restricted access 13. LEX JULIA ON EMBEZZLEMENT [OF PUBLIC MONEY], ON SACRILEGE, AND ON MONEYS REMAINING
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BOOK FORTY-EIGIITIEMBEZZLEMENT 345 statute on extortion cannot be usucapted. 1. The same statute voids sales or hirings made at a higher or lower price on those grounds, and prevents usucapion until the property returns to the control of him from whom it came, or of his heir. 9 PAPINIAN, Replies, book 5: Those who, after accepting money, have violated a duty publicly enjoined on them are accused on a charge of extortion. LEX JULIA ON THE CORN SUPPLY 1 MARCIAN, Institutes, book 2: Legal proceedings have taken place between a slave and his master if the formerstatesthat the master has defrauded the public corn supply. 2 ULPIAN,Duties of Proconsul, book 9: The Lex Julia on the corn supply lays down a penalty for the man who does something prejudicial to the corn supply or who enters into a partnership with the intention of putting up the price of the corn supply. 1.The same statute contains a provision that no one is to hold back a ship or a ship master or to do anything with malicious intent by which they may be delayed. 2. And a penalty of twenty aurei is laid down. 3 PAPIRIUS JUSTUS,Imperial Constitutions, book 1: The Emperors Antoninus and Verus, Augusti, wrote a rescript in these words: "It is grossly unjust for the decurions to sell grain to their citizens more cheaply than the corn supply requires." 1. The same emperors wrote in a rescript that it is not lawful for the ordo [of decurions] of any civitas to lay down the price of any grain which is found. Again, they wrote the following words in a rescript: "Even if women do not customarily bring this type of accusation, still, because you promise to produce evidence of matters which relate to the use of the corn supply, you have authority to inform the prefect of the corn supply." LEX J U L I A ON EMBEZZLEMENT [OF PUBLIC MONEY], ON SACRILEGE, AND ON MONEYS REMAINING 1 ULPIAN,Sabinus, book 44: It is provided by the lex Julia on embezzlement [of public money] that no one is to take [anything] away from any money dedicated to sacred or religious or public purposes, nor divert it, nor to convert it to his own use, nor to make it possible for anyone else to take away, divert, or convert it, unless he is a person to whom this is permitted by statute. Nor is anyone to put anything into, or mix anything with, the gold, silver, and bronze [which is] public [property], so as to debase it, nor, knowingly and with malicious intent, to make possible such an addition or mixing. 2 PAUL,Sabinus, book 11: A person is liable under the lex Julia on moneys remaining if he has retained public money entrusted to him for a particular purpose and has not used it all up for that purpose. 3 ULPIAN,Adulteries, book 1: The penalty for embezzlement [of public money] includes interdiction from fire and water, which has today been succeeded by deportation . In addition, anyone who is reduced to this status forfeits his property as well as all his former legal rights. 4 MARCIAN, Institutes, book 14: A person is liable under the lex Julia on embezzlement [of public money] if he takes away or intercepts any money dedicated to sacred or religious purposes. 1. Also, anyone who removes something given to an immortal god is liable to the penalty for embezzlement [of public money]. 2. It is laid down further in the [imperial] mandates on sacrilege that provincial governors are to track down those who commit sacrilege, brigands, and kidnappers, and punish each according to the degree of his offense. And it is so provided in the constitutions, that those who commit sacrilege are to be punished with a fitting penalty extra ordinem. BOOK FORTY-EIGIIT IEMBEZZLEMENT 345 statute on extortion cannot be usucapted. 1. The same statute voids sales or hirings made at a higher or lower price on those grounds, and prevents usucapion until the property returns to the control of him from whom it came, or of his heir. 9 PAPINIAN, Replies, book 5: Those who, after accepting money, have violated a duty publicly enjoined on them are accused on a charge of extortion. 12 LEX JULIA ON THE CORN SUPPLY 1 MARCIAN, Institutes, book 2: Legal proceedings have taken place between a slave and his master ifthe former states that the master has defrauded the public corn...


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