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229 against the United States. But this declaration does not cure the situation created by the snail-like pace of the hundreds of suits and claims by Indians against the Government. While these suits and claims remain unsettled , they will be used by designing white persons to prejudice the Indian mind against the Government, to raise false hopes of recovering fabulous sums, and by these hopes to make more difficult the task of getting the Indians to face reality and to strive in earnest to help themselves. It is hoped that the next Congress will enact legislation designed finally to settle all Indian claims in the shortest possible time. . . . [Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior , 1934, pp. 78–83.] 143. Indian Arts and Crafts Board August 27, 1935 Congress in 1935 authorized a special board to promote the development of Indian arts and crafts. This was an action urged by John Collier. An Act To promote the development of Indian arts and crafts and to create a board to assist therein, and for other purposes. Be it enacted . . . , That a board is hereby created in the Department of the Interior to be known as “Indian Arts and Crafts Board,” and hereinafter referred to as the Board. The Board shall be composed of five commissioners , who shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior as soon as possible after the passage of this Act and shall continue in of- fice, two for a term of two years, one for a term of three years, and two for a term of four years from the date of their appointment ,thetermofeachtobedesignatedbythe Secretary of the Interior, but their successors shall be appointed for a term of four years except that any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed for the unexpired term of the commissioner whom he succeeds. Both public officers and private citizens shall be eligible for membership on the Board. The Board shall elect one of the commissioners as chairman. One or two vacancies on the Board shall not impair the right of the remaining commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Board. The commissioners shall serve without compensation: Provided, That each Commissioner shall be reimbursed for all actual expenses , including travel expenses, subsistence and office overhead, which the Board shall certify to have been incurred as properly incidental to the performance of his duties as a member of the Board. Sec. 2. It shall be the function and the duty of the Board to promote the economic welfare of the Indian tribes and the Indian wards of the Government through the development of Indian arts and crafts and the expansion of the market for the products of Indian art and craftsmanship. In the execution of this function the Board shall have the following powers: (a) To undertake market research to determine the best opportunity for the sale of various products; (b) to engage in technical research and give technical advice and assistance; (c) to engage in experimentation directly or through selected agencies; (d) to correlate and encourage the activities of the various governmental and private agencies in the field; (e) to offer assistance in the management of operating groups for the furtherance of specific projects; (f) to make recommendations to appropriate agencies for loans in furtherance of the production and sale of Indian products; (g) to create Government trade marks of genuineness and quality for Indian products and the products of particular Indian tribes or groups; to establish standards and regulations for the use of such trade marks; to license corporations, associations , or individuals to use them; and to charge a fee for their use; to register them in the United States Patent Office without charge; (h) to employ executive officers, including a general manager, and such other permanent and temporary personnel as may be found necessary, and prescribe the authorities , duties, responsibilities, and tenure and fix the compensation of such officers and other employees . . . ; (i) as a Government agency to negotiate and execute in its own 230 name contracts with operating groups to supply management, personnel, and supervision at cost, and to negotiate and execute in its own name such other contracts and to carry on such other business as may be necessary for the accomplishment of the duties and purposes of the Board: Provided, That nothing in the foregoing enumeration of powers shall be construed to authorize the Board to borrow or lend money or to...


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