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NOTES Notes to Introduction 1. Coleridge and James Russell Lowell are quoted in Anthony Low, The Blaze of Noon: A Reading of Samson Agonistes (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974), 2–3; George Steiner, The Death of Tragedy (New York: Knopf, 1961), 232; Watson Kirkconnell, That Invincible Samson: The Theme of Samson Agonistes in World Literature with Translations of the Major Analogues (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1964), viii; and William R. Parker, Milton’s Debt to Greek Tragedy in Samson Agonistes (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1969), 250. 2. For these assessments, see Frank Magill, Critical Survey (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Salem Press, 1985); Frederick Link, English Drama (Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1976); William Adams, Dictionary of English Literature (Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1966); Clarence L. Barnhart, ed., The New Century Handbook of English Literature (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967); Arthur Pollard, ed., Webster’s New World Companion to English and American Literature (New York: World Publishers, 1973); Fredson Bowers, ed., The Dictionary of Literary Biography, vol. 58 (Detroit: Gale Research Company, 1987); and Ian Ousby, ed., The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988). Alfred Harbage’s description can be found in his Annals of English Drama, 975–1700: An Analytical Record of All Plays, Extant or Lost, Chronologically Arranged and Indexed by Authors, Titles, Dramatic Companies, &c., rev. S. Schoenbaum (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1964), 225. 3. “Theoretics or Polemics?: Milton Criticism and the ‘Dramatic Axiom,’” PMLA 82 (December 1967): 505–15. 4. For his comments on Comus, see Samuel Johnson, Lives of the English Poets, ed. George B. Hill, vol. 5 (New York: Octagon Books, 1967), 230; and Rambler, vol. 3 (London, 1796), 162, for his discussion of Samson Agonistes. 5. Milton’s poetry is quoted from John Milton: The Complete Poems, ed. John Leonard (New York: Penguin Books, 1998). 178 Notes to Pages xiv–xviii 179 6. See Anthony Low, “Milton’s Samson and the Stage, with Implications for Dating the Play,” Huntington Library Quarterly 40 (1977): 313–24; quotations , 313, 317. 7. Robert Hume, “The Aims and Limits of Historical Scholarship,” Review of English Studies 53 (August 2002): 399–422; quotation, 416. 8. Margot Heinemann, Puritanism and the Theatre: Thomas Middleton and Opposition Drama under the Early Stuarts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), 19, notes that the Earls of Leicester and Walsingham served as patrons to both Puritans and actors. The Third Earl of Pembroke, Shakespeare’s patron, was also a leader of the Puritan group in James I’s government, while the Fourth Earl of Pembroke, joint dedicatee of Shakespeare’s First Folio, was a parliamentarian during the civil war. Bulstrode Whitelocke, Keeper of the Great Seal during the Interregnum, frequented the Blackfriars, and during the Protectorate persuaded Cromwell to allow opera to be performed. Another Puritan, Sir Thomas Barrington, owned a copy of the First Folio. The Earls of Essex and Warwick, two leaders of the parliamentarians, employed the playwright Arthur Wilson, and Peter Sterry, Cromwell’s chaplain, loved and quoted Shakespeare’s works. See also Laura Knoppers, Puritanism and Its Discontents (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2003). 9. References to Milton’s prose are to The Complete Prose Works of John Milton, 8 vols. in 10, ed. Don M. Wolfe et al. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1953–82), and are designated as YP, with volume and page numbers given parenthetically in the text. 10. See Herbert Berry, “The Miltons and the Blackfriars Playhouse,” Modern Philology 89 (May 1992): 510–14; and Timothy J. Burbery, “John Milton, Blackfriars Spectator?: ‘Elegia Prima’ and Ben Jonson’s The Staple of News,” Ben Jonson Journal 10 (2003): 57–76. 11. William Hazlitt, Complete Works, ed. P. P. Howe, vol. 5 (New York: AMS Press, 1967), 230; and Roger Wilkenfeld, “Theoretics or Polemics?: Milton Criticism and the ‘Dramatic Axiom,’” PMLA 82 (1967): 505. 12. Terence Spencer, “Samson Agonistes in London,” Seventeenth Century News 9 (September 1951): 35. 13. Derek Wood, “Exiled from Light”: Divine Law, Morality, and Violence in Milton’s Samson Agonistes (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001): 20–21. J. Martin Evans is quoted in Alan Rudrum’s review article, “Milton Scholarship and the Agon over Samson Agonistes,” Huntington Library Quarterly 65 (2002): 465–88; quotation, 463. Joseph Wittreich’s comment appears in Wood, “Exiled from Light,” 21. 14. Francis Peck’s surmise is set forth at length in his New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr. John Milton (London, 1740): 265–428. William R. Parker, Milton...


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