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336 Interior and given the responsibility of overseeing the trust responsibility of the Department and of insuring that no Departmental action will be taken that will adversely affect or destroy those physical assets that the Federal Government holds in trust for the tribes. I take pride in acknowledging and reaf- firming the existence and durability of our unique government-to-government relationship . Within the White House I have designated a senior staff member, my Director of Intergovernmental Affairs, as my personal liaison with all Indian tribes. While it is not possible for a President or his small staff to deal directly with the multiplicity of issues and problems presented by each of the 510 tribal entities in the Nation now recognized by and dealing with the Department of the Interior, the White House will continue to interact with Indian tribes on an intergovernmental basis. The concepts of forced termination and excessive dependency on the Federal Government must now be relegated, once and for all, to the history books. Today we move forward toward a permanent relationship of understanding and trust, a relationship in which the tribes of the Nation sit in positions of dependent sovereignty along with the other governments that compose the family that is America. [Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: George Bush, 1991, 1:662–63.] 217. Advisory Council on California Indian Policy October 14, 1992 This legislation reflected the fact that the Indians of California faced special problems in federal acknowledgment and in social and economic conditions. President Bush signed the bill, however, “on the understanding that the Council will serve only in an advisory capacity.” An Act . . . to establish the Advisory Council on California Indian Policy, and for other purposes . . . . . sec. 2. findings. The Congress has reviewed the social, economic,andpoliticalcircumstancesofCalifornia Indians and of governmental policies and programs affecting California Indians and finds that— (1) the Congress has recognized a special government-to-government relationship with Indian tribes in the United States; (2) due to the unique historical circumstances of the Indians of California, Federal law and policies have often dealt specifically with California Indians; (3) there is an urgent need to clarify the eligibility of unrecognized and terminated California Indian tribal groups to be federally acknowledged as Indian tribes with all the rights and powers attendant to that status; (4) there is among California Indians a continuing social and economic crisis, characterized by, among other things, alcohol and substance abuse, critical health problems, family violence and child abuse, lack of educational and employment opportunities , and significant barriers to tribal economic development; (5) these conditions exist even though public policies and programs adopted by the Federal Government have been intended to improve the conditions of California Indians; and (6) California Indian tribes and tribal organizations have expressed a need for a review of the public policies and programs affecting California Indians and to make such policies and programs more effective in accomplishing Federal policy objectives. . . . sec. 4. establishment of advisory council. (a) Establishment.—There is hereby established the Advisory Council on California Indian Policy. (b) Members.—The Council shall be composed of 18 members. . . . 337 (c) Recommendations from California Indian Tribes.—In making appointments to the Council under subsection (b), the Secretary shall ensure that the California Indian tribes have been afforded a full and fair opportunity to select by consensus, in accordance with procedures developed by the California Indian tribes, representatives they will recommend to the Secretary for appointment to the Council, consult with the California Indian tribes; and make appointments to the Council from among those recommended or nominated by California Indian tribes. . . . sec. 5. duties of the council. The Council shall— (1) develop a comprehensive list of California Indian tribes and the descendency list for each tribe based upon documents held by the Bureau including, but not limited to those specified in section 6; (2) identify the special problems confronting unacknowledged and terminated Indian tribes and propose reasonable mechanisms to provide for the orderly and fair consideration of requests by such tribes for Federal acknowledgement; (3) conduct a comprehensive study of— (A) the social, economic, and political status of California Indians; (B) the effectiveness of those policies and programs of the United States that affect California Indians; and (C) the services and facilities being provided to California Indian tribes; compared to those being provided to Indian tribes nationwide; (4) conduct public hearings on the subjects of such study; (5) develop recommendations for speci fic actions...


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