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444 APPENDIX [GJ. to have a chaplain to attend the sick, and to pay such a chaplain out of the hospital funds. Whether it will be propel' to have such a chaplain at all, and of what religious persuasion such a chaplain ought to be, must depend on circumstances. There may be a town in which it would be impossible to set up a good hospital without the help of people of different opinions. And religious parties may run so high, that, though people of different opinions are willing to contribute for the relief of the sick, they will not concur iu the choice of any one chaplain. The high churchman insists that, if there is a paid chaplain, he shall be a high churchman. 'rhe evangclicals stickle for an evangelical. Here it would evidently be absurd and cruel to let a useful and humane design, about which all are agreed, faU to the ground, because all cannot agree about something else. The governors must either appoint two chaplaius, and pay them both, or they must appoint none: and everyone of them must, in his individual capacity , do what he can for the purpose of providing the sick with such religious instruction and consolation as will, in his opinion, be most useful to them. (( We should say the same of government. Government is not an institution for the propagation of religion, any more than St. George's hospital is an institution fodhe propagation of religion. And the most absurd and pernicious consequences would follow, if government should pursue, as its primary end, that which can never be morc than its secondary end; though intJ:insically more important than its primary end. But a government which considers the religious in~ struction of the people as a secondary end, and follows out that principle faithfully! will, we think, be likely to do much good, and little harm."-Pp. 275,276. [G.] Part I. Ohap. III. § 3. p. 136. U Theirs" (the New-Testament-writers) "is a history of miracles; the historical picture of the scene in which the APPENDIX [OJ. 44.11 Spirit of God was poured on all :flesh, and signs and wonders, visions and dreams, were pal't of the essentials of their narratives . How is all this related? With the same absence of high colouring and extravagant description with which other writers notice the ordinary occurrences of the world: partly no doubt for the like reason, that they were really familial' with miracles; partly too because to them these miracles had long been contemplated only as subservient measures to the great object and business of their ministry-the salvation of men's souls. On the subject of miracles, the means to this great end, they speak in calm, unimpassioned 1anguage; on man's sins, change of heart, on lope, faith, and charity; on the objects in short to be effected, they exhaust all their feelings and eloquence. Theil' history, from the narrative of our Lord's persecutions to those of Paul, the abomination of the Jews, embl'aces scenes and personages which claim from the ordinary reader a continual effusion of SOl'l'OW 01' wonder, or indignation. In writers who were fl'iends of the parties, and adherents of the cause for which they did and snffered so great things) the absence of it is on ordinary gTounds inconceivable. Look at the account even of the crucifixion. Not one burst of indignation or sympathy mixes with the details of the narrative . Stephen the first martyr is stoned, and the account comprised in these few worels, ( They stoned Stephen ealling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, l'eceive my spirit.' The varied and immense labours and sufferings of the apostles are slightly hinted at, 01' else related in this dry and frigid way. t And when they had called the apostles, and beaten them, they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go*.' t And there came thither certain Jews fl'om Antioch and Iconium who persuaded the people, and having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, supposing be had been dead. Howbeit, as the disciples stood round about him, he rose up, and came into the city; and the llext day he departed with Bal'llabas to Derbet.' Had these authors no feeling? Had their mode of life bereaved them of :I< Acts v. 4.0, 41. t Acts xiv. 19, 20. 446 APPENDIX [II]. the common,sympathies amI sensibilitics of human nature? Read such passages as St. Paul's parting address to the elders of Miletus; the same apostle's recommendation of the offending member of the Corinthian Church to pal'clon; and, morc than all, the occasional bursts of conflicting feeling, in which anxious a1)1)1'ohen8ion for the faith and good behaviour of his converts is mixe(l with the pleasing recollection of their conversion , and the minister and the man arc alike strongly dis~ played j amI it will be plain that Christianity exercised no benumbing influence on the heart. No: their whole soul was occupied with one object, which predominated over all the means subservient to it, however great those means might be. In tIle stmm, tfte pilot's eye is jicced on the headlandwIdell must be weaf/tm'ed; in the crisi8 of victory m' (lefeat, the genera/8ees only tlw p08ition to be carried; and tlte dead and tlte inst1'Ument8 of death fall (l1'ound kim unheeded. On the salvation of men, on this one point, the witnesses of Christ and the mi~ nisters of his Spilit, expended all theil' energy of feeling and expression. All that occurred-mischance, persecution, and miracle~were glancecl at by the eye of faith only in subsel'~ "iency to this mark of the prize of their high calling, as work~ ing together fol' good, and all exempt from the associations which would attach to such events and scenes, when contem~ plated by themselves, and with the short~sightedness of uninspired men, Miracles were not to them objects of wonder; nor misehances a subject of Borrow and lamentation. TIley did all, they suffered aU! to the glory of God."-London Re~ view, No. ii. p.845. [H.] Pm't II. Olzap. II. §2. p. 193. tt First, as to p1'occimity of time, everyone knows; that any melancholy incident is the more affecting that it is 'recent. Hence it is become eommon wHh story-tellers, that they may make a deeper impression on the hearers, to introduce remarks like these: that the tale which they relate is not old, that it ...


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