165. Indian Education Act, June 23, 1972
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263 (11) Kodiak Area Native Association (all villages on and around Kodiak Island); and (12) Copper River Native Association (Copper Center, Glennallen, Chitina, Mentasta). Any dispute over the boundaries of a region or regions shall be resolved by a board of arbitrators consisting of one person selected by each of the Native associations involved, and an additional one or two persons, whichever is needed to make an odd number of arbitrators , such additional person or persons to be selected by the arbitrators selected by the Native associations involved. (b) The Secretary may, on request made within one year of the date of enactment of this Act, by representative and responsible leaders of the Native associations listed in subsection (a), merge two or more of the twelve regions: Provided, That the twelve regions may not be reduced to less than seven, and there may be no fewer than seven Regional Corporations. . . . conveyance of lands Sec. 14. (a) Immediately after selection by a Village Corporation for a Native village listed in section 11 which the Secretary finds is qualified for land benefits under this Act, the Secretary shall issue to the Village Corporation a patent to the surface estate in the number of acres shown in the following table: If the village had on the 1970 census enumeration date a Native population between— It shall be entitled to a patent to an area of public lands equal to— 25 and 99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69,120 acres. 100 and 199 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92,160 acres. 200 and 399 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115,200 acres. 400 and 599 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138,240 acres. 600 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161,280 acres. The lands patented shall be those selected by the Village Corporation pursuant to subsection 12(a). In addition, the Secretary shall issue to the Village Corporation a patent to the surface estate in the lands selected pursuant to subsection 12(b). (b) Immediately after selection by any Village Corporation for a Native village listed in section 16 which the Secretary finds is qualified for land benefits under this Act, the Secretary shall issue to the Village Corporation a patent to the surface estate to 23,040 acres. The lands patented shall be the lands within the township or townships that enclose the Native village, and any additional lands selected by the Village Corporation from the surrounding townships withdrawn for the Native village by subsection 16(a). . . . [U.S. Statutes at Large, 85:688–92, 702–3.] 165. Indian Education Act June 23, 1972 The severe criticism of Indian education in the 1969 report of the Senate Special Subcommittee on Indian Education elicited a substantial response from Congress. In the Education Amendments Act of 1972, a special title provided extensive support for the education of Indians and established new administrative structures in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to carry out the work. An Act to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 . . . and related Acts, and for other purposes (P.L. 92–318). TITLE IV—INDIAN EDUCATION . . . . declaration of policy Sec. 302. (a) In recognition of the special educational needs of Indian students in the United States, Congress hereby declares it to be the policy of the United States to provide financial assistance to local educational agencies to develop and carry out elementary and secondary school programs especially designed to meet these special educational needs. (b) The Commissioner [of Education] shall, in order to effectuate the policy set forth in subsection (a), carry out a program of making grants to local educational agencies 264 which are entitled to payments under this title and which have submitted, and had approved , applications therefor, in accordance with the provisions of this title. . . . improvement of educational opportunities for indian children Sec. 810. (a) The Commissioner shall carry out a program of making grants for the improvements of educational opportunities for Indian children. . . . (b) The Commissioner is authorized to make grants to State and local educational agencies, federally supported elementary and secondary schools for Indian children and to Indian tribes, organizations, and institutions to support planning, pilot, and demonstration projects which are designed to plan for, and test and demonstrate the effectiveness of, programs for improving educational opportunities for Indian children. . . . (c) The Commissioner is also authorized to make grants to State and local educational agencies and to tribal and other Indian community organizations to assist and stimulate them in developing and establishing educational services and programs specifically designed to improve educational opportunities for Indian children. . . . (d) The Commissioner is also authorized to...