232. Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act, October 26, 1996
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358 access to or ceremonial use of, or adversely affect the physical integrity of, sacred sites. In all actions pursuant to this section, agencies shall comply with the Executive memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-toGovernment Relations with Native American Tribal Governments.” . . . Sec. 4. This order is intended only to improve the internal management of the executive branch and is not intended to, nor does it, create any right, benefit, or trust responsibility , substantive of procedural, enforceable at law or equity by any party against the United States, its agencies, officers, or any person. [Federal Register, 61:26771–72 (May 29, 1966).] 232. Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act October 26, 1996 Along with Indian education and Indian health care, adequate housing for Indians was a major concern of the federal government. This act, in great detail, set up a program for housing assistance to Indian tribes. An Act to provide Federal assistance for Indian tribes in a manner that recognizes the right of tribal self-governance, and for other purposes. . . . . sec. 2. congressional findings. The Congress finds that—. . . . (2) there exists a unique relationship between the Government of the United States and the governments of Indian tribes and a unique Federal responsibility to Indian people; (3) the Constitution of the United States invests the Congress with plenary power over the field of Indian affairs, and through treaties, statutes, and historical relations with Indian tribes, the United States has undertaken a unique trust responsibility to protect and support Indian tribes and Indian people; (4) the Congress, through treaties, statutes, and the general course of dealing with Indian tribes, has assumed a trust responsibility for the protection and preservation of Indian tribes and for working with tribes and their members to improve their housing conditions and socioeconomic status so that they are able to take greater responsibility for their own economic condition; (5) providing affordable homes in safe and healthy environments is an essential element in the special role of the United States in helping tribes and their members to improve their housing conditions and socioeconomic status; (6) the need for affordable homes in safe and healthy environments on Indian reservations, in Indian communities , and in Native Alaskan villages is acute and the Federal Government should work not only to provide housing assistance , but also, to the extent practicable, to assist in the development of private housing finance mechanisms on Indian lands to achieve the goals of economic self-sufficiency and self-determination for tribes and their members; and (7) Federal assistance to meet these responsibilities should be provided in a manner that recognizes the right of Indian self-determination and tribal selfgovernance by making such assistance available directly to the Indian tribes or tribally designated entities under authorities similar to those accorded Indian tribes in Public Law 93–638 (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.). sec. 3. administration through office of native american programs The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall carry out this Act through the Office of Native American Programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. . . . TITLE I—BLOCK GRANTS AND GRANT REQUIREMENTS sec. 101. block grants. (a) Authority.—For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall (to the extent amounts are 359 made available to carry out this Act) make grants under this section on behalf of Indian tribes to carry out affordable housing activities. Under such a grant on behalf of an Indian tribe, the Secretary shall provide the grant amounts for the tribe directly to the recipient for the tribe. . . . TITLE II—AFFORDABLE HOUSING ACTIVITIES sec. 201. national objectives and eligible families. (a) Primary Objective.—The national objectives of this Act are— (1) to assist and promote affordable housing activities to develop, maintain, and operate affordable housing in safe and healthy environments on Indian reservations and in other Indian areas for occupancy by low-income Indian families; (2) to ensure better access to private mortgage markets for Indian tribes and their members and to promote selfsuf ficiency of Indian tribes and their members; (3) to coordinate activities to provide housing for Indian tribes and their members with Federal, State, and local activities to further economic and community development for Indian tribes and their members; (4) to plan for and integrate infrastructure resources for Indian tribes with housing development for tribes; and (5) to promote the development of private capital markets in Indian country and to allow such markets to operate and grow, thereby benefiting Indian...


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