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98 Cairde na Cruite. (lit.‘friends of the harp’,CNC). A harping organisation founded in 1960 at the suggestion of Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh (president of Ireland 1974–6).Its aims are to promote interest in the Irish harp through teaching, concerts, publishing arrangements of harp music and commissioning works from Irish composers. Ó Dálaigh was its first chair and Eibhlín Nic Chathailriabhaigh was secretary for many years. CNC runs a harp-hire scheme, organises courses, workshops and master classes throughout Ireland and its members have set up harp schools in Derry (1970s) Wexford (1983), Nobber (1991) and Mullingar. Cairde members adjudicate and teach also at the annual Pan Celtic, Keadue and Granard harp festivals – the society maintains close contact with Scotland and Wales – and play and teach world-wide. An illustration of its success is seen from the fact that while in 1963 CNC had difficulty in finding the necessary six harpers to perform its commissioned A.J. Potter piece Teach Lán le Cruitirí, by 1992 some forty were available for the bicentennial of the Belfast Harpers’Festival.The society has published The Irish Harp Book (ed. Sheila Larchet Cuthbert, 1975); Sounding Harps, Vols. I–IV (eds Gráinne Yeats, Mercedes Bolger, 1990–8); My Gentle Harp (eds Mercedes Bolger, Elizabeth Hannon, 1992). CNC marked its fiftieth anniversary in 2010 with performance and reappraisal. [GRY] Cairde Rinnce Céilí na h-Éireann (CRCÉ). A voluntary body initiated as Comóradh an Chéid (‘commemoration of the 100th’) in 1996 in order to mark the centenary of the first (Irish) céilí (held in London, 1897) with céilí dancing throughout Ireland in 1997.In response to high levels ofinterest in the dance, however (as a social, not competitive, art form), it was decided to formalise CRCÉ as an organisation to promote it. A revival organisation with associated zeal, it operates through regional affiliated clubs, running céilí dancing classes and workshops, and social-dance, fíor-chéilithe at which alcohol is not permitted. Supported by the Arts Council, the organisation addresses itself to ‘native group dancing of Ireland … danced to traditional Irish music’.It hosts courses and exams for céilí dance teachers who currently run two-month dance courses in primary and secondary schools for several thousand children annually. Cairdeas na bhFidléirí. (lit. ‘fiddlers’ alliance’, CNF). Established in 1979 to promote the playing, appreciation and educational advancement of Donegal fiddling, the only organisation in Ireland founded to foster the regional music tradition of a single instrument.The organisation’s main event is the hosting of the October Donegal Fiddlers’ Meeting in Glenties (begun 1983) and the Donegal Fiddlers’ Summer School in Gleann Cholm Cille (begun 1986). Ongoing activities include fiddle masterclasses and concerts at regular intervals. CNF prioritises Donegal fiddle style, its associated history and folklore, in support of which it has issued recordings of seminal Donegal fiddlers, a multi-media production on traditional Donegal house dances, and a number of printed tutorial collections.It has also produced an on-line publication of extensive research on the fiddle playing and house dance traditions of south-west Donegal. [CAM] Calico. A 1990s band with Diarmaid Moynihan (uilleann pipes, whistle), Tola Custy (fiddle), Donncha Moynihan (guitar), and later Deidre Moynihan (vocals, f iddle) and Pat Marsh (bouzouki). They recorded two albums, Celanova Square as a trio in 1998 and then Songdogs in 2000. Their music was a combination of traditional Irish and Breton, but in their second recording they introduced self-composed material and added contemporary songs. [NIK] Cambrensis, Giraldus (‘Gerald of Wales’). An Anglo-Norman court servant, Gerald de Barry by name, sent to Ireland in 1185 out of which trip he drew up an ethnographic-style report which was published as Topographia Hibernica in 1188. From this can be deduced something of the Irish C Canada 99 character and customs of the time,although it is far from favourable. His description of harp playing is however widely quoted, being the only and earliest such account. See harp: status, style and understatement. Campbell,John. (1933–2006).Storyteller,singer; Jew’s harp. Born at Mullaghbawn, Co. Armagh, the death of his father in 1933 resulted in him spending much of his early life in his grandfather’s house, in the company of the older generation of south Armagh storytellers who would gather there. The 1940s publication At Slieve Gullion’s Foot by the local folklorist Michael J.Murphy (1913–96) made a huge impact on...