216. Statement of George Bush on Indian Policy, June 14, 1991
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335 sale or sell any good, with or without a Government trademark, in a manner that falsely suggests it is Indian produced, an Indian product, or the product of a particular Indian or Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization , resident within the United States. “(b) Whoever knowingly violates subsection (a) shall— “(1) in the case of a first violation, if an individual, be fined not more than $250,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000; and “(2) in the case of subsequent violations , if an individual, be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than fifteen years, or both, and, if a person other than an individual, be fined not more than $5,000,000. “(c) As used in this section— “(1) the term ‘Indian’ means any individual who is a member of an Indian tribe, or for the purposes of this section is certified as an Indian artisan by an Indian tribe; “(2) the terms ‘Indian product’ and ‘product of a particular Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization’ has the meaning given such term in regulations which may be promulgated by the Secretary of the Interior; “(3) the term ‘Indian tribe’ means— “(A) any Indian tribe, band, nation, Alaska Native village, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians; or “(B) any Indian group that has been formally recognized as an Indian tribe by a State legislature or by a State commission or similar organization legislatively vested with State tribal recognition authority; and “(4) the term ‘Indian arts and crafts organization’ means any legally established arts and crafts marketing organization composed of members of Indian tribes.” . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large 104:4662–63.] 216. Statement of George Bush on Indian Policy June 14, 1991 President George Bush followed the Indian policy of the preceding administration, of which he had been a part. He reaffirmed the government-to-government relationship between the federal government and the Indian tribal governments and noted action taken to foster tribal self-government and self-determination. On January 24, 1983, the Reagan-Bush administration issued a statement on Indian policy recognizing and reaffirming a government-to-government relationship between Indian tribes and the Federal Government . This relationship is the cornerstone of the Bush-Quayle administration’s policy of fostering tribal self-government and selfdetermination . This government-to-government relationship is the result of sovereign and independent tribal governments being incorporated into the fabric of our nation, of Indian tribes becoming what our courts have come to refer to as quasi-sovereign domestic dependent nations. Over the years the relationship has flourished, grown, and evolved into a vibrant partnership in which over 500 tribal governments stand shoulder to shoulder with the other governmental units that form our Republic. This is now a relationship in which tribal governments may choose to assume the administration of numerous Federal programs pursuant to the 1975 Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. This is a partnership in which an Office of Self-Governance has been established in the Department of the Interior and given the responsibility of working with tribes to craft creative ways of transferring decisionmaking powers over tribal government functions from the Department to tribal governments . An Office of American Indian Trust will be established in the Department of the 336 Interior and given the responsibility of overseeing the trust responsibility of the Department and of insuring that no Departmental action will be taken that will adversely affect or destroy those physical assets that the Federal Government holds in trust for the tribes. I take pride in acknowledging and reaf- firming the existence and durability of our unique government-to-government relationship . Within the White House I have designated a senior staff member, my Director of Intergovernmental Affairs, as my personal liaison with all Indian tribes. While it is not possible for a President or his small staff to deal directly with the multiplicity of issues and problems presented by each of the 510 tribal entities in the Nation now recognized by and dealing with the Department of the Interior, the White House will continue to interact with Indian tribes on an intergovernmental basis. The concepts of forced termination and excessive dependency on...