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296 The Land Answers 6. W. E. Jones and R. Bogart, Genetics of the Horse (East Lansing, Mich.: Caballus, 1971). 7. Ibid. 8. W. D. Wyman,TheWildHorsesoftheWest(Lincoln:UniversityofNebraska Press,1945). 9. Jones and Bogart, Genetics of the Horse. 10.ClarkWissler,“TheInXuenceoftheHorseintheDevelopmentofPlains Culture,” Amer. Anthropol. 16 (1914): 24–32. 11. Francis Haines, “The Northward Spread of Horses among the Plains Indians ,” Amer. Anthropol. (July–September 1938): 141–53. 12. H. H. Bancroft, California Pastoral (San Francisco: History, 1888). 13. H. Bidwell, Echoes of the Past (New York: Citadel Press, 1962). 14. Dan DeQuille, WashoeRambles (Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1963). 15. J. H. Steward, Basin-PlateauAboriginalSociopoliticalGroups (Washington D.C.: gpo, 1938). 16.CaptainJ.H.Simpson,ReportofExplorationsacrosstheGreatBasininUtah in 1859 (Washington, D.C. gpo, 1876). 17. Morgan, The Humboldt Highroad of the West. 18. Truett, On the Hoof and Horn in Nevada. 19. Patterson et al., Nevada’s Northeast Frontier. 20. Gordon, “Report on Cattle, Sheep and Swine.” 21. Elko Independent, April 10, 1887. 22. Mills, Sagebrush Saga. 23. Brennen et al., Cost of Producing Hay on Nevada Ranches. 24.R.Steele,MustangsontheMesas(LosAngeles:MabelWaldenSteele,1941). 25. Charles “Pete” Barnum as cited in ibid. 26. Steele, Mustangs on the Mesas. 27. Personal communication from Melvin James Sharp, formerly of Nye County, Nev. 28. Personal communication from Thomas R. Bunch, formerly of Burnt River, Ore. To this day Old Bunch breaks out in a rash if served applesauce. 29.R.Steele,“TrappingWildhorsesinNevada,”McClures24,no.2(December 1909): 198–209. 30.S.W.Pellegrini,“HomeRange,TerritorialityandMovementPatternsof 296 Notes Passing of the Old Guard 297 WildHorsesintheWassukRangeofWesternNevada”(master’sthesis,University of Nevada, Reno, 1971). 31. Bowman, Only the Mountains Remain. 32. F. Robbins, “Capturing Wild Horses,” Western Horseman (November– December 1947): 13–15, 48. 33. A. Amaral, Mustang (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1977). 34. Steele, Mustangs on the Mesas. 35. Davis, Winds of Morning. 36. Steele, Mustangs on the Mesas; Amaral, Mustang. 37. Pellegrini, “Home Range, Territoriality and Movement Patterns of Wild Horses”; personal communication from cheerful Charlie Fisher, Carson City, Nev. 38. Pellegrini, “Home Range, Territoriality and Movement Patterns of Wild Horses.” 39. Bogart, Improvement of Livestock. 40. Jones and Bogart, Genetics of the Horse. 41. Bogart, Improvement of Livestock. 42. Ibid. 43. R. H. MacArthur and J. H. Connell, TheBiologyofPopulations (New York: JohnWileyandSons,1956),andR.H.MacArthurandE.O.Williams,TheTheory of Island Biogeography (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967), are good sources on population genetics. 44. Alvaro Evans Papers, Nevada Historical Society, Reno. 45. Reno Evening Gazette, March 19, 1985. 46. Reno Evening Gazette, April 29, 1885. 47.Amaral,Mustang. 48. Patterson et al., Nevada’s Northeast Frontier. 49. Scarbrough, Land of Good Water; also B. C. Hanes, BillPickett,Bulldogger: TheBiographyofaBlackCowboy(Norman:UniversityofOklahomaPress,1970). 50. Personal communication from N. T. Harrell, Twin Falls, Ida., July 1979. 51. Hawes, The Valley of Tall Grass. 52. Personal communication from N. T. Harrell, Twin Falls, Ida., July 1979. 53. Ibid. 54. Death certiWcate from Janet M. Wick, State Registrar, State of Idaho, Notes 297 298 The Land Answers Department of Health and Welfare, Boise. Henry died April 3, 1937, in Twin Falls.HisoccupationwaslistedasranchforemanwithresidenceatSanJacinto, Nevada. 55. Personal communication from N. T. Harrell, Twin Falls, Ida., July 1979. 56. D. O. Hyde, The Last Free Man (New York: Dial Press, 1973). 57.ElkoWeeklyIndependent,September11,1887:“JohnSparksofSparksand TinninleftWellsforhisholdingwithapairofthoroughbredfoxhounds.Noone on the PaciWc Coast can equal Sparks’s dogs.” 58. Personal communication from Ms. Lillian Pepper of Dayton, Nev. 59. Reno Evening Gazette, January 25, 1890. 60. Reno Evening Gazette, August 3, 1895. 61. Graves, CaliforniaMemories. 62. Wadsworth Dispatch, November 15, 1893. 63. Silver State, February 23, 1899. 13. the passing of the old guard 1.LettertoLouisHarrelldatedFebruary12,1895,andsignedbyJohnSparks, president,andA.J.Harrell,secretary,Sparks-HarrellCompany,Visalia,Calif. Copy of letter furnished by Newton T. Harrell, Twin Falls, Ida. 2. Patterson et al., Nevada’s Northeast Frontier. 3. Letter to Louis Harrell dated December 28, 1896, and signed by A. J. Harrell,Visalia,Calif.CopyofletterfurnishedbyNewtonT.Harrell,TwinFalls, Ida.HarrisandDuncanwereHenryHarrisandTapDuncan,theSparks-Harrell wagonorroundupforemen.ThedesertisprobablytheOwyheeDesertofsouthcentral Idaho. 4. Byrd Fanita Wall Sawyer, Nevada Nomads(San Jose, Calif.: Harlan-Young Press,1971). 5. Most of the information on DiamondWeld Jack is from DiamondfieldJack, by D. H. Grover (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1968). Materials collected from sources Grover did not use are cited as separate sources. 6. Truett, On the Hoof and Horn in Nevada. Information on Sparks’s military careerinWyomingfromH.H.BancroftCollections,BancroftLibrary,University of California, Berkeley. 7. Patterson et al., Nevada’s Northeast Frontier. 298 Notes Passing of the Old Guard 299 8. Louis...


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