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I think Miss Spencer is quite certain to hear that I have seen Miss Stevenson, and may think I have gone over to the enemy. (Enemy says she will carry my flowers to Edinburgh!!!) Editor: Late in 1897 Nightingale sent ‘‘loving messages’’ and a ‘‘nice writing case’’ to Spencer.493 It seems that the storm over the inquiry cleared and Spencer did not leave her position until 1900. She was succeeded as matron by the same Louisa Stevenson, with whom Nightingale had no further correspondence. Nightingale’s last (general) letter to nurses, now very brief, was to the nurses and probationers at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. Source: Letter to the Nursing Staff of the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh University LHB1/111 letter 7 January 1905 I wish you to convey to all your nurses and probationers my most hearty good wishes for the New Year. I pray with all my heart that God will bless the work abundantly in Edinburgh Infirmary, and enable the workers to do it for Him, in the love which we owe Him. Other Scottish Hospitals Glasgow Royal Infirmary Editor: There were early exchanges about nursing in Glasgow with businessman David Smith, to whom Nightingale sent her Notes on Nursing for the Labouring Classes in 1861. Smith replied with ideas as to how to use her book in Glasgow, and that he hoped to apply the book to other institutions where he was a director, naming the City Poor House and Asylum for the Blind. He would get a supply of books for their nurses.494 There is also correspondence with him in Hospital Reform about the inferior structure of the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. In contrast with the lengthy and close connection with the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Nightingale’s involvement with the Glasgow Royal Infirmary would be minimal. Reasons for this become clear in the ensuing correspondence. In 1874, or two years after the work at Edinburgh had begun, Nightingale was engaged in the staffing of the Glasgow Royal Infir493 Spencer letter 17 December 1897, Add Mss 47751 f149. 494 Letter 31 July 1861, Add Mss 45797 f243. 378 / Florence Nightingale: Extending Nursing mary. Quite apart from defects in the building, its administration was grossly at fault, she thought, especially for not following the principle of an independent nursing staff with its own hierarchy. Nightingale was evidently first approached by a nurse, Amy Caroline Worthington (c1846-?), who had gone to Edinburgh after training at St Thomas’ in 1872, and who wanted a position as head nurse at Glasgow. Rebecca Strong (1843-1944)495 was a young widow with a child when she began her training at St Thomas’ in 1867. She went to Winchester, briefly to Netley and then back to Winchester for five years. After a position at Dundee (noted below) she became matron at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary in 1879. The position, however, worked out badly and her recommendation for a nurses’ home was turned down. She resigned to open a private nursing home. After six years she was invited back, on her own terms. As matron, Strong established a training school, exceptionally with a three-month preliminary training period (i.e., before entry into the wards), an innovation of which Nightingale disapproved . The medical instructor at Glasgow, James Wallace Anderson , actively promoted preliminary training. In 1883 he published a textbook for nurses, Lectures on Medical Nursing, which Nightingale gave copies of to her own nurses, although she did not agree with all of it. The last item on Glasgow, from 1893, shows Nightingale objecting both to the preliminary training requirement, because, among other reasons, the prospective probationers were required to find board and lodgings in the city while they took it, as opposed to being given rooms in a nurses’ home. Source: From a letter and a note to Henry Bonham Carter, Add Mss 47719 ff53-54 and 58-59 6 July 1874 Miss Worthington. Mrs Wardroper was with me yesterday: she has had a letter from Miss Worthington, saying that the Glasgow situation would be delightful, and begging Mrs Wardroper to write a character of her to the Glasgow chairman at once. You will remember what Miss Pringle wrote to me, that the Glasgow situation was ‘‘impossible,’’ owing to the matron, Miss Tait, and pro495 On Strong see Cope, Six Disciples of Florence Nightingale 25-34; John Patrick, Short History of Glasgow Royal Infirmary; an obituary in The Lancet 27...


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