the Maine Irish Heritage Center were constantly supportive of this research. Lincoln Paine of Munjoy Hill in Portland is a neighbor...


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