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16. This phrase, which has for some time been a CS slogan, is found in Raymond Williams, The Long Revolution (London: Chatto and Windus, 1961). 17. See Meaghan Morris, “Banality in Cultural Studies,” in The Logics of Television , ed. Patricia Mellencamp (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990), 14–43. 18. Readings elaborates on the paradoxes of cultural absence that surround CS in the U.S. academy in “Culture Wars and Cultural Studies,” in The University in Ruins (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996), 89–118. 19. Erik D. Curren, “No Openings at This Time: Job Market Collapse and Graduate Education,” Profession, 1994, 57–61. 20. Philip E. Smith II, “Composing a Cultural Studies Curriculum at Pitt,” in Cultural Studies in the English Classroom, ed. James Berlin and Michael J. Vivion, (Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook Heinemann, 1992), 47, 63. 21. Not unlike other graduate students of the generation who came on the market in the mid-1990s, I found my initial optimism for gainful employment buoyed by William G. Bowen and Julie Ann Sosa, Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences, 1987–2012 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989). This book infamously predicted a 1990s bull market for first-time hires at a time when there would be more jobs in the humanities than there would be new Ph.D.’s to fill them. A survey of doctoral students in English in 2001 shows by contrast how grim the feelings about future employment are among the profession’s disheartened new recruits. Polling students in twentyseven doctoral-granting universities, this survey finds that less than 43 percent believe that a career in academe is a realistic possibility. See Linda Ray Pratt, “In Dark Wood: Finding a New Path to the Future of English,” ADE Bulletin 131 (spring 2002): 33. And, sadly, the numbers for 2000–01 Ph.D. placement support this pessimism. For graduates in English, a mere 410 of the 976 of those applying for tenure-track jobs (42 percent) actually found them. This compares with 372 of 1,102 (34 percent) in CS’s heyday of 1996–97; and 385 of 845 graduates (45.6 percent) in 1983–94. See “Findings from the MLA’s 2000–01 Survey of Ph.D. Placement,” MLA Newsletter, winter 2002, 14. 22. Michael Bérubé, “Peer Pressure: Literary and Cultural Studies in the Bear Market,” minnesota review 43–44 (1995): 139. 23. Richard Holub, “Professional Responsibility: On Undergraduate Education and Hiring Practices,” Profession (1994): 81. 24. “Facts and Figures,” ADE Bulletin 106 (winter 1993): 62. 25. “Highlights of the MLA’s Survey of Ph.D. Granting Modern Language Departments : Changes in Faculty Size from 1990–94,” ADE Bulletin 109 (winter 1994): 47. 26. The date 1993 is significant for being the same year as the weighty volume by Grossberg et al., Cultural Studies, cited above, regarding Hall’s backpedaling over CS’s popularity in the United States. Regarding part-time employN O T E S T O S E C T I O N 3 . 4 256 ment, see Ana Marie Fox, “Study Shows Colleges’ Dependence on Their Part-Time Instructors,” Chronicle of Higher Education, December 1, 2000, A12. 27. Cited by the AAUP’s “Statement from the Conference on the Growing Use of Part-Time and Adjunct Faculty,” available via the American Federation of Teacher’s Web site: www.aft.org. Also see the MLA’s consistently damning tallies in, “MLA Committee on Professional Employment,” at http://www.mla.org. 28. Cary Nelson, Manifesto of a Tenured Radical (New York: New York University Press, 1997), 55. Hereafter cited in text as MTR. 29. Michael Bérubé and Cary Nelson, eds., Higher Education under Fire: Politics, Economics, and the Crisis of the Humanities (New York: Routledge, 1995), 19. 30. Sandra M. Gilbert, “President’s Column,” MLA Newsletter, summer 1996, 5. 31. For an apt response to the backlash against “cultural studies” and a recuperative assessment of CS’s apparent professional excesses, see Lauren Berlant, “Collegiality, Crisis, and Cultural Studies,” ADE Bulletin 117 (fall 1997): 4–9. 32. The book is Charles Tilly, Popular Contention in Great Britain, 1758–1834 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995). Like E. P. Thompson, Tilly may be placed within a tradition of “Marxist humanism,” the same theoretical tendencies Wiegman rightly pins on Roediger. Both Tilly and Thompson evoke the term “moral” to challenge what they perceive are the economistic tendencies of classical Marxism. See Charles Tilly and Louise Tilly, eds., Class Conflict and Collective Action (Beverly Hills: Sage, 1981). 33. The CS scholars...


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