Contents
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

Contents 1. Introduction ............................................................................................... 1 2. Conceptual Issues and Perspectives on the Land and Agrarian Question .................................................................................................... 6 The land question in the era of neo-liberal developmentalism.......................7 The unique and diverse land questions of Africa ...........................................16 Is there a land question in Africa? ............................................................... 16 Elements of Africa’s agrarian question .......................................................22 An overview of African land struggles.......................................................26 3. African Land Questions: Trends and Tendencies ............................ 28 The land distribution question: Trends and sources ......................................28 Settler colonial land expropriation and racial land inequalities ............. 31 Class based land inequalities: Land concentration from ‘above’ and ‘below’ ................................................................................................34 African migrations: Labour, land access and exclusion ........................... 44 Ethnic and regional differentiation in land control and inequalities...... 47 Foreign control of land: Agriculture, mining and natural resources...... 52 Unequal land rights, discriminatory tenure systems and land market concentration .................................................................... 56 Introductory remarks ....................................................................................56 African land tenure systems: Customary, tenure and landed property rights .......................................................................................... 57 Statutory and private land tenure systems: The evolution of land markets.......................................................................................................63 Concluding comment: Land tenure, land productivity and agrarian transition ............................................................................71 Agrarian ‘transition’ in Africa: Land use patterns and distorted growth ... 72 Agrarian capitalism, landed property rights and land use trajectories ..........................................................................72 Extroverted land use policies and discriminatory land use regulations....................................................................................... 76 The peasant and ‘merchant’ capital paths of land use: Large versus small farmers........................................................................... 81 Land use regulation, land degradation and environmental sustainability .............................................................................................84 Moyo-prelim.pmd 24/01/2008, 19:53 5 African Land Questions, Agrarian Transitions and the State vi Concluding comments...................................................................................85 African urban land questions.............................................................................86 The location and sources of the urban question ........................................86 The unique roots of the African city and land conflict .............................88 Urban informal settlements, homelessness and land occupation movements ................................................................................................89 Concluding comments...................................................................................90 4. Gender Land Inequalities and Tenure Insecurity............................ 91 Patriarchy, power relations and unequal gender land rights .......................91 Patterns of gender-based land inequities .........................................................94 Concluding remarks: Advocacy for women’s land rights .............................95 5.The African State, Land Reform and Politics..................................... 98 The African state, land policy and primitive accumulation ..........................99 The state and land reforms in Africa ..............................................................103 Redistributive land reforms: State-led and market ‘assisted’ tendencies..104 Land tenure reforms.......................................................................................... 109 Local state governance and customary land tenure administration ..........114 Concluding comments: land reform outcomes and impacts.......................120 6. Social Movements, Civil Society and Land Reform ...................... 122 Social movements, land rights and struggle ..................................................122 The organisation of land struggles .................................................................. 125 Neo-liberal land advocacy and the co-option of land reform .....................128 Land occupation movements of peasants and others ..................................131 Ethno-regional movements, successionism and revolts...............................136 Concluding comment ........................................................................................137 7. Conclusions and Suggested Research Directions .......................... 138 Historical trajectories of the land question and the agrarian transition ....139 The land distribution question and redistributive land reforms ................140 The politics of land, state-civil society relations, and land movements ....141 Gender relations, access to land and tenure ..................................................141 Land tenure, property rights and land markets ............................................142 Land use and extroverted accumulation processes ......................................142 The urban land question ...................................................................................143 Concluding remark............................................................................................144 Notes ........................................................................................................... 145 References .................................................................................................. 146 Moyo-prelim.pmd 24/01/2008, 19:53 6 ...


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