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10 Higher Education 10.1 COLLEG E ENROLLMEN T Higher educatio n enrollment s i n fal l 199 2 in al l public an d privat e college s a t both th e undergraduate and graduate levels totaled more than 14,491,000. Enrollments have reached record levels in each of the seven years up to and including 1992 . The boom is predicted to continue. The primary cause of this growth is the "baby boomlet," the wave of young people, children of the baby-boom generation, approaching ag e 1 8 who are graduating from hig h school. Thi s phenomenon was discussed on Map 9.5, Projected High School Graduates. The wave of collegebound students should continue through the early years of the next decade. While the number of part-time students continues to grow (many of them older adults, particularly re-entry women), the bab y boomle t wil l caus e full-tim e enrollment s t o gro w mor e rapidly . Thi s i s a reversa l of trends over the past decade. The graph below shows these trends. Note that full-time enrollment will grow from approximately 8,300,000 in 1998 to 9,100,000 in 2004, while part-time enrollment will remai n stabl e a t 6,800,00 0 ove r th e sam e period . As the map shows, afew states have a relatively high proportion of college students compared to total population (more than 6%). Some of this variation is explained by regional difference s among states in the percentage of young people who go on to college, just as there are regional differences amon g states in the proportion of high school graduates. There are also states with a larg e proportio n o f out-of-stat e students , suc h a s New Yor k an d th e Ne w Englan d states , in whic h highe r educatio n i s a n industr y addin g t o th e economic bas e o f th e region . Thre e New England states , Massachusetts, Rhode Island an d Vermont , an d a large bloc of wester n and southwestern states from Kansas and Nebraska to California stand out in the highest category of enrollment. Illinois also falls in this category. States in much of the South are in the lowest category, less than 5 percent college students to total population. Wit h the exception of North Carolina in the intermediate category , and Alabam a in the highest, al l souther n state s east of Texas and south of Virginia fall in the lowest category. West Virginia, Nevada, Montana, Maine and New Jersey ar e outliers in the lowest category. The difference fro m th e highest to lowest ranked stat e i s substantial : Rhod e Island , highes t a t 7. 9 percent , ha s almos t twic e a s man y students t o resident s a s Arkansas , th e lowes t stat e a t 4. 1 percent . TOTAL PROJECTED ENROLLMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, 1992-2004 1992 199 4 199 6 199 8 200 0 200 2 200 4 Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Projections of Education Statistics to 2004, NCES 93-25 6 148 10.1 COLLEG E ENROLLMEN T HIGHER EDUCATIO N ENROLLMEN T A S A PERCEN T O F POPULATIO N 149 10.2 TWO-YEA R COLLEG E ENROLLMEN T The map of two-year college enrollment shows data for all public and private junior and community colleges and two-year technical schools . Nationally, 45 percent of all higher education enrollment i s i n two-yea r colleges , a total o f mor e tha n 5,650,00 0 students . Becaus e o f th e lo w percentage o f two-yea r enrollmen t i n privat e junior college s (abou t 11%) , it i s eas y t o los e sight of the fact that 53 percent of public college enrollment is at two-year schools. The range of enrollment in two-year schools is quite remarkable: from a high of 71 percent in Californi a to a low of 1 percent in Arkansas. California alone , with almost 1,274,00 0 community college students, has almost one-quarter of the nation's public two-year enrollment. Othe r very large community college systems are Texas (396,000 students...


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