Index
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287 index abolitionism, 184–86 Aborigines Protection Society, 112, 121 Abraham, 33 acclimatization, 181 Account of the Regular Gradation in Man. See White, Charles. Acosta, José de, 20 Adair, James, 67 Adam: and anthropology, 119–25; Augustine on, 14–15; birth of, 137, 138, 167–68; as black, 120; bloodline of, 180, 214–18; body of, 6–7, 138–39, 162, 167; as Caucasian, 101, 102, 103, 105, 156, 214–18, 242n87; colour of, 92, 126, 151, 198; creation of, 1, 205; as Cro-Magnon man, 205; and Darwinism , 154–67; descended from black forebears, 145, 150, 151, 153; as dolichocephalic, 118; ethnological advocates, 121–25; and evolution, 7, 139–40, 155–68, 209–10; father of the Jews, 35, 36, 54, 106, 132, 221; Hebrew meaning of, 153; intelligence of, 213; language of, 49, 116–17; and monstrous races, 13–14; as myth, 111, 154, 174; not first man, 6; as olive colour, 125; political significance of, 52, 54, 64–79, 221; predated by American Indians, 22, 23, 24; representation of, 2; as representative of humanity, 156; restricted location of, 90; Sabian speculations about, 8; significance for conservatives, 201, 214; and slavery, 65; as stumbling block, 81; in tropical paradise, 2; views of Agassiz, 95; views of Bruno, 23–24; views of Fleming, 205; views of Lane, 101; views of La Peyrère, 26–27, 32–37; views of Macloskie, 158–59; views of Messenger, 165–67; views of Nemo, 106; views of Ponton, 135; views of Randolph, 111–12; views of Short, 160–61; views of Smyth, 180–81; views of Winchell, 145, 150, 153, 186–91; views of Wiseman, 128. See also co-adamites; monogenism; polygenism ; pre-adamites Adam and the Adamite, 103–5; reviews of 105–6. See also McCausland, Dominick Adamites and Preadamites. See Winchell, Alexander Adger, John, 182 African Methodist Episcopal Church, 185, 198 Africans: Hamitic origins of, 54, 182, 192, 198, 199, 200; humanity of, 65, 185; as inferior, 68–69, 73, 190; preadamite origins of, 215–16; as subhuman , 193, 197, 198–99 Agassiz, Louis, 99, 122, 126, 147, 156, 159, 180, 181, 184, 199, 208; admired by 288 Index Agassiz, Louis (continued) Hodge, 125; and American School of Ethnology, 173, 176; and centers of creations, 95–97; glacial theory of, 89, 90; Macloskie on, 158; support of M.S., 195 Alexander, Archibald, 125 Alexander II, Pope, 26, 37 Almond, Philip, 41 Ambrose, Saint, 165 America: as degenerate, 59; Indians as of Jewish origin, 67; Indians in, 19, 22, 67, 121; and La Peyrère, 28–31; links with Greenland, 28; peopling of, 16, 17, 22, 30, 59; as projection of Europe, 16, 18 Americanism, 163 American Methodism, and evolution, 142–46. See also Whedon, Daniel; Winchell, Alexander American Philosophical Society, 74 American Republic, 73–79 American School of Ethnology, 141–42, 164, 173–80; critics of, 180–86 Amringe, Frederick van, 94, 97, 99 Anderson, Eric, 185–86 Annalsof WorldHistory.SeeUssher,James Ansted, David Thomas, 88 Anthropological Society of London, 112, 171–73. See also Ethnological Society of London anthropology: adamic, 119–25; and monogenism , 119–25; and polygenism, 112–19, 170–80; and pre-adamism, 112–19, 222; theology and 125–35. See also ethnology anthropometry, 118, 175–76, 188, 190, 197. See also crania anti-evolutionism, 201–8 apologetics, 80, 81, 99, 108; of Agassiz, 95–97; of Amringe, 94; of Christmas , 87; of Duncan, 87–91; of Gall, 91–93; of Harris, 82–84; of Lane and Poole, 100–102; of McCausland , 103–5; of Morris, 85; of Nemo, 106–7; of Thomas, 85–87 Aquinas, Saint Thomas, 162, 165, 166 archetypal plans, 142, 173 Argyll, George Douglas Campbell, Duke of, 105, 151 Ariel controversy, 192–97. See also Payne, Buckner H. Aristotle, 10; on natural slaves, 19–20 Armstrong, George, 183 Arngrim, Jonasen, 31 Aryan Nations, 217. See also Christian Identity Movement Assyrian chronology, 53. See also world chronology Atkins, John, 61 Atkinson, Edward, 131 Augstein, H. F., 174 Augustine, Saint, 9, 10, 129, 162; views on Adam, 14–15 Aztec Calendar Stone, 24 Babel, tower of, 41, 49, 60, 76 Babylonian chronology, 53. See also world chronology Bachman, John, 116, 180, 184; and black inferiority, 181 Baldwin, Samuel Davies, 184 Ballenstedt, Johann Georg Justus, 241n70 Banks, Joseph, 71 Barnes, Ernest W., 204 Basil, Saint, 165 Bayle, Pierre, 27, 37 Bayly, Chris, 254n61 Bea, Augustin, 209 Beattie, James, 60 Before Adam, 223. See also London, Jack Bendysche, Thomas, 115–16 Berg, Lev Simonovich, 161 Berkhof, Louis, 208...


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