14. SLAVE-TRADING MATTERS
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BOOK FIFTY /CENSUSES 14 SLAVE-TRADING MATTERS 1 ULPIAN,Sabinus, book 42: Cases of slave-trading are prosecuted rightfully by law. 2 ULPIAN,Edict, book 31: If a slave-trader has become a surety in the recording of a debt, as many of them do, we must see if he can be held liable as a mandator. And I think that he cannot be held, since he rather indicates than mandates the debt, although he approves it. I hold the same view even if he has accepted something as an act of charity; nor will there be an action on hire. Clearly, if he has got the better of a creditor by clever deceit, he will be subject to an action for deceit. 3 ULPIAN,All Seats of Judgment, book 8: Governors usually hear cases concerning slave-trading, although it is demeaning, but in such a way that in these affairs also there is a limit both to the amount at stake and to the affair in which they performed their small service or provided some assistance. It is more difficult for what the Greeks call herrneneutikon to be the subject of an action before them, if perchance a slavetrader was in a position of friendship or assessorship or something else of that kind; for there are functions for this kind of man, as one would expect in so large a state. For there is a kind of slave-trader who is useful in a not unreasonable way in sale and purchase and cornrnercia and lawful contracts. 15 CENSUSES 1 ULPIAN,Censuses, book 1: One must realize that there are some colonies with jus Italicurn, as in Syria Phoenice, the most splendid colony of the Tyrians, which is my place of origin, outstanding in its territories, of very ancient foundation, powerful in war, always loyal to the treaty it made with the Romans; for the deified Severus and our emperor granted it jus Italicurn because of its great and conspicuous faithfulness toward the Roman state and empire. 1. But the colony of Berytus also in the same province was raised up by favor of Augustus and is, as the deified Hadrian says in a speech, an Augustan colony which possesses jus Italicurn. 2. There is also the colony of Heliopolis, which received from the deified Severus on the occasion of civil war the status of an Italian colony. 3. There is also the colony of Laodicea in Syria Coele to which the deified Severus granted jus Italicum because of its services in civil war. For the colony of Ptolemais, which lies between Phoenice and Palestine, has nothing but the name of colony. 4. But our emperor also gave the status of colony to the community of Emisa in Phoenice and conferred the jus Italicurn on it. 5. There is also the community of Palmyra in the province of Phoenice, sited near the peoples and nations of the barbarians. 6. In Palestine there were two colonies, Caesarea and Aelia Capitolina , but neither has the jus Italicurn. 7. The deified Severus also founded a colony in the community of Sebaste. 8. In Dacia also the colonyof Zerna was founded by the deified Trajan with the jus Italicurn. 9. Zarmizegetusa also has the same status. Likewise, the colonies of Napoca and Apulum and the village of Patavissa [Potaissa] BOOK FIFTY /CENSUSES 14 SLAVE-TRADING MATTERS 445 1 ULPIAN, Sabinus, book 42: Cases of slave-trading are prosecuted rightfully by law. 2 ULPIAN, Edict, book 31: If a slave-trader has become a surety in the recording of a debt, as many of them do, we must see if he can be held liable as a mandator. And I think that he cannot be held, since he ratber indicates than mandates the debt, although he approves it. I hold the same view even if he has accepted something as an act of charity; nor will there be an action on hire. Clearly, if he has got the better of a creditor by clever deceit, he will be subject to an action for deceit. 3 ULPIAN, All Seats of Judgment, book 8: Governors usually hear cases concerning slave-trading, although it is demeaning, but in such a way that in these affairs also there is a limit both to the amount at stake and to the affair in which they performed their small service or provided some assistance. It is more difficult for what the Greeks call hermeneutikon to be the subject of an action...


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