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603 Index Abascal, Ralph, 280, 580n8 ABC News, 314–15, 407 Abel, Tyler, 446 ableism, 17, 25, 61, 352, 374, 563n92 Able-Disabled Advocacy, 231 abuse: as hate crimes, 561n70; in institutions/ medical settings, 52–53, 56–58, 84, 132, 179, 291, 315, 377, 560–61n69, 571n3, 584n6; of children with disabilities, 46–47, 52, 56–57, 63, 124, 291, 399, 493; of psychiatric survivors, 77, 283, 287, 291, 300 ACCD. See American Coalition of Citizens with Disabilities access, architectural, 65, 90–91, 126, 190, 356–57, 485, 545, 553–54, 560n65, 569n3; architects opposed to, 191; and CAPH, 160, 164–65; as civil right, 344, 357; and CRAB, 121; and cognitive disabilities, 338; and curb cuts/ ramps, 106, 120; in housing, 162–63, 193, 204; lack of, as discrimination, 18, 61; in public facilities: (bathrooms) 109–10, 273, 545, (churches) 539, (courthouses) 195, 441, (jails) 338, 392–93, (hotels) 343, (stores) 485; in schools/campuses, 69–70, 106, 123, 164, 190–92. See also Architectural Barriers Act of 1968; Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988; McDonald’s; University of California at Berkeley; University of Illinois access, telecommunications, 497, 528–30. See also Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990: Title IV; Strauss, Karen Peltz; telephone relay services access, transportation, 266, 377–78, 438, 484, 486, 501, 530; after ADA, 551–53; and Berkeley CIL, 223; and CAPH, 164–66; and DIA, 193–95; mainline vs. paratransit, 499– 500; and PVA, 359–60; and Washington Metro, 106, 247. See also ADAPT; Transbus; Weisman, Jim Access California, 481 Access Institute, 362 ACORN (Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now), 299, 582n9 Action League for Physically Handicapped Adults (ALPHA), 239–40 ADA Regional Contact Persons, 482–84 Adams, Joe Kennedy, 236 ADAPT, 376–96; and APTA, 378, 385, 481; and ADA, 381, 388, 515–21; in Capitol Rotunda sit-in, 515, 518–21; and Disability Rag, 239, 242–44, 384; founding of, 378; hunger strike by, 391; and ILCs, 382, 515, 518; and Kemp Jr., 447, 516; and media, 519; mentioned, 31, 255, 361, 476, 583n3; in Montreal, 389–90; name change, 378, 548; and nursing homes, 385, 548, 549, 583n3, 598n3; and Olmstead v. L.C. and E.W., 549; and People First, 337–38; police response to, 383–85, 390–95; in Salt Lake City, 387–88; in Sparks, NV, 385, 390–91, illus.; tactics, 382–84; violence toward, 387, 390–91; and Wright, 516, 519; in Washington, DC, 392–93, 515–21. See also Atlantis Community; Blank, Reverend Wade; Capitol “crawl-up”; Wheels of Justice Advocado Press, 238 Age Discrimination Act of 1975, 414 Aid to Retarded Citizens, 267 AIDS. See HIV/AIDS Air Carrier Access Act of 1986, 28 Alinsky, Saul, 157, 262, 299, 383 All Berkeley Coalition, 293 Amaday, Nancy, 189 American Association of People with Disabilities Disability Vote Project, 594n8 American Bar Association, 492 American Coalition of Citizens with Disabilities (ACCD), 88, 125, 246–60, 312, 355, 359, 493; by-laws, 250; civil rights 604 INDEX American Coalition of Citizens (continued) focus of, 251, 258; debate over name, 251; demise of, 260; and Disability Rag, 241; and HEW demonstrations, 26, 261–62, 266, 271, 278, 279; leadership training by, 257; and national movement, 258; and NFB, 20; and Reagan administration, 413. See also Bowe, Frank; Fay, Fred; Fiorito, Eunice; Frieden, Lex; Heumann, Judith; HEW demonstrations; Schreiber, Fred American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 119, 460, 577n9 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 248 American Council of the Blind (ACB), 23, 578– 79n8; and ACCD, 247, 248, 249, 258, 260 American Disabled for Accessible Public Transit. See ADAPT American Disabled for Attendant Programs Today. See ADAPT American Federation of the Physically Handicapped (AFPH), 19–20, 22, 23, 113 American Legion, 95, 96, 97, 359 American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 22, 100, 155 American Psychiatric Association, 296, 300–301 American Public Transit Association (APTA), 213, 585n2; and ADAPT, 378, 386–87, 481; and Transbus, 360, 585–86n4 American Sign Language (ASL), 156, 247, 343, 397, 404 Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), 487; backlash against, 548–49; and “bankruptcy standard,” 447, 465–66; and CCD, 533–34; and Chapman amendment, 522, 524–26, 528, 531–32, 541, 542, 594n3; and civil rights coalition, 28–29; and Civil Rights Act of 1964, 463–64; and Congressional Black Caucus, 436, 457; and definition of disability, 448, 460–61, 555; as “disability community’s bill,” 466; and disability press, 244, 484–85; and “disability pride day,” 261; and DREDF, 344, 440; economic impact...



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  • United States. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
  • People with disabilities -- Civil rights -- United States -- History.
  • People with disabilities -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- History.
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