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330 and a growing dependency upon transfer payments; (B) these conditions exist even though public policies and programs adopted in recent decades have been intended to assist Alaska Natives in protecting their traditional cultures and subsistence economies and in encouraging economic self-sufficiency and individual, group, village, and regional self-determination; and (C) Alaska Natives and the State of Alaska have expressed a need for a review of public policies and programs and a desire to make such policies and programs more effective in accomplishing their intentions. (2) The Congress hereby declares that it is timely and essential to conduct, in cooperation with the State of Alaska and with the participation of Alaska Natives, a comprehensive review of Federal and State policies and programs affecting Alaska Natives in order to identify specific actions that may be taken by the United States and the State of Alaska to help assure that public policy goals are more fully realized among Alaska Natives. (b)(1) There is hereby established a Commission to be known as the “Joint FederalState Commission on Policies and Programs Affecting Alaska Natives” (hereafter referred to in this section as the “Commission”). (2)(A) The Commission shall consist of the following members: (i) seven individuals appointed by the President, at least three of whom shall be Alaska Natives and not more than two of whom may be officers or employees of the Federal Government, (ii) seven individuals appointed by the Governor of the State of Alaska, (iii)–(xi) [Various federal and state officials as ex officio non-voting members.] . . . (E) In making appointments to the Commission, the President and the Governor of Alaska shall give careful consideration to recommendations received from Alaska Native village, regional , and State organizations. . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large 104:478–81.] 213. National Indian Forest Resources Management Act November 28, 1990 Indian forests are a chief economic resource for many tribes. This act established a management system in order to develop and enhance the forests. The provisions appear in Title III of a catchall piece of legislation. An Act to authorize the Rumsey Indian Rancheria to convey a certain parcel of land. . . . . TITLE III—INDIAN FOREST AND WOODLANDS sec. 301. short title. This title may be cited as the “National Indian Forest Resources Management Act.” sec. 302. findings. The Congress finds and declares that— (1) the forest lands of Indians are among their most valuable resources and Indian forest lands— (A) encompass more than 15,990,000 acres, including more than 5,700,000 acres of commercial forest land and 8,700,000 acres of woodland, (B) are a perpetually renewable and manageable resource, (C) provide economic benefits, including income, employment, and subsistence, and (D) provide natural benefits, including ecological, cultural, and esthetic values; (2) the United States has a trust responsibility toward Indian forest lands; (3) existing Federal laws do not sufficiently assure the adequate and necessary trust management of Indian forest lands; (4) the Federal investment in, and the 331 management of, Indian forest land is signi ficantly below the level of investment in, and management of, National Forest Service forest land, Bureau of Land Management forest land, or private forest land; (5) tribal governments make substantial contributions to the overall management of Indian forest land; and (6) there is a serious threat to Indian forest lands arising from trespass and unauthorized harvesting of Indian forest land resources. sec. 303. purposes. The purposes of this title are to— (1) allow the Secretary of the Interior to take part in the management of Indian forest lands, with the participation of the lands’ beneficial owners, in a manner consistent with the Secretary’s trust responsibility and with the objectives of the beneficial owners; (2) clarify the authority of the Secretary to make deductions from the proceeds of sale of Indian forest products, assure the use of such deductions on the reservation from which they are derived solely for use in forest land management activities, and assure that no other deductions shall be collected; (3) increase the number of professional Indian foresters and related staff in forestry programs on Indian forest land; and (4) provide for the authorization of necessary appropriations to carry out this title for the protection, conservation, utilization , management, and enhancement of Indian forest lands. . . . sec. 305. management of indian forest land. (a) Management Activities.—The Secretary shall undertake forest land management activities on Indian forest land, either directly or through contracts, cooperative...


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