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Index The AACM Big Band, 142, 143 Abe Lincoln in Illinois, 15 Abrams, Muhal Richard, 2, 144, 146; and the AACM, 116, 142–43; and the Experimental Band, 113–14, 132, 145; and the NEA, 170; and modernism, 114; and Wynton Marsalis, 185. See also specific recordings abstract expressionism, 66; and parallels with representation of jazz, 7, 37, 42, 66–68, 104, 112 ‘‘Abstraction,’’ 65 acid rock, 135 ‘‘Acknowledgement,’’ 115 Adderley brothers, 36, 37. See also specific recordings Adderley, Cannonball, 141 Adorno, Theodor, 199 n. 76 Advancing American Art, 42, 199 n.79 Affro Arts Theater, 146 ‘‘Africa,’’ 111 Africa/Brass, 110 AfriCobra, 97 Afro-American Studies Institute (AASI, Antioch), 153, 154, 165, 223 n. 60 Ahmanson Foundation, 174 aleatory music, 54, 61, 109, 113 All Rise, 186 Altamont, 137 An American Dilemma, 40 American exceptionalism, 11, 15, 38, 40, 187 American Federation of Musicians, 76, 79, 88 American Jazz Orchestra, 183 American National Theater and Academy (ANTA), 15, 20 American studio, 133 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, 173, 175 Antheil, George, 54 anti-jazz, 2, 73 Antioch College, and Cecil Taylor’s residency , 153–54, 164–65, 176–77, 221 n. 38, 223 n. 60 ‘‘Apple Cores,’’ 158 Archway Lounge (Chicago), 127 Armstrong, Louis, 17, 65, 87, 158, 185; on civil rights, 45, 77, 205 n. 61; as cultural ambassador, 7, 17–18, 20, 24, 187; on film, 36; and pan-Africanism, 44; and The Real Ambassadors, 45–47, 46. See also additional specific recordings Art Ensemble of Chicago, 132, 147, 213 n. 10; and Afro-centrism, 110, 128; and move to Europe, 146 Artistic Heritage Ensemble, 142 Ascension, 114, 116, 150, 165 Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM), 8, 132, 156–57, 184; conflicts within, 145–46, formation and early years of, 141–45; funding of, 146–47, 172; mission of, 116, 123–24, 143 Atlantic records, 1, 29, 71, 83, 130; and Ornette Coleman, 62, 63 Ayler, Albert, 1, 7, 85, 99, 135, 152; and BARTS, 94, 108, 128; and Black Arts Movement, 99–100, 115, 122; and the jazz audience, 126, 127, 132, 149; and the Euro-American avant-garde, 109, 113; and record companies, 140; and second wave free improvisers, 75, 84, 156 Ayler, Don, 113 Bach, Johan Sebastien, 27 Baker, Chet, 26 Baker, David, 145, 161, 165, 166 Balanchine, George, 12, 171 Balliett, Whitney, 3, 71, 103, 156; on Archie Shepp, 119; on Cecil Taylor, 58; on ‘‘Four Days in December,’’ 140; on Jazz 240 Index Balliett, Whitney (continued) at Lincoln Center, 190; on Ornette Coleman , 51, 65 Baraka, Amiri (LeRoi Jones), 4, 7, 101, 148; and BARTS, 93–94, 108–9, 128; and Black Arts Movement, 97, 163; and Blues People, 103–8; and centrality of music to cultural nationalism, 98–108, 114–15, 119–21, 122, 149–50, 171, 189; criticism of, 120, 158, 188–89, 210 n. 35; on free jazz, 104, 106, 109, 110, 211 n. 60 Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 42 Barrett, Lindsay, 114 Bartók, Bela, 57, 61 Baryshnikov, Mikhail, 5 Barzun, Jacques, 12 Basie, Count, 32 Basin Street East (New York), 82 Beal, Frances, 188 The Beatles, 82, 110, 138; and rock music’s growing sophistication, 134–37. See also specific recordings beats, 54; and literature, 112; writers, 16, 76 ‘‘Beautiful Black Men,’’ 98 bebop, 6, 20, 26, 27, 36, 52, 87, 112, 152, 183; and comparisons to free jazz, 63, 67; cultural identity of, 6, 10–11, 15–16, 25, 26, 76, 104; and Voice of America, 24 Bechet, Sidney, 106 The Beer Can by the Highway, 39 Belair, Felix, 18, 24 Benton, William, 43, 193 n. 11 Berman, Ronald, 171 Bernstein, Leonard, 12, 74 Berry, Chuck, 5, 35, 50, 81. See also specific recordings Biddle, Livingston, 171 Big Brother and the Holding Company, 135 The Big Combo, 36 Birdhouse (Chicago), 127 Birdland (New York), 82, 130 Birth of the Cool, 25, 26, 28, 29 Bitches Brew, 159 black aesthetic, 97–98, 124, 172; and African American music, 7, 103, 106, 110, 120, 122, 150, 188 The Black Aesthetic, 163 Black Artists for Community Action, 177 Black Artists Group (BAG), 145 Black Arts Movement, 97–98, 106, 107, 120, 171, 189; and jazz, 7, 8, 92, 94, 99–100, 103, 109, 117, 121, 148–49, 151, 155, 156, 163, 167, 188, 190 Black Arts Repertory Theater/School (BARTS), 93, 108–9, 128, 129, 188 Black Fire, 163 Black Panther Party, 96, 97, 188, 189 black power, 94–97 black public sphere, 123, 148 Black Student...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780812201123
Related ISBN
9780812220032
MARC Record
OCLC
802047776
Pages
264
Launched on MUSE
2013-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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