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153 Index Surnames starting with “Al” or “Al-” are alphabetized by the following part of the name. Abdulmutallab, Umar Farouk, 95, 100, 101, 102 Acute emergency detention scenario, 11, 95–102. See also Crisis detentions Al-Adahi, Mohammed, 83–84, 88–89 Adams, John, 39 Administrative Review Boards (ARBs), 76, 80, 86 Afghanistan, proxy detentions in, 3, 5, 18, 23, 59, 98, 103 Alcoholics, protective custody for, 35, 53 Alien Enemies Act of 1798, 39–40, 41 Alien Terrorist Removal Court, 114 al Qaeda: evidence of membership or support of, 73–75, 82–83; as subject to noncriminal detention, 68 al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, 145 American Civil Liberties Union, 44 American Journal of International Law, 40 Appellate courts. See D.C. Circuit ARBs. See Administrative Review Boards Army Field Manual on interrogations , 78, 144 “Associated forces” subject to noncriminal detention, 68 Attorney, right to. See Right to counsel Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF): detention policy based on, 32, 60; and legacy detainees, 127; as legal basis for executive detentions, 68 Bagram detention facility: detainees held in, 18; evidentiary value of statements made at, 79; legacy detainees policy for, 120; screening process for, 118 08-0491-1 index.indd 153 10/14/10 6:14 PM 154     Index Bail, 44–45 Bail Reform Act of 1984, 44 Bosnian Algerian detainees, 98 Boumediene v. Bush (2008), 57, 67 Brown, Janice Rogers, 128 Burden of proof: in habeas corpus reviews, 57, 64, 66–67, 72–91; quantity of evidence needed for, 86–91; time’s effect on, 70–71 Bureau of Justice Statistics, 45 Bureau of Prisons, 50 Burr, Aaron, 42 Bush, George W.: and acute emergency detentions, 101; on class of people subject to noncriminal detention, 68, 69; and closing of Guantánamo, 14, 22; counterterrorism legal policies of, 139–40; and denial of detention problem, 141; detention policy of, 32; and hybrid figures category, 116; and military commissions, 144; and preventive detention of enemy combatants, 57; and release of detainees, 2, 21, 145; and screening procedures for unlawful enemy combatants, 118 California, civil commitment of drug addicts in, 53 Capture operations: kill operations vs., 24–25; large numbers of enemy forces captured scenario, 11, 95, 103–9 Categories of detainees, 114, 115. See also Criminal suspects category ; Fighters category; Hybrid figures category Categories of situations, 120–37 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): and interrogation legislation, 144; and rendition program, 98–99; secret prisons program, 109, 139 Certainty in legal framework, 63–64 Chemical dependency, protective custody for, 53–54 Chesney, Robert, 61 CIA. See Central Intelligence Agency Circumstantial evidence, 81–84 Civilian nationals, preventive detention for, 35, 39 Civil liberties organizations, 44, 116 Civil War, U.S., 42 Closing of Guantánamo: campaign promises for, 13–14, 113; and due process rights, 18–19; and legal framework for detention, 19–20; meanings of, 14–15;­ symbolism of, 21–22 Coerced statements. See Involuntary statements Colorado, protective custody in, 54 Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs), 76, 80, 86 Common law detention powers, 36 Communicable diseases, preventive detention for, 35, 48, 51–52 Conditional probability analysis, 83–84, 91 Congress: and detention policy, 11–12, 13; on preventive detention of enemy combatants, 57 Constitution, U.S.: excessive bail prohibition in, 44; and legacy detainee questions, 130; suspension clause, 35, 42 Counterterrorism: categories of detainees for, 115; effectiveness 08-0491-1 index.indd 154 10/14/10 6:14 PM Index     155 leading to discomfort with tools of, 2; law enforcement approach to, 29, 116, 140, 142; and preventive detention law, 34 Courts. See D.C. Circuit; Judiciary Craig, Gregory, 144 Criminal justice system: and acute emergency detentions in U.S., 95, 100; circumstantial evidence in, 81; and detention policy, 104; as intelligence tool, 102, 115, 117, 122; involuntary statements inadmissible in, 77; and large number of detainees scenario, 107; optimization of, 122–25; preventive detention in, 35, 37, 43–46 Criminal suspects category, 115, 116–18 Crisis detentions: and criminal justice system optimization, 121, 123; delayed presentment for, 124–25. See also Acute emergency detention scenario CSRTs. See Combatant Status Review Tribunals D.C. Circuit (U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit): on class of people subject to noncriminal detention, 68, 69; on evidentiary standards for habeas corpus reviews, 72–91; on future dangerousness requirement, 85; and hearsay evidence, 76; on jurisdiction over Bagram detainees, 18; and legal framework for detention , 65–67; and mosaic theory of evidence, 83–84. See also specific judges Delayed presentment. See...


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