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APPENDIX [GG]. 471 retaincd by a 111el'C act of' memory, and which is necessary in after life; when the acquisition of it would both be more troublesome, and 'would encroach on time tbat might otherwise be better employed. Chronology, names of countries, weights and measures, and indeed all the words of any language , al'e of this description. If a child had even ten times the ordinary dcgrce of' the faculty in question, a judicious teacher would find abundance of useful employmcnt for it, without l'esOl,ting to any that could IJOssibly be detrimental to his future habits, moral, l'eligious, or intellectuaL"London Review, 1829, No. II. Art. V. (( Juvenile Library," pp. 412, 413. [GG,] Part II. Chap, 1. § 1. p. 179.« So great is the outCl'y which it has been the f'ashion among some pOl'sons for several years past to raise against e:cpediency, that the very word has beeomc almost an illomcned sound. It seems to be thought by many a sufficient ground of condemnation of any legislator to say that he is guided by views of' expediency. And some seem even to be ashamed of acknowledging that they are in any degree so guided, I, for one, however, am content to submit to the imputation of being a votary of expediency_ And what is more, I do not see what right any 011e who is not so has to sit in Parliament, 01' to take any PU1-t in public affairs. Any one who may chuse to acknowledge that the measures he opposes are expedient, or that those he recommends are in~ expedient, ought manifestly to have no seat in a deliberative assembly, which is constituted for the cxpl'ess and sole pUl·.. pose of considering what measures are conducive to tite public good;-in other words, (expedient.' I say, the (p~tblia good,' because, of eourse, by (cxpe(lieney' we mean, not that which may benefit some individual, 01' some pady 01' class of' men, at the expense of the Public, but what conduces to the good of the Nation. Now this, it is evident, is the very object for 472 APPENDIX (GG]. which deliberative Assemblies are constituted. And so far is this from being regarded, by om' Church at least, as something at variance with religious duty, that we have a pl'ayer specially appointed to be offered up during the sitting of the Houses of Parliament, that their consultations may be (directed and prospered fO!' the safetv, !wnQUrj and welfm·tJ of our Sovereign and her dominions.' Now, if this be not the very definition of political expediency, let anyone say what is. "But some pel'sons are so much at variance with the doctrine of our Church on this point,-and I may add, with all sound moralists,~as to speak of expediency as something that is, or may be, at variance with duty. 1£ anyone really holds that it can ever be expedient to violate the injunctions ofduty, -that he who does so is not sacrificing a greater good to a less, (which all would admit to be inexpedient,)-that it call be really advantageous to do what is morally w1'ong,-and will come forward and acknowledge that to be his belief, I have only to protest, for my own pali, with the deepest abhorrence , against what I conceive to be so profligate a principle . It shocks all the notions of morality that I have been accustomed from childhood to entertain, to speak of expediency being possibly or conceivably opposed to rectitude. (( There are indeed many questions of expediency in which morality has no concern, one way or the other, In what way, for example, a husbandman should cultivate his field, or in what branch of trade a merchant should invest his capital, al'e questions ofexpediency in which there is usually no mOl'a} right or wrong on either side. But where there is moral right and wrong, it can never be expedient to chuse the wrong. If the husbandman or the merchant should seek to gain increased profits by defrauding his neighbour, this would be at variance with expediency, because it would be sacrificing a greater good to a less. (For what would it profit a man if he should gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?' " I believe however that the greater part of those who raise a clamour against expediency mean, in reality, an apparent, but false and delusive...


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